Ferdinand Loyen du Puigaudeau
(1864 - 1930)
Ferdinand Loyen du Puigaudeau was active/lived in France. Ferdinand du Puigaudeau is known for luminous landscape painting.
Ferdinand Loyen du Puigaudeau
Biography from Schiller & Bodo European Paintings
Biography from Daphne Alazraki Fine Art
Ferdinand du Puigadeau was born in 1864 in Nantes. He studied without a master, traveling instead to Rome, Venice and Florence early in his life. He came back to France in 1888 to travel then to Pont-Aven, where he encountered Paul Gauguin.
He later journeyed to Africa, Germany and Switzerland, and obtained a scholarship to visit Sweden. He returned again to Bretagne, where he stayed and worked for the next 30 years. It was there that he came to know and work with Degas, Monet and Renoir.
Works by Puigaudeau are housed in important collections throughout France, including several in the Museé de Nantes, the artist's native town.
Beginning in the 1850s, the religious traditions, mystical practices and culture of Pont-Aven gave birth to a new pictorial style in French painting. By the 1880s, numerous artists of a modern tendency worked in the region and adopted vivid color use and created compositions that utilized simplified space with sharply defined forms, influenced by a new interest in Japanese art. Puigaudeau was part of this colony and hence contributed to the birth of the "Pont-Aven School." He developed close relationships with Paul Gauguin, Edgar Degas, Theo van Rysselberghe, James Ensor and Emile Bernard. Degas often affectionately referred to Puigaudeau as the l'ermit of Kervaudu (a town within the Pont-Aven region), and the two painters exchanged letters throughout their lives.
Puigaudeau's distinctive impressionistic style is evident in his variations of color and depictions of light. Throughout his career, Puigaudeau maintained a systematic search for vivid, luminous color. Following this interest, he chose subjects that would allow him to play with the extremes of color and light: sunsets, fireworks, candlelight, and the transitory effects of flickering sun or moonlight on water. In each case, the fleeting effects of light and color are his true subject. Nighttime seascapes were typical of his work due to his fascination with the nocturnal transparency of light in particular. Still, these nocturnal scenes are never dark. Puigaudeau claimed to believe in "color above all else," and his nighttime scenes sparkle with vivid shades of blue, green, gold, and red.
Madrid, Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum; Morlaix, Musée Jacobins; Nantes, Musée des Beaux-Arts; Quimper, Musée des Beaux-Arts; Musée Saint Nazaire;
Ferdinand du Puigaudeau was born in April 4, 1864 in Nantes. After the divorce of his parents, he was raised from the age of fourteen by his maternal uncle Count Chateaubriand, who encouraged his artistic leanings.
Biography from Anderson Galleries, Inc.
He studied from the age of nineteen in Italy, mainly in Rome, and also in Belgium. In 1886, like many young artists, du Puigaudeau settled in Pont Aven, the small Breton village that had become a popular destination for aspiring artists. It was here that he met Paul Gauguin, with whom he struck up an immediate and lasting friendship. Gauguin nicknamed him Piccolo and invited him to accompany him on his first trip to the South Seas in1887.
Puigaudeau held his first solo exhibition in 1903 at the Galeries des Artistes Modernes in Paris and counted Edgar Degas amongst his patrons and was represented by the legendary dealer. From 1904, he traveled between Venice and France, finally settling permanently near Criosic. Here he led a secluded life, receiving visits from artists, and giving refuge to Laboureur and Florent Schmitt during World War I. He died on September 19, 1930.
Puigaudeau has only recently acquired greater public recognition. His initial obscurity was partly owing to his personal financial difficulties, which he experienced throughout his life, as well his inclination towards solitude, and the loss of 60 paintings during an exhibition in New York. He is best known for his scenes of village life, urban landscapes, and paintings of figures at dusk and at night.
After the divorce of his parents, Ferdinand du Puigaudeau was raised from the age of
14 by his maternal uncle Count Chateaubriand, who encouraged his
artistic leanings. He studied from the age of 19 in Italy, mainly
in Rome, and also in Belgium. From 1904, he traveled between
Venice and France, finally settling permanently near Criosic, where he
led a secluded life, receiving visits from artists and giving refuge to
Laboureur and Florent Schmitt during World War I.
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only recently acquired public recognition, partly owing to financial
difficulties which he experienced throughout his life, his inclination
towards solitude, and loss of 60 paintings during an exhibition in New
He is mainly admired for his scenes of village life, urban landscapes
and paintings of figures at dusk and at night. When so many
artist try to render daylight, Puigaudeau on the contrary focused on
the night atmosphere.
His technique involved applying color to
separate tones and brushstrokes to achieve certain effects of light,
combined with a more structured approach towards certain objects that
gives prominence to detail.
Puigaudeau took part in the
Exposition Universalle in Paris in 1900 and held his first solo
exhibition in 1903 at the Galeries des Artistes Modernes.
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