(1916 - 1993)
Ethel (Currie) Magafan was active/lived in Colorado, New York, Illinois. Ethel Magafan is known for abstract mountain landscape and mural painting.
Biography from the Archives of askART
With a successful painting career in the Midwest in the 1930s and 1940s, especially of works of western themes in WPA murals, Ethel Magafan and her twin sister, Jenne Magafan, were highly respected artists among their peers. They exhibited as a pair, traveled much together, and spent time at Woodstock, New York, where they each married artists. Jenne married Edward Chavez and Ethel, Bruce Currie.
Biography from the Archives of askART
The twins' father emigrated to the United States from Greece in 1912 and settled in Colorado Springs, although the girls were born in Chicago. They each developed a love of western landscape, and when Jenne won the Carter Memorial Art Scholarship of ninety dollars, she shared it with her sister and they both attended the Broadmoor Art Academy. The tuition covered only two months, but instructor Frank Mechau, recognizing their talents, hired both of them as assistants.
The young female artists were encouraged by all their instructors especially Mechau, Boardman Robinson and Pepino Mangravite, who hired Ethel to help him with a mural project in Atlantic City.
Jenne did a mural in the post office of Helper, Utah and in a government building in Auburn, Nebraska.
On a California trip, the twins met Doris Lee and Arnold Blanch, who spoke glowingly of the Woodstock, New York art colony, so they headed east in 1945. There, they developed distinctive styles of painting with Jennie doing what were described as sensitive renderings and Ethel focusing on horses and later on increasingly abstract landscapes.
Both won Fulbright Scholarships and Tiffany Foundation Awards, and Jenne studied in Italy and Ethel in Greece. They and their husbands returned to the United States in 1952; shortly after Jenne died at age thirty-six of a cerebral hemorrhage.
Ethel continued to have a highly successful career, painting numerous murals for the federal government including the U.S. Senate Chamber. In 1968, she was elected an Academician of the National Academy of Design.
American Women Artists by Charlotte Streifer Rubinstein
Ethel Currie Magafan was born
August 10, 1916 in Chicago and died April 24, 1993 per obit in the New York Times, April 29, 1993, per
Wikipedia; “The husband and wife team of Bruce Currie and Ethel Magafan are
currently exhibiting at the Joseloff Gallery at the Hartford Art School,
through November 27…Ethel Magafan studied at the Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center.
She utilizes large bold shapes to create a feeling that expresses the vitality
of nature. The predominance of violet lends a cool serenity to the themes.” UH News, Liberated Press, November 20, 1968,
p. 9; there is an oral history interview with her at the Archives of American
Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, died C.; there are several references
to her on historic LAT (ProQuest).
Biography from David Cook Galleries
Source: Nancy Dustin Moure, "Santa Cruz Art League Statewide Art Exhibition Index, First through Twenty-seventh, 1928-1957 (Publications in California Art, No. 12)"
Jenne and Ethel Magafan were identical twins, born in Chicago to a Greek immigrant father and a Polish mother. Due to health concerns about their father, the family moved to Colorado, living first in Colorado Springs and then in Denver. He was a proud supporter of their artistic ambitions but died suddenly 1932, a heavy blow to both of them. They attended East High School in Denver, where they found a mentor in their art teacher Helen Perry. She had studied at the Art Institute of Chicago but had later abandoned a career as an artist, making her all the more determined to help the Magafan twins succeed artistically.
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While still in high school, the twins impressed artist Frank Mechau, and Helen Perry paid for their lessons with him. He subsequently invited them to apprentice with him at his Redstone studio. In 1936, Jenne won the Carter Memorial Art Scholarship and shared it with her sister so that they both could attend the Broadmoor Art Academy in Colorado Springs. Once they ran out of money, Mechau, now teaching there, hired them as assistants. Through their involvement at the Academy, the twins entered into careers as muralists, working at first with Mechau and then with Peppino Mangravite.
From 1937 to 1943, Ethel was commissioned to paint her first of seven government sponsored murals. Located in the US Post Office in Auburn, Nebraska, this commission made Ethel (at age 26) the youngest artist in America to receive such an honor. Denver Art Museum director Donald J. Bear once commented that "[Ethel and Jenne's] study of local detail makes them appear as little Bruegels of ranch genre - natural and unforced."
As mural painting commissions diminished, Ethel began to do more easel painting for which she used a palette knife and tempera paints to great effect. After settling in California for five years, the twins permanently relocated to Woodstock, New York in 1945, where the sisters lived apart for the first time. Ethel developed an increasing focus within her work, particularly for horses and abstract landscapes. She met fellow artist Bruce Currie at an artist's party, and the two were married in 1946.
The twins and their husbands went to Greece and Italy for a year when Jenne's husband and Ethel were granted Fulbright Scholarships. Upon their return, Jenne died suddenly of a cerebral hemorrhage — a loss that Ethel would mourn deeply. With her sister gone, her landscapes became much more abstract, as she sought out the feeling of the scene rather than an exact representation. During the mid-fifties, she began to make annual trips to Colorado. Her stature within the art world was solidified in 1971 when the United States Department of Interior requested that Ethel tour and draw sketches throughout the Western U.S. These sketches were later exhibited at the National Gallery in Washington and then sent on a national tour by the Smithsonian Institution.
Taught: Artist-in-residence, University of Georgia, Athens, 1973; Syracuse University, 1976.
Awards: Fulbright Grant, 1951.
Murals: Washington DC - Senate Chamber, Department of Health Education and Welfare, 1941; Post offices in Auburn, NE, (1938), Wynne, AR (1940), Madill, OK (1941), South Denver Branch, CO (1942).
Exhibitions: Denver Art Museum, 1938-40, 42, 43; "Artists of the West of the Mississippi", 1940, 41 & 45; Metropolitan Museum of Art; National Academy of Design, 1965-78.
Works Held: Denver Art Museum; Metropolitan Museum of Art; Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, NY; Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, OH; National Museum of American Art; Wichita Art Museum, Wichita, KS.
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