(1893 - 1958)
Andrew George Winter was active/lived in New York, Maine, Massachusetts. Andrew Winter is known for marine, landscape and genre painting.
Biography from the Archives of askART
A colorful, adventurous personality, Andrew Winter was a painter who spent his early years as a mariner, sailing as a mate on square riggers and later on British and American steamships.
Biography from Spanierman Gallery
He was a native of Estonia and became an American citizen in 1921. He studied at the National Academy of Design and in 1925, returned to Europe on a travel fellowship and studied in Rome and Paris.
In the 1930s, he and his artist wife Mary settled on Monhegan Island in Maine where he produced a large body of work that reflected his love of the surroundings.
Andrew Winter was born in Sindi, Estonia, in 1892. After attending a local public school, he went to sea in 1913 with the intention of saving his earnings for future study at art school. However, with the outbreak of war in 1914, his plans had to be temporarily abandoned. From 1914 until 1916 he served on a number of British vessels. He then sailed on various American ships until 1921, when he decided to settle in the United States and resume his art education. In that same year, he enrolled in classes at the National Academy of Design in New York. Four years later he won the school's Mooney Traveling Scholarship, enabling him to study in Paris and Rome. He also received instruction at the Cape Cod School of Art and the Tiffany Foundation.
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During the Depression, Winter painted many oils on commission for the U.S. Treasury Department. He also executed a large mural portraying maple sugaring for the Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, post office. It was during this time that Winter made his first trip to Monhegan, a small island off the coast of Maine, where he joined a thriving colony of artists who summered at the "Trailing Yew" guest house. After spending a number of seasons painting on the island, Winter decided to move there permanently in 1940. He promptly built a studio on a bluff overlooking the Atlantic. He also went on frequent sailing trips with local fishermen. His renderings of local land and seascape, characterized by an emphasis on bold, rugged shorelines, a powerful "Monhegan" light and a tendency to depict man in his battle against the elements of nature, have often been compared to the work of Winslow Homer. Although Winter painted Monhegan throughout the seasons, he was particularly fond of the island's tempestuous, stormy winters.
In addition to working on Monhegan, Winter also painted in the Virgin Islands, California and various Western states. A prolific artist, he exhibited his work widely throughout the United States and abroad. In 1940, he was selected for inclusion in the "Wall of Fame" in the American Common at the New York World's Fair for his outstanding contribution in the field of art by an American citizen of foreign birth. He was also a member of the National Academy of Design, the Salmagundi Club, and the American Water Color Society.
Winter's primary contribution to the American realist tradition lies in his forceful depictions of maritime New England, Maine in particular. Following his death in Brookline, Massachusetts, in 1958, his ashes were committed to the waters off Monhegan in the sea that he loved, and painted, so well. Representative examples of Winter's work can be found in major public and private collections throughout the United States, including the High Museum of Art, Atlanta, the Toledo Art Museum and the Farnsworth Library and Art Museum, Rockland, Maine.
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