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Franz Marc

 (1880 - 1916)
Franz Marc was active/lived in Germany, Austria.  Franz Marc is known for abstract painting-landscape, animals.

Franz Marc

    MAHRK  speaker-click to hear pronunciation  click to hear

Biography from the Archives of askART

Biography photo for Franz Marc
Franz Marc was born in Munich, Germany in 1880. His father was a successful Munich landscape and genre artist who influenced him strongly. Marc studied at the Munich Academy. He left there for Paris, then went home full of the doings of the Fauves and Cubists. In 1911 he joined with Klee and Kandinsky to found a group called the Blue Rider (Blaue Reiter). Their members aspired to nothing less than painting the essence of things. They put feeling first, faithfulness to nature or to formal conventions last. They were the clear sweet dawn of German expressionism. a school that later languished from too much heaviness, bitterness and swagger.

For Marc, as for his friend and mentor, Kandinsky, implementation of new art forms was indeed a religious crusade. He saw pure abstract art as truth and worked toward it with the same fervor he had once directed toward the study of theology. Marc loathed conflict of any kind. Man therefore revolted him, and animals he painted with strong, elaborately rhythmical compositions. He transformed their animality with flashing colors; a horse might be sky blue or fire red.

Marc's career ended abruptly with his conscription in 1914. He died in 1916 in Verdun.

Written and submitted by Jean Ershler Schatz, artist and researcher from Laguna Woods, California.

Sources include:
Time Magazine, January 2, 1956
John Dornberg in ARTnews, December 1987
Master Paintings from the Phillips Collection.

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About  Franz Marc

Born:  1880 - Munich, Germany
Died:   1916 - Verdun, Austria
Known for:  abstract painting-landscape, animals