(1872 - 1945)
Gottardo Fidele Piazzoni was active/lived in California. Gottardo Piazzoni is known for landscape, seascape, mural, etcher.
A painter, etcher, muralist, and sculptor, Gottardo Piazzoni was a highly prominent, active figure in the Northern California art world in the early 20th Century. Many of his paintings were plein-air, impressionist style California landscapes that were simple in composition and quiet in tone, reflective of his search for refuge from an increasingly mechanized society. He also created a number of paintings in the Symbolist style that expressed an ideal, dreamlike world of muted, restful colors.
Piazzoni was a teacher at the California School of Fine Art in San Francisco from 1919 to 1935, and established in that city the Piazzoni Atelier d'Art on Sacramento Street. One of his major public accomplishments was the painting of fourteen large murals on the grand staircase of the downtown San Francisco Public Library. Completed in 1932, five of them depicted the "sea", and five the "land".
He was born in Intragna, Switzerland to Swiss-Italian parents and got his early schooling in Locarno, Italy, where he was much impressed by local mural artists who decorated the churches of that city. In 1887, he emigrated to California with his mother to join his father who had established a dairy farm in Carmel Valley. He persuaded his parents to let him go to San Francisco to get art training, and from 1891 to 1893, he took art studies at the San Francisco School of Design under Arthur Mathews and Raymond Yelland, and won a Gold Medal for drawing.
He then went to Paris for three years to study at the Academie Julian with Benjamin Constant, Henri Martin, and Jean-Paul Laurens and from 1896 to 1898, studied with Jean-Leon Gerome at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. In Paris, he shared studios with Douglas Tilden and Granville Raymond, with whom he would remain life-long friends in California.
Returning to San Francisco, he shared a studio for ten years with Arthur Putnam and was a member of numerous organizations including the Bohemian Club and the San Francisco Society of Etchers. His first major solo exhibition was in April 1905 at the Mechanics Institute Pavilion, and he made enough money to return to Europe, this time with his bride, Beatrice Del Mue, and Arthur Putnam and his wife. The couples traveled for the next two years through Italy, France, and Switzerland.
In 1907, the Piazzoni's returned to San Francisco to deal with his studio that had been destroyed by fire. Relocating from Sacramento Street to Presidio Avenue, he began the first of his many mural commissions that reflected his commitment to the integration of art and architecture. He also gave studio classes, conducted plein-air painting excursions, traveled extensively in California for landscape subjects, began a series of monotypes, and took on teaching responsibilities at CSFA.
Piazzoni died at his home in Carmel Valley, and in 1959, the California Historical Society held a retrospective of his work.
Source: "Artists in California 1786-1940" by Edan Hughes and "Plein Air Painters of California, The North" edited by Ruth Westphal.
In an interview with Max Stern, Gottardo Piazzoni was asked, "And what is your religion?" To which he replied, "I think it is California."
Piazzoni was well known for his many small paintings. James Coran and Walter Nelson-Rees refer to one such work in their collection in which Piazzoni has "masterfully captured the barren, often oak-dotted coastal hills of Northern California, which, in summer when their grass cover is dry and the Pacific fog rolls in to obscure the sun, switch from gleaming gold to baked brown." After an exhibition in San Francisco in 1917, one critic called them "landscape miniatures", and noted that the artist had "caught a single aspect of nature in an appealing mood, and rendered the salient impression strongly and serenely. They are to the art of painting what the short story is to fiction, or the lyric to poetry."
Painter, etcher, muralist and sculptor, Piazzoni was a prominent figure in the art world of Northern California in the early 20th century. In the 1930's he summarized his artistic beliefs: "I have devoted my life to a study of landscape…not to a copy of the natural scene, but to an expression of what it means to me. I am concerned not with the external aspect of the landscape, but with its inward life." Some historians start the history of California Modernism with Piazzoni's Symbolist work. He regarded nature as a respite from an increasingly mechanized society and his subtle, lyrical interpretations of the Northern California landscape are characterized by their simplicity and quiet mood.
Born in Switzerland in 1872, his father made a fortune in Australia before immigrating to the United States, where he settled in the Monterey area. The young Piazzoni was educated at the Ginnasio in Locarno, where he was first impressed by local mural artists who decorated chapels and churches of the city, before joining his father in California in 1887. He studied at the California School of Design with Raymond Yelland and Arthur Mathews, and in 1894 traveled to Paris where he attended the Academie Julian and the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. By 1901 he had returned to California and established two studios in San Francisco, where he became an active member of the art community. He belonged to many organizations including the Bohemian Club, the Club Beaux Arts, and the San Francisco Art Association, and received numerous awards and prizes while exhibiting widely in the U.S. and Europe.
He received the first of his mural commissions for the First National Bank Building of San Francisco in 1908. His mural work reflected his belief in the integration of art and architecture, and one of his most well-known public accomplishments was the fourteen large murals for the grand staircase of the San Francisco Public Library. Completed in 1932, the five murals depicting "The Land" and five more depicting "The Sea" were recently painstakingly removed from the old Main Library, restored, and installed at the new de Young Museum in San Francisco.
References: Boas, Nancy, The Society of Six, San Francisco, 1988 Coran, James L and Nelson-Rees, Walter A., If Pictures Could Talk, California, 1989 Moure, Nancy Dustin Wall, California Art: 450 Years of Painting & Other Media, Los Angeles, 1998 Westphal, Ruth L., Plein Air Painters of California: The North, California, 1986