(1891 - 1948)
George Copeland Ault was active/lived in New York, Ohio / England. George Ault is known for precisionist architectural views and still-life painting.
Biography from the Archives of askART
A precisionist and surrealist painter, especially noted for nocturnes,
George Ault had the ability to depict lonely, everyday beauty of the
world in a moment of absolute stillness. He also experimented
with more traditional styles of realism, but was relatively untouched
by modernist abstraction. His paintings were based on what he saw
around him, many of them architectural subjects, and rendered in a
quietly controlled manner.
Biography from The Caldwell Gallery
He was born in Cleveland, Ohio, and
in 1899 moved to London with his family and attended the Slade School
and St. John's Wood Art School. He traveled extensively on the
Continent, which exposed him to avant-garde art movements. In
1911, he returned to the United States, and by 1937 was settled in
Woodstock, New York where he freely explored his passion for the play
of light at a favorite spot called Russell's Corners. He did
numerous scenes that are almost entirely black, illuminated by a light
high on an electrical pole.
Although his childhood had been a
happy one, from his mid 20s, he experienced mounting tragedy. His
family lost their fortune; his mother died in a mental hospital; all
three of his brothers committed suicide; he had a losing battle with
alcoholism; and he lost his eyesight. He and his wife lived a
reclusive, impoverished existence in Woodstock, without electricity or
plumbing and his studio was exceedingly spartan. His own death in
1948 appeared to be suicide.
In his work he explored a variety
of modern styles, but about 1920 settled on architectural, urban themes
rendered carefully and geometrically, with a great sense of design and
careful paint application. The paintings had a romantic, poetic
quality, and, perhaps reflecting his own personal sadnesses, often
depicted isolated objects in spare settings as well as many nocturnes.
1946, he turned to primarily abstract subjects, a world of random
shapes and imaginary landscapes. He was a great admirer of Giorgio de
Chirico, Italian surrealist, and Ault's later work showed more and more
of this influence.
Matthew Baigell, Dictionary of American Art, p. 20
This biography is provided by The Caldwell Gallery.
Biography from The Columbus Museum of Art, Georgia
A descendant of French Huguenots and ancestors of the American Revolution, George Copeland Ault was born in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1891. When he was eight, Ault moved with his family moved to London, England, where his father opened a printing company and thus introduced American printing techniques and American inks to Britain.
Interested in art, Ault undertook a comprehensive study of drawing and painting at a variety of London's creative institutions, including University College, the Slade School, London University, and St. John's Wood Art School. He supplemented this formal training with visits to art museums in London and Paris where he could copy the work of recognized masters. In 1911, at the age of twenty, Ault returned to the States. He moved around New York and New Jersey until 1937, when he finally settled in the rural community of Woodstock, New York. He remained there until his accidental death by drowning in 1948.
Throughout his life, Ault devoted himself to artistic production in oil, watercolor, and drawing. Preferring familiar subjects from the local landscape, Ault's work firmly roots itself in the American scene. However, his Cubist-Realist technique of portraying the natural world according to the underlying geometry of its forms shows an influence of European Modernism.
Ault's early pictures were first exhibited at St. John's Wood Art School in 1908. The first American showing of his mature work occurred in New York in 1920, where the artist's individual approach earned positive attention. This trend continued, and the following year, he was honored by the Society of Independent Artists, who selected his work "A New York Skyline" for their show entitled "Our Choice of Independents." In his review of the exhibition, critic C. Lewis Hind commented that participating artists "promised that there was a future of American art away from the stereotype of the moribund academic productions of the day."1
"Provincetown Waterfront" depicts familiar elements from Ault's life in the summer community of Massachusetts. But rather than merely replicating an observation of houses along the shore, this watercolor reduces the scene to its primary elements, presenting only "the simple forms of which it was composed [and] leaving out all unessential detail."2
1 Quoted in a two-page typed information sheet given to the Frick Library by Milch Gallery on November 30, 1967, p. 1.
2 George C. Ault, quoted in a one-page information sheet, A Retrospective Exhibition: George C. Ault, Charlotte, N.C., The Mint Museum of Art, October 15 - November 15, 1950.
George Copeland Ault was born in Cleveland, Ohio in 1891 and at age
eight, moved to London, England where his family opened a
printing shop and introduced American inks and printing techniques to
London. It is during this time that Ault received training at the
Slade School of Art and St. John's Wood School of Art before returning
to America in 1911.
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Although Ault is often grouped with the Precisionist movement, he did
not follow in their pattern of idealizing modern life. Instead,
Ault's art is a combination of Cubism, Surrealism, and American folk
art that accurately portrays the American scene. In addition, his
style shows an influence of European Modernism because of the
The 1920s were an emotionally turbulent time in the life of Ault: his
parents' deaths and suicides of three of his brothers contributed to
his reclusive behavior. In 1937, Ault moved to Woodstock, New
York hoping to make a new start. This move failed and he became
even more depressed, leading to his suicide in 1948.
Submitted by Staff, Columbus Museum
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