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 Hans K. Schuler  (1874 - 1951)

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Lived/Active: Maryland      Known for: allegorical figure sculpture, monument maker, painting, teaching

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Hans K. Schuler (May 25, 1874 - March 30, 1951) was a German-born American sculptor and monument maker. He was the first American sculptor ever to win the Salon Gold Medal. His works are in several important museum collections, and he also created many public monuments, mostly for locations in Maryland and in the Washington, D.C., area. For over a quarter of a century he served as president of the Maryland Institute College of Art.

Hans Schuler was born in a part of Alsace-Lorraine which was then under German sovereignty, though it is now part of France. Schuler's family emigrated to the United States while he was still a youngster.  He graduated from the Maryland Institute College of Art (MICA) in Baltimore, Maryland, having studied there at the Rinehart School of Sculpture.

He continued his artistic training in France at the Académie Julian, studying under Raoul Verlet fr:Raoul Verlet.  Schuler won the Salon Gold Medal in Paris in 1901, the first American sculptor ever to do so.  Returning to Baltimore, he built his studio at 7 East Lafayette Avenue in 1906, residing and working in Baltimore for the rest of his life.  Schuler served as president of MICA from 1925 to 1951.  His works are in the collections of museums including the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC and the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore.  His Baltimore studio is still in use as the Schuler School of Fine Arts, founded in 1959 by sculptor Hans C. Schuler (1912-1999), the son of Hans K. Schuler.  The Hans Schuler Studio and Residence was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.

Schuler's sculptures and monuments grace many public places. Among them is a statue of U.S. President James Buchanan in Meridian Hill Park in Washington, D.C.  It is the only public memorial dedicated to Buchanan.  On Baltimore's Charles Street, in the area of the main campus of Johns Hopkins University, there are also imposing monuments by Schuler honoring Johns Hopkins and Sidney Lanier.  All three of these monuments are large bronzes occupying elaborate stone placements.  Schuler's sculptures and reliefs also adorn the interiors of many public buildings.  For example, Schuler, along with sculptor J. Maxwell Miller, created a large relief panel which is located in the main concert hall at the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore.

While Hans Schuler created many public monuments, he also created extremely sensual examples of free sculpture, including a life-sized and very life-like marble nude - now at the Walters Art Museum - representing the abandoned Ariadne, writhing in sadness and longing. Below is a link to an image and auction record of another Schuler piece of this type, recently sold at Christies in London.

Other works by Schuler can be found at St. Mary's College of Maryland, Arlington National Cemetery, National Portrait Gallery, Fogg Art Museum, Peabody Institute, Johns Hopkins University, Maryland Historical Society, University of Virginia, St. John's College (Annapolis, Maryland), Louisiana State University, State University of New York, (Albany and Bronx), and in various parks in the Baltimore and Washington D.C. area. He is buried in Loudon Park National Cemetery.

Schuler was a member of the National Sculpture Society and exhibited in their 1923 exhibition.

Like many of the successful sculptors of his day, Schuler created quite a few cemetery memorials. Many of these sculptures are life-sized or even larger than life-sized bronze human figures. Often the figures sit or sprawl across the tombstones in an attitude of grief, nostalgia, pensiveness, or anguish, like fellow mourners at the grave, or ghosts sociably mingling with the living, instead of being perched neatly on pedestals. The Riggs memorial, shown at right, is a good example. The Lanier monument pictured above, while not being a cemetery sculpture, also exemplifies Schuler's knack for presenting figures in this way. Most of the cemetery pieces are located in and around Baltimore. They include:

    * Key Memorial, Cathedral Cemetery
    * Hinrich Memorial, Druid Ridge Cemetery
    * Gail Memorial, Druid Ridge Cemetery
    * Schmidt Memorial, Druid Ridge Cemetery
    * Wagner-Lawyer Memorial, Druid Ridge Cemetery
    * Coates Memorial, Druid Ridge Cemetery
    * Baetjer Memorial, Greenmount Cemetery
    * Hilken Memorial, Greenmount Cemetery
    * Maulsby Memorial, Greenmount Cemetery
    * Riggs Memorial, Greenmount Cemetery
    * Mendels Memorial, Hebrew Cemetery
    * Oppenheim Memorial, Hebrew Cemetery
    * Krug Memorial, Loudon Park Cemetery
    * Husted Memorial, Loudon Park Cemetery
    * Nitze Memorial, Loudon Park Cemetery
    * Kaiser Memorial, Loudon Park Cemetery


This biography from the Archives of AskART:
The following is from John Dorsey, art and architecture writer, former art critic of the Baltimore Sun newspaper:

Public art of Hans Schuler, Director of the American Institute in Baltimore:

Fallsway Fountain, Guilford Avenue and Biddle Street
Johns Hopkins, Johns Hopkins University
Major General Samuel Smith, Federal Hill Park
Martin Luther, Hillen Road and 33rd Streets
Pulaski, Patterson Park
Sidney Lanier, Johns Hopkins University
Untitled, Hampden Elementary School

Washington, D.C.
James Buchanan, Meridian Hill Park

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