(1881 - 1957)
Bernard Gussow was active/lived in New York, New Jersey / Russian Federation. Bernard Gussow is known for genre, landscape, figure, interior paintings.
Russian-born Gussow (born 2 January 1881) was trained at both the Art Students League and the National Academy of Design; in addition he studied under Bonnat at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. His first claim to fame seems to have been exhibiting two works at the Armory Show in 1913 (Movement and Figures). Gussow exhibited at the Society of Independent Artists between 1917 and 1934 and at Salons of America in the 1930s. By the mid 1930s Gussow stopped exhibiting but was as regular as clockwork up until then. By that time, he had moved from abstract compositions to recognizable urban subjects. The Whitney Museum of American Art, for example, has his Subway Stairs. The Barnes Foundation and the Museum of Modern Art also have his paintings. Gussow even participated in the Federal Art Project, contributing a post office mural (Recreation Hours) in East Rochester, NY. The figures in this painting might owe something to his contemporary Max Weber, who used similar simplified, mask-like faces. Or he may have gone directly to the Blue Rider Group or German Expressionists such as Franz Marc or Erich Heckel who were interested in "primitive" figures in landscapes. Weber also painted similar gently curving, cylindrical trees.
Submitted by Michael Preston Worley, Ph.D.
R.H. Love Galleries, Chicago
Painter and lithographer Bernard Gussow was born in Russia in 1881, and died in New York City in 1957. From 1912, he was a teacher at the Newark, New Jersey School of Fine and Industrial Art, and he was active in the New York modernist artist scene, exhibiting at the landmark Armory Show of 1913 and with the Society of Independent Artists. He also showed his work during the 1930s and 1940s.
Gussow's watercolor Backyard Scene, c.1940, is representational, with bright color generally applied in patches and areas somewhat related to Paul Cezanne.
He and sculptor Jacob Epstein, also of Russian parentage, were friends. Gussow's art training included classes at the Art Students League, the National Academy of Design and the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris.
Peter Hastings Falk (Editor), Who Was Who in American Art