Charles Emile Jacque
(1813 - 1894)
Charles Emile Jacque was active/lived in France. Charles Jacque is known for bucolic subject painting, engraving.
Charles Emile Jacque
Biography from US Auction House
Charles Emil Jacques (French, 1813-1894) was heavily influenced by
17th-Century Dutch landscape traditions, but also reflected the
Barbizon school and was associated with Theodore Rousseau and Jean
Biography from Schiller & Bodo European Paintings
Charles Jacque was among the first generation of painters to leave the city for the forest of Fontainebleau, where helped to establish the Barbizon School. Also a founding and influential member of the "Men of 1830" (also called l'Ecole francaise du paysage), a loose movement of artists who, spurred on by the Revolution of 1830, sought out new directions in landscape painting. His strong, realistic, yet sensitive depictions of shepherds and their flocks form one of the most cohesive and important bodies of work produced by the movement.
Biography from Anderson Galleries, Inc.
Born in 1813 in Paris, Jacque began his training in etching rather than painting, as an apprentice to a map engraver. In this area, Jacque was unsurpassed among his colleagues in the Barbizon school. After military service, he went to England, where he worked as an engraver for La Charivari. Returning to France after two years abroad, he made his Salon debut in 1833 and regularly contributed paintings every year until 1870. Winning medals for both etching and painting, he was awarded the Legion d'honneur in 1867.
During the 1840s, he and his friend, Jean-Francois Millet moved to the village of Barbizon where they felt they could more realistically portray nature. Jacque bought a house there and, influenced by Diaz's technique and Millet's themes, found his inspiration in hen-houses, pigsties and flocks of sheep at pasture. He was also involved in non-artistic activities, such as land speculation and poultry breeding, about which he wrote a book, Le Poulailler, monographie des poules indigences et exotiques, published in 1848. He left Barbizon in 1854 and continued to paint in the outskirts of Paris until he died on May 7, 1894.
Amsterdam, Stedelijk; Baltimore Museum of Art; Boston, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum; Budapest, Museum of Fine Art.; Cincinnati Museum of Fine Art; Edinburgh, National Gallery of Scotland; Glasgow Museum of Art; Kansas City, MO, Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art; Milwaukee, Layton Art Gallery; Minneapolis Institute of Arts; Muncie, IN, Ball State University Art Gallery; New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art & Brooklyn Museum; Northampton, MA, Smith College Museum of Art; Oxford, England, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford University; Philadelphia Museum of Art, John G. Johnson Collection; Museum of Quebec; Saint Petersburg, Hermitage Museum; Seattle, Henry Art Gallery; Southampton Art Gallery, England; Williamstown, MA, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute; Paris, Louvre, Musée d'Orsay; The Hague, Netherlands; Reims Musée des Beaux-Arts;
Fanica, Pierre-Olivier. Charles Jacque, 1813-1894, Graveur original et peintre animalier. Art Bizon, Montigny-sur-Loing, 1995.
Herbert, Robert. Barbizon Revisited. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1962.
Jones, Kimberly A. In the Forest of Fontainebleau. National Gallery of Art, Washington and Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2008.
Charles Jacque was a primary and influential member of the Barbizon
School or "Men of 1830". His strong, realistic yet sensitive
depiction of shepherds and their flocks form one of the most cohesive
and important bodies of work produced by the movement.
Biography from Odon Wagner Gallery
Born in Paris, Jacque began his training, not in painting but in
etching, as an apprentice to a map engraver. In this area, Jacque
was unsurpassed among his colleagues in the Barbizon School.
After military service, he went to England where he worked as an
engraver for La Charivari. Returning to France after two years
abroad, he made his Salon debut in 1833 and regularly contributed
paintings every year until 1870. Winning medals for both etching
and painting, he was awarded the Legion d'honneur in 1867.
the 1840s, he and his friend Jean Millet moved to the village of
Barbizon, where they felt they could more realistically portray
nature. He was also involved in non-artistic activities, such as
land speculation and poultry breeding (about which he wrote a book, Le Poulailler, monographie des poules indigences et exotiques,
published in 1848), which kept him from fully devoting his life to
art. However, even with his outside interests, Jacque continued
to produce a great many works in the two mediums of painting and
Employing a new and more vigorous style helped make him a popular
artist with many patrons in the Lowlands, the British Isles and the
Hermitage Museum, Leningrad
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston, MA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, CA
Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA
In 1830, following a difficult childhood, Charles Jacque was
apprenticed at the age of seventeen to an engraver of maps and learned
the technique of dry point. That same year, he produced his first
etching, a copy of a head after Rembrandt. Disappointed by his
apprenticeship, he enlisted in the army from 1831 to 1836. During
his military service he made some sketches and drawings, which he later
tried to have published, and he is reputed to have submitted two works
to the Salon of 1833 in Paris.
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In 1838, after a two-year stay in
London, where he is known to have made some woodcuts illustrating the
works of Shakespeare, Jacque returned to France with a solid reputation
as a printmaker. He made frequent trips to Burgundy where his
parents had settled in 1830; rural landscapes, farm interiors and
animals became his favorite subjects.
Although well-known as
an engraver, from 1845 Jacque turned more and more to painting.
It was at about this period that he discovered Barbizon and its
surroundings. Enchanted, he settled there in 1849 with his friend
Millet. Painting almost exclusively in the environs of
Fontainebleau, Jacque made increasing numbers of animal studies at
local farms, and became known for his bucolic subjects, such as
henhouses, pigsties and flocks of sheep in pasture.
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