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Max Herman Pechstein

 (1881 - 1955)
Max Herman Pechstein was active/lived in Germany, France.  Max Pechstein is known for expressionist still life, genre, figure and landscape painting, printmaking.

Biography  
Max Herman Pechstein

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Biography from the Archives of askART

Although Pechstein's career was primarily in Germany, he participated in several exhibitions in the United States.  His painting, Calla Lilies, received the prize of $500.00 from the Garden Club of Allegheny County at the 28th Carnegie International Exhibition at the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh, October 13 to December 4th, 1927.  He entered East Sea Strand, a modernist coastal scene, in the 19th International Exhibition of Watercolors at the Art Institute of Chicago, April 25th to May 26th, 1940.  From November 28, 1947 to January 4, 1948, his oil on canvas painting, The Circus, dated 1922 was on exhibit at the Baltimore Museum of Art.


Source:
The Bakkom Collection, St. Paul, Minnesota.  Courtesy of Matthew Bakkom


Biography from Auctionata
Hermann Max Pechstein (1881-1955) Originally from Zwickau, Hermann Max Pechstein was one of the main representatives of German Expressionism and temporary member of the ‘Brücke’ (bridge). He mainly created figural motifs, some with exotic influence, still lives and landscapes. His landscapes are often influenced by the landscape of Pomerania and the Curonian Spit, where Pechstein had a lasting inspiring effect on the Artists' Colony Nidden in the years from 1909 to 1939. Due to an encounter with Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Erich Heckel, he joined the association of artists ‘Brücke’ in 1906 as the only academic. In 1908, Pechstein moved to Berlin. In the same year, he became a member of the ‘Berlin Secession’; in 1910, he was a co-founder and president of the ‘New Secession’. He was excluded from the 'Bridge' association in 1911, due to his simultaneous participation in the ‘Berlin Secession’. After travelling to the South Pacific, Pechstein became a member and professor of the Prussian Academy of Arts in 1923. During the Third Reich, his works were classified as ‘degenerate’ and prohibited at exhibitions. After the Second World War, Pechstein became a professor at the Berlin University of the Arts. In 1952, he was eventually awarded the Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. Shortly before his death in 1955, Pechstein still took part at the documenta I in Kassel. Today, Pechstein's works can be found in many museums, including the MOMA in New York, the Brücke Museum in Berlin, the State Museums of Berlin, the Albertina in Vienna and the Art Institute of Chicago. (cbo)   


Biography from J Levine Auction & Appraisal LLC
Max Pechstein is known for expressionist still life, genre, figure and landscape painting.  He played a crucial role in the breakthrough of Expressionism.

He was the first Expressionist artist to join the venerable ranks of the Prussian Art Academy in Belin.  Pechstein's works were included in exhibitions next to artworks by other modern artists such as Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Kirchner.


Biography from Galerie St. Etienne
Hermann Max Pechstein was born in Eckerback, Germany, and studied at the School of Applied Arts and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Dresden.  In 1905, he was awarded the Saxon State Prize for painting.  The following year, he met Erich Heckel and joined the Die Brücke group in Dresden. 

Pechstein traveled in 1908 to Paris, where he met the Fauve artists and exhibited with the Société Anonyme.  In 1909, Pechstein joined the Berlin Sezession and exhibited with them the same year.  However, after they rejected his works (and those of other avant-garde artists) in 1910, he resigned.  He then helped found the Neue Sezession with George Tappert and became its first president.  Pechstein exhibited with the Neue Sezession, the Blaue Reiter and published in Der Sturm between 1910 and 1912.

Pechstein traveled to the German occupied Palau Islands in the South Pacific in 1914, but was forced to leave when the Japanese invaded.  On his return journey he was imprisoned by the Japanese at Nagasaki.  After his release in 1915, Pechstein traveled through Asia and to the USA.  Upon his return to Germany that same year, he was drafted and sent to the Western Front.  He resumed his life in Berlin following his discharge in 1917.

After the war, Pechstein became one of the most active of the politicized Expressionist artists.  During the early days of the Weimar Republic, he founded the Novembergruppe (along with Tappert, Klein and others), became a member of the Arbeitsrat für Kunst, and produced posters and illustrations for the Werbedienst (Publicity Office) of the provisional government.  He exhibited in the first Novembergruppe exhibition in 1919 and contributed an essay, Was Wir Wollen (What We Want) to the manifesto An Alle Künstler.  Pechstein joined the Liga für Menschenrechte und Sozialism (League for Human Rights and Socialism), supported the International Arbeiterhilfe and the Gesellschaft der Freunde des neuen Russia (Association of Friends of the New Russia), wrote for the socialist press and contributed illustrations to many radical journals.

During the 1920's he exhibited widely, and in 1932 he received the State Prize of the German Government.  Pechstein was forbidden by the National Socialists to exhibit in Germany after 1933, and he was dismissed from his teaching position.  In 1937 his works were confiscated by the Nazi's and labeled "degenerate," and six of his paintings were included in the "Degenerate Art" exhibition.  During the final years of the Second World War, Pechstein was drafted into a labor detail and held in captivity in Russia . Upon his release in 1945 he returned to Berlin, where he received a teaching post at the Berlin College of Free Arts.


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About  Max Herman Pechstein

Born:  1881 - Zwickau, Germany
Died:   1955 - Berlin, Germany
Known for:  expressionist still life, genre, figure and landscape painting, printmaking