(1863/64 - 1946)
Cornelius (Haly) Hankins was active/lived in Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia. Cornelius Hankins is known for portrait, landscape and still life painting, teaching.
Biography from Williams American Art Galleries
Cornelius Hankins, landscape, portrait and still-life painter, was born
around 1864 in Guntown, Mississippi to Reverend Edward Lockee Hankins
and Annie Mary McFadden. The sixth of eight children, he was deaf
until the age of eight as a result of smallpox. In his early
twenties, he studied in Nashville with Professor E.M. Gardner who
founded the Nashville Art Association and had close ties with Watkins
School of Design.
Biography from Stanford Fine Art
While studying in Nashville, Hankins taught art at Miss Clark's Select
School for Girls in nearby Rutherford County. In the late 1890s,
he spent a few years teaching and working in Richmond, Virginia.
While there, he was commissioned to paint portraits of twelve
Confederate generals from photos for Lee Camp, now Battle Abbey.
In 1898, he married fellow artist Sophia Maude McGhee (1875-1968) who
specialized in china paintings, miniatures and watercolors. He
was reacquainted with Tennessee in 1901 when the Tennessee General
Assembly commissioned him to paint a portrait of Robert E. Lee.
Hankins and his wife moved to Nashville in 1904. For a while he was
associated with George W. Chambers of the Nashville School of
Art. Beginning in 1910, he spent a couple years in Europe
studying the work of prominent European artists. A few years
after his return to the United States, in 1915, he returned to Richmond
to paint a view of the state capitol. However, painting portraits
for the Shelby Court House in Virginia provided more money.
talent is best illustrated in his delicate bucolic landscapes and
captivating still lifes. The influence of his Impressionist
teacher Chase is evident in Hankins' thematic approach to his still
lifes. His dark, vivid paintings exude an air of mystery
reminiscent of the eighteenth century French artist
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin. Hankins' careful approach and dramatic
lighting adds to the mystifying atmosphere surrounding his
paintings. While his still lifes best exemplify his talent,
Hankins earned the most recognition and financial success from his
portraits. Although his life-size portraits were often
disproportional, he received numerous commissions from state
governments and painted over a thousand portraits. At his death,
in 1946, county courthouses and capitol buildings all over the south
housed examples of his work.
With Professor E.M. Gardner, Nashville
With William M. Chase, New York School of Fine Arts
New York School of Fine Art
Richmond Art Club (first three exhibitions)
Fine Arts Center at Cheekwood, 1972 (retrospective)
Nashville Artist Guild Gallery, 1980
Virginia Historical Society
Tennessee State Museum
Old Capitol Museum of Mississippi History
Cheekwood Museum of Art and Botanical Garden
Tennessee State Capitol (nine portraits)
Mississippi State Capitol (two portraits)
Various county courthouses in the South
Louisiana State Capitol (one portrait)
Alabama State Capitol (six portraits)
_____, "Cornelius and Maude Hankins," (exhibition catalog from
_____, "Nashville Artist/Century II," (exhibition catalog from the
Nashville Artist Guild Gallery)
Falk (ed.), Who Was Who in American Art
Gerdts, Art Across America
Kelly, Landscape and Genre Painting in Tennessee, 1810-1985
Pennington, Gracious Plenty, American Still-Life Art from Southern
Wright, Artists in Virginia before 1900
Cornelius Hankins was born on July 12, 1863, near Guntown, Itawamba County, Mississippi, the sixth of eight children of Reverend Edward Lockee Hankins and Annie Mary (McFadden) Hankins. He contracted smallpox as a boy after his mother cared for Confederate soldiers. As a result, he was deaf until he was eight years old and had to be tutored at home.
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In 1883 Hankins spent time in Nashville studying with Professor E. M. Gardner. About this time he taught art at Mrs. Creek's (or Miss Clark's) Select School for Girls in Eagleville, Rutherford County, Tennessee. Later he studied in St. Louis with Robert Henri, leader of the Ashcan school, and with William Merritt Chase in New York.
From 1894-99 Hankins worked and taught in Richmond, Virginia, where he exhibited at the first three exhibitions of the Art Club of Richmond. In 1898 he married Sophia Maude McGehee (1875-1968), an artist who specialized in china painting, miniatures and watercolors.
In Richmond, Hankins was commissioned to paint posthumous portraits of twelve Confederate generals from photographs for Lee Camp, now called Battle Abbey. In 1901 he was commissioned by the Tennessee General Assembly to paint a full Length portrait of Robert E. Lee. About 1904, Hankins and his wife moved to Nashville.
For a time Hankins was associated with George W. Chambers of the Nashville School of Art. He painted still lifes and landscapes, especially Tennessee wheatfields. From 1910 to 1912 he was in Europe. In 1915 he returned to Richmond to paint a view of the State Capitol, but his bread-and-butter came from portraits that were painted for the Shelby Court House.
Among prominent Tennesseans he painted were Generals Cheatham and Forrest, Admiral Gleaves, Senator Bate, and Governors Albert Roberts and Benton McMillan. Although his life-size portraits are generally out of proportion, he received commissions from many states and at the time of his death nine of his portraits were hanging in the Tennessee State Capitol, six Alabama Capitol, two in the Mississippi Capitol, and one in the Louisiana State Capital.
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