(1869 - 1964)
Charles Morris Young was active/lived in Pennsylvania, Maine. Charles Young is known for painter-seasonal landscape, marine, etcher, sporting themes.
Biography from the Archives of askART
A leading landscape painter of the early 20th Century, Charles Morris
Young had his widespread reputation slip away likely because he painted
such a variety of subjects that he was not easily categorized.
Also, he lived in Pennsylvania where the painters who retained the most
attention in art-history books worked in Bucks County, a place he
merely visited but did not spent much time. Only one painting, Farmhouse in Winter, survives from his time in New Hope in Bucks County.
Biography from Newman Galleries
Young was born in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania to a family that lived on a
farm near the Cemetery Ridge battlefield. The family was poor but
cultured, and the father's interest in art history, especially a book
on John Constable in his father's library, stimulated the adolescent
Charles Young. He spent much time sketching and painting in the
environs of Gettysburg. To make money, he also carved walking
sticks for tourists and sold them as well as watercolor scenes he did
of the Civil War battlefields. He could not afford art school as
a young man, but spent much time in Baltimore, looking at the Walters
Collection, which is now the Walters Art Museum.
By 1891, Young had enough money to enroll in the Pennsylvania Academy
of the Fine Arts and studied with Robert Vonnoh and Thomas Anshutz, two
of the Academy's most prominent teachers. That year, Young also
began exhibiting at the annual exhibitions of the Academy, largely
seasonal, atmospheric landscapes of Gettysburg, many of them bucolic
scenes with cattle suggestive of Barbizon School painting. He was
also influenced by animalier Henry Singlewood Bisbing, whose work Young
saw at Academy exhibitions. In 1894, Young received the Charles
Toppan Prize for the most promising student work at the Academy, and he
joined a group of artists who met regularly at the studios of Charles
Grafly and Robert Henri.
In 1896, Young joined the faculty of the Philadelphia School of Design
for Women and remained a student at the Academy. The next year,
he went to Europe, and enrolled at the Academie Colarossi in
Paris. However, he did not have much interest in the formal
academic training and spent much of his time learning from studio
visits to famous painters. He became a good friend of another
American student, Frederick Frieseke, and they traveled to the
Charles Young married Eliza Middleton Coxe, a student at the
Pennsylvania Academy, in the early 1903, and they went to Paris where
Eliza enrolled in the Academie Colarossi and Young prepared exhibition
paintings for the 1904 St. Louis Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
At the suggestion of Mary Cassatt, American painter living in Paris,
the couple went to Giverny, the home of impressionist Claude Monet, and
spent the summer of 1905 living there. The next year they
returned to Giverny after spending the winter in Paris and renewing the
friendship with Frieseke who was also at Giverny.
In 1905, the Youngs returned to Pennsylvania and lived in a home on
land of Eliza's family at Jenkintown. At this time, Young
"adopted a sun-drenched impressionist palette and light, quick
brushwork" and also did winter scenes "of snow, and sunshine and frosty
crystalline air." (166) Young painted in various New England
locations including Cos Cob, Falls Village, and Old Lyme,
Connecticut. Between 1906 and 1947, he had a series of solo
exhibitions including at the Copley Gallery in Boston in 1911. In
1926, he was awarded the Stotesbury Prize from the Pennsylvania Academy
for the best group of pictures at the 1926 annual exhibition.
The Youngs began spending a part of every summer in Maine beginning
1914, settling in Southwest Harbor where he produced dozens of
"beautiful scenes of Somes Sound, southwest Harbor, and the Atlantic
Ocean." (167). The tone of these paintings was more sombre than
his earlier American impressionist work. In 1917, the couple
moved to Radnor, Pennsylvania, where they established the home where
they lived most of each year until their deaths, Eliza in 1950 and he
in 1964 at age ninety-five.
later years, Young spent much time retouching canvases. He also took up
the painting of the sporting subjects of fishing and golf. After
his wife's death, Charles Young remained in their Radnor home, and had
a devastating fire that destroyed more than 300 of his
paintings. Tragically, many of them had been returned to
the home for the filming by their son, Christopher Young, of a film
biography of his father. Titled Nature Is My Mistress, the film is the only visual record of many of those paintings that were destroyed.
Charles Teaze Clark, "Charles Morris Young", The Magazine Antiques, November 2005, pp. 162-169
Philadelphia artist, Charles Morris Young, was an acclaimed landscape
painter and printmaker. Born in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania in 1869,
Young began his study of art with Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania
Academy of the Fine Arts, and then attended the Academie Colarossi in
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Among the many prizes and honors that the artist was
awarded were the Toppan Prize from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine
Arts; an Honorable Mention from the Carnegie Institute in 1910; a
silver medal from the Buenos Aries Exposition of 1910; a gold medal
from the Panama-Pacific Exposition of 1915; a gold medal from
Amsterdam, Holland in 1929; and the Jennie Sesnan gold medal from the
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.
Young was a member of
the Philadelphia Art Club and an associate of the National Academy of
Design. His paintings are included in the collections of the
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts; the Corcoran Gallery; the Boston Art
Club; the St. Louis Art Club, the Budapest National Gallery; the
National Gallery in Santiago, Chile; the Albright Art Gallery; the
Rochester Art Gallery; the Reading Art Museum; and the Philadelphia
Museum of Art.
Charles Morris Young continued to paint in his studio in Radnor, Pennsylvania, until his death at the age of 95 in 1964.
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