(1810 - 1865)
Constant Troyon was active/lived in France. Constant Troyon is known for Barbizon School painting-landscapes.
Biography from Auctionata
Constant Troyon was born in Sevres, France in 1810. He was a French landscape and animal painter who was associated with the famous Barbizon school.
Biography from Modern Art Dealers
Troyon started as porcelain painter at the manufacture of his hometown Sèvres. His farther worked in the factory as well, and the artist had his first painting lessons at this time.
Troyon made contact with the painters of Barbizon school, among them, Théodore Rousseau, the founder of the artist colony. The painters of Barbizon supported a renewal of the view of nature, which had an important influence on Troyon and his work. The artist transferred the liberated view of nature on the depiction of animals and became an important animal painter in his time.
Works of the artist are in the collections of the following famous museums: Louvre, Paris; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam; Metropolitan Museum, New York; Ermitage in Sankt Petersburg.
Constant Troyon passed away in Paris France in 1865.
Constant Troyon established himself as one of the most prominent
members of the Barbizon School, a loosely associated group of artists
working in the small village of Barbizon, France, on the edge of the
Forest at Fontainebleau. His work took on international
dimensions through exhibitions abroad, more so than any other artist
connected to this group. His paintings were initially dedicated
to the realistic depiction of the landscape, but after a decisive
journey to Holland in 1847, he expanded his oeuvre and gained
international renown by becoming an "animalier," a professional animal
painter. Troyon effectively used his previous experience as a
landscape painter to situate his impressive representations of animals
in their natural environment.
Biography from Schiller & Bodo European Paintings
Constantin Troyon, called
Constant, was born August 28, 1810 in Sèvres, a town with a
well-established porcelain tradition spanning several centuries.
Both his father, a porcelain painter, and his mother, a burnisher,
worked at the porcelain factory, and several accounts mention that
Constant was born inside the manufactory itself, though he most likely
just lived next door. When he was just seven, and his mother was
working as a burnisher at the porcelain factory, he began studying
under Riocreux, Troyon's godfather and director of the factory, who
would later also take on Troyon. He was not the most diligent student,
however, and preferred to wander outdoors rather than sit for official
lessons. Fittingly, he began his early career as a painter in the
porcelain factory and would continue this until the late 1830's, at
which point he became a professional landscape painter.
spent most of his later years in Normandy, the Touraine, and the
environs of Paris. He died on March 20th, 1865 after suffering a
stroke that led to paralysis and diminished his intellectual capacity.
Troyon was the first among the Barbizon artists to pass away; the Salon
of 1866 paid tribute to his career.
Constant Troyon was born August 28, 1810 in Sevres, where both of his parencts were employed in The Sevres Porcelain Factory. He was trained by Riocreux, who was in charge of the porcelain museum at the factory, and worked as a painter on porcelain. He drew and painted from nature in his spare time. In about 1824 he met Diaz, who became a close friend.
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He made his debut at the Salon with three conventional landscapes and continued to work as a porcelain decorator. He painted in Sologne, in Brittany and with Jules Dupre in 1843, in the Landes. In the same year he met Rousseau and went to work in Barbizon, where he received his true introduction to landscape painting. Troyon exhibited views of the Forest of Fontainebleau at the Salons of 1844, 1846, and 1848. The decisive moment of his career came in 1847 during a visit to Holland, when he saw the work of Cuyp and Potter for the first time. He began to introduce domestic animals into his own pictures and became as a result a famous animal painter.
He continued to paint landscapes, working mainly in Normandy, and the area of Tours, also visiting England and Tours and returning occasionally to the Barbizon region. In 1859 he advised the young Monet to work out of doors. He gained an international reputation via many exhibitions of his work, which were held in collections abroad, and he was swamped with commissions. In his last years he painted seascapes on the Normandy coast; it was during this period that Boudin worked for him. Constant Troyon died March 20, 1865 in Paris at the age of fifty-five.
Reprinted from: The Barbizon School and 19th Century French Landscape Painting.
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