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Alfred Hutty

 (1877 - 1954)
Alfred Heber Hutty was active/lived in New York, South Carolina, Michigan.  Alfred Hutty is known for street-landscape and genre painting, etching.

Alfred Hutty

Biography from the Archives of askART

Biography photo for Alfred Hutty
A leading figure in the Charleston Renaissance group of artists, active between 1915 and 1940, who stirred national artist through their widely distributed illustrations of life in the historic city, Alfred Hutty worked for Tiffany Studios and lived in Woodstock, New York.

He came to Charleston looking for a warm climate to spend the winter, and from 1920 to 1924 directed the school of the Carolina Art Association at the Gibbes Art Gallery. A regular summer resident until his death in 1954, he was also one of the founding members of the Charleston Etchers' Club.

He worked primarily in drypoint but also did paintings of non-romanticized scenes such as stooped figures in doorways and buildings in need of repair.  In fact he did a drypoint etching of the tenement on Catfish Row immortalized by DuBose Heyward in his novel Porgy.  He also did oil paintings of lush gardens and plantation scenes.

American Art Review

Biography from the Archives of askART
Biography photo for Alfred Hutty
Born Grand Haven, MI, 1877; died Woodstock, NY, 1954. Painter. Designer. Printmaker. Spent his boyhood in Kansas City and Leavenworth. Designed stained glass windows in Kansas City and St. Louis and attended the St. Louis School of Fine Arts. In 1907 he moved to Woodstock, NY and studied landscape painting at the New York Art Students League. He, along with George Bellows, is credited with founding the Woodstock Art Colony. Although he continued to live in Woodstock, NY, he began traveling to Charleston, SC in 1919 and was a regular visitor there throughout his life. He was a leader of the Charleston Renaissance producing numerous etchings of Charleston's architecture and social life.

Susan Craig, "Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists (active before 1945)"
Saunders, Boyd. Alfred Hutty and the Charleston Renaissance. (Orangeburg, SC: Sandlapper Pub., 1990); Sandzén Archive; AskArt,, accessed Dec. 20, 2005.

This and over 1,750 other biographies can be found in Biographical Dictionary of Kansas Artists (active before 1945) compiled by Susan V. Craig, Art & Architecture Librarian at University of Kansas.

Biography from The Johnson Collection
Biography photo for Alfred Hutty
Alfred Hutty was by birth a midwesterner, though his reputation became inextricably linked with Charleston, South Carolina. Born in Grand Haven, Michigan, his aptitude in art earned him a scholarship to the St. Louis School of Fine Arts at the age of fifteen. He also became a designer of stained glass windows in Kansas City following his training, and then worked at the Tiffany Glass Studio in New York City. In 1907, he began study with the landscape painter, Birge Harrison, in Woodstock, New York, and became a regular fixture in the Woodstock Art Colony, where he acquired a summer residence.

Hutty served in World War I and in 1919, he visited Charleston and became enamored of the city. He taught at the Carolina Art Association (now the Gibbes Museum of Art) from 1920-24 and became a vital part of the city's cultural community, thereafter splitting his time between Charleston and Woodstock.

In Charleston, Hutty befriended local printmakers, DuBose Heyward and John Bennett and began producing etchings in 1921, and was a founding member of the Etcher's Club, organized in 1923. He garnered national renown as a printmaker and was instrumental in increasing the medium's popularity, though Hutty was also an accomplished painter in oil and watercolor. His subject matter was most often the local scene—landscapes, street scenes, and vernacular architecture—many of which exhibit a Southern gothic quality. He painted several murals in Charleston and was active in the city's early preservation movement. He died in Woodstock.

He exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts; Art Institute of Chicago; Detroit Institute of Arts; Chicago Society of Etchers; National Academy of Design; and the American Watercolor Society. He was also a member of many organizations including the Society of American Etchers; Allied Artists of America; National Arts Club; American Watercolor Society; the Salmagundi Club, and the Woodstock Art Association. His work can be found in many notable permanent collections including the Art Institute of Chicago; Detroit Institute of Arts; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Greenville County Museum of Art, South Carolina; Morris Museum of Art, Augusta; Gibbes Museum of Art, Charleston; Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge; Cleveland Museum of Art; The Metropolitan Museum of Art; New York Public Library; and the Library of Congress.

The Johnson Collection, Spartanburg, South Carolina

Biography from Carolina Galleries - Southern Art
Alfred Heber Hutty

Alfred Hutty was born in Grand Haven, Michigan in 1877.  He came to Charleston in 1919 when he was already in his early forties and immediately cabled his wife "Come quickly. Have found heaven."  Having worked as a stained glass designer in Kansas City and at Tiffany Glass Studios in New York, Hutty had begun a long association with the Woodstock, NY art community and with Lowell Birge Harrison, who was also a mentor of fellow Charleston artist Alice R. H. Smith.

Indeed, even after he moved to Charleston, Hutty maintained a studio in Woodstock until his death in 1954.  Primarily an oil and watercolor painter, Hutty apparently did not seriously take up etching until he moved to Charleston but quickly demonstrated his complete mastery of the medium, winning awards all over the country.  All the while, he continued to paint in oils and watercolors, and also produced hundreds of pencil drawings and sketches.

Alfred Hutty was one of the founding members of the Charleston Etchers' Club.  He was active in the Footlight Player's Workshop in Charleston and painted murals for several public buildings.

During his career as an artist he exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art (1918), Art Institute of Chicago, Detroit Institute of the Arts (1923, gold), Chicago Society of Etchers (1924, medal), Salmagundi Club (1924, prize), National Academy of Design and the American Watercolor Society.

Public collections that include Alfred Hutty:
Art Institute of Chicago
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Greenville County Museum of Art
Morris Museum of Art
Gibbes Museum of Art
British Museum
Fogg Museum of Art
New York Public Library
Cleveland Museum of Art
Library of Congress

His memberships include:
British Society of Graphic Artists
Society of American Etchers
Chicago Society of Etchers
California Print Makers
Prairie Print Makers
Southern Print Makers
Allied Artists of America
National Arts Club
American Watercolor Society
Salmagundi Club
Woodstock Art Association

Biography from Charleston Renaissance Gallery
Biography photo for Alfred Hutty

A central figure in the Charleston Renaissance, Alfred Hutty was born in Grand Haven, Michigan. He grew up in Kansas City and Leavenworth, Kansas, earning an art scholarship at the age of fifteen. He worked as a stained glass designer in Kansas City and St. Louis, where he attended the St. Louis School of Art. Inspired by the landscape art of Birge Harrison, Hutty determined to devote himself to painting and, in 1907, traveled to Woodstock, New York to study under Harrison. He established himself as a regular resident of the Art Students League summer art colony there. During this time, he continued design and production of stained glass for Tiffany Studios in New York City.

Hutty first visited Charleston in 1919, looking for a place to spend the winter, when he famously wired his wife, back in Woodstock: "Come quickly, have found heaven." He returned to the city from 1920 to 1924 to teach at the school of the Gibbes Museum and thereafter divided his time seasonally between homes and studios in Charleston and Woodstock.

In Charleston, he embraced the friendship, collaboration, and activities of local printmakers and other cultural leaders, such as John Bennett and DuBose Heyward, whose 1936 novel, Lost Morning, features an artist modeled after Hutty.   He began etching in Charleston in 1921 and was a founding member of the Etchers' Club in 1923. Hutty earned a national reputation as a printmaker in the 1920s and the following decades.

Hutty's work reveals his varied artistic roots in the social realism of the Midwest, as well as the picturesque landscape traditions of Woodstock and Charleston. He produced numerous street views of Charleston's high-style and vernacular architecture.

This essay is copyrighted by the Charleston Renaissance Gallery and may not be reproduced or transmitted without written permission from Hicklin Galleries, LLC.

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About  Alfred Hutty

Born:  1877 - Grand Haven, Michigan
Died:   1954 - Woodstock, New York
Known for:  street-landscape and genre painting, etching

Essays referring to
Alfred Hutty

Impressionists Pre 1940