(1857 - 1937)
Bruce (Robert Bruce) Crane was active/lived in Connecticut, New York. Bruce Crane is known for seasonal landscape painting, teaching.
Biography from the Archives of askART
A popular landscape painter, especially of golden toned landscapes that
conveyed fall and winter seasons, Bruce Crane, also a teacher, was strongly influenced
by the French Barbizon school of painting and had a studio for many
years in Old Lyme, Connecticut. He also painted on Long Island, the
Catskills, and the Adirondacks. In 1882, he was in France at the colony
at Grez-sur-Loring with Birge Harrison, Kenyon Cox, and Alexander
Wyant, but he maintained a studio in New York City until he moved to
Bronxville in 1914.
Biography from Turak Gallery of American Art
He took early art lessons from Alexander
Wyant in New York City and then studied in Europe. He became a member
of the National Academy of Design, the American Water Color Society,
the Salmagundi Club, the Society of American Artists, and the Grand
Central Art Galleries. One of his great admirers was J. Francis Murphy
with whom his work has often been compared.
David Michael Zellman, Three Hundred Years of American Art
Peter Falk, Who Was Who in American Art
Robert Bruce Crane was born in New York City on October 17, 1857. The
son of Solomon Bruce Crane and Leah Gillespie, he was educated in New
York's public schools and was exposed to the city's galleries and
museums by his father, himself an amateur painter. By the age of
seventeen, Crane had moved to Elizabeth, New Jersey, where he was
employed as a draftsman by an architect and builder.
Biography from Newman Galleries
decided to devote his career to painting, and about 1876 or 1877 sought
the guidance of the landscape painter Alexander H. Wyant, with whom he
subsequently shared a close friendship until Wyant's death in 1892.
1878 and 1882, Crane attended the Art Students League in New York and
traveled to Europe for further study. In the United States during this
period, he painted in New Jersey; East Hampton, Long Island; and the
Adirondacks. He wrote to his father from the Adirondacks that among the
influential painters working nearby at the time were Eastman Johnson,
George and James Smillie, and Samuel Coleman, and he described the
dramatic terrain: "Went to the famous Rainbow Falls which several
artists have tried to paint . . . Wyant and Hart among them . . . over
the top comes tumbling the water which strikes every few feet throwing
a spray which catches the sun giving a most charming as well as
Crane spent time in East Hampton, on the
eastern end of Long Island, during the summer of 1880 or 1881 and
possibly during other summers. From there he wrote his father that the
painters "Stimson, Dellenbaugh, Moran, Robbins and Coleman are here . .
. I have finished the study of an old house . . . and the artists say
that [it] is exceedingly good." In another note he described some of
his typical subjects at this time: "I have been working on a 20 x 30
[inch] subject, a row of apple trees, gigantic in size . . . I commence
in a few days the study sheep."
In these early works, Crane
painstakingly reproduced the pastures, hayfields, and barnyards of
rural East Hampton. A critic later remarked that "Troubled or placid
skies, the bright luminous atmosphere of a summer's day, or the gray
tones of autumn were given in these pictures, not only with truth to
nature and a certain poetic sentiment, but with a brilliant sparkling
quality of effect.
Clark, Charles Teaze; "Bruce Crane, Tonalist Painter", Antiques Magazine, November, 1982.
An acclaimed landscape painter of autumnal and twilight scenes, Bruce
Crane used a literal and detailed style before adopting Impressionism.
Biography from Heritage Auctions
in New York City in 1857, Crane studied under landscape painter
Alexander H. Wyant, and continued his studies in Paris for a year and a
half, painting outdoors near Grez-sur-Loing.
When he returned to
New York in 1881, he achieved recognition for his plein-air landscapes
of Eastern American scenes in the Adirondacks, Long Island, New Jersey,
and Connecticut. His greatest popularity came in the late 1890's when
he won the Webb Prize from the Society of American Artists.
1904, Crane spent many of his summers in the popular artist's colony of
Old Lyme, Connecticut. In 1915, he joined with Emil Carlsen,
Charles Davis, and J. Alden Weir to establish Twelve Landscape
Painters, an exhibiting organization of artists. He died in
Bronxville, New York in 1937.
Crane was a member of the American
Watercolor Society, Artists' Fund Society, National Academy of Design,
Lotus Club, Salmagundi Club, Society of American Artists, and the Union
Internationale des Beaux-Arts et des Lettres.
His paintings are
found in the Brooklyn Museum, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Metropolitan
Museum of Art, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Pennsylvania
Academy of the Fine Arts, and the National Museum of American Art,
among many others.
Bruce Crane is best known for his golden Tonalist landscapes of the lowlands between the Adirondack and Catskill Mountains. Born in New York City, he studied with Alexander H. Wyant before attending the Art Students League from 1878-82. In addition to the New York mountains, the pastoral settings of East Hampton, Long Island, and New Jersey also provided material for Crane's poetic works.
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The Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover; Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown; Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk; Denver Art Museum; Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; New Jersey State Museum, Trenton; and Phoenix Art Museum are among the numerous institutions featuring Crane's paintings.
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