|Biography from Papillon Gallery:|
|Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data
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Alfred Courmes was born in Bormes-les-Mimosas, France, in 1896.
He was the son of a naval officer. Courmes was educated in Monaco.
World War I, Courmes studies with Roger de La Fresnaye. (It is
believed that he was La Fresnaye’s only student.) From 1920 to 1925,
Courmes lived in Lavandou in the Provence region of France. In
1922, he exhibited at the Société Lyonaise des Beaux-Arts. Three
years later he traveled to Paris to exhibit at the Salon d’Automne,
Salon des Tuileries, and the Salon des Indépendants. In 1926, he
painted a now famous portrait of Peggy Guggenheim.
Courmes moved to Ostende, Belgium. There he befriended James
Ensor, Felix Labisse, and the well-known Belgian artist Constant
Permeke. These friendships and regular visits to museums in
Brussels and Amsterdam where he saw Classical as well as Surrealist and
Belgian Expressionist works that influenced the development of Courmes'
style over the subsequent decades.
In 1927, Courmes exhibited
his first one-man show at the Galerie Montparnasse. In 1930 he
finally moved to Paris, and in 1935, he exhibited at the prestigious
Galerie Bernheim. In 1936 he won the Prix Guillaume.
Courmes was commissioned to create the decorations for the pavilion of
Manufacture de Sévres for the 1937 l’Exposition Internationale de
Paris. That same year he exhibited at Galerie des Beaux-Arts,
In 1938, Courmes was commissioned to paint a large-scale
mural for the dining room at the French Embassy in Ottawa,
Canada. It measured thirty meters long and four meters
high. The composition consisted of two hundred and twenty five
After the liberation of France, Courmes exhibited with
the Surrealists at the Salon d’Automne; he also exhibited at the Salon
des Indépendants. In 1946, he exhibited at l’Exposition
Surréaliste de Mai with Clovis Trouille and René Magritte.
continued to exhibit regularly. He showed at the Salon de Mai in
1957, and the Biennale de San Paulo, Brazil in 1965. In 1971, he
had an exhibition titled "Les Autres” in Bordeaux. In 1972, he
participated in an exhibition at the Grand Palais, in Paris, and in
1977, he had a solo exhibition at Galerie Jean Briance in Paris.
Between 1982 and 1989, Courmes had solo exhibitions at the Musée de
Grenoble, Galerie Jean Briance, FIAC, Galerie Berggruen, Musée de
Roubaix, and the Centre Beaugourg.
In 1973, Jean-Marc Campagne
published an illustrated monograph on Courmes’ life and work.
Courmes continued to exhibit well into the 1980’s.
awarded the Chevalier de la Légion d’Honneur in 1991. His creativity
and imagination never diminished. In recent years the full extent
of his contribution to the art of the 20th century is getting
recognized. The Montreal Museum included Courmes’ work in the
1991 exhibition “The 1920’s, The Age of Metropolis.” In 1997, his
work was included in an exhibition at the Centre Georges Pompidou, in
Paris, called “Made in France 1947-1997, 50 Ans de Creation.” In
2003, the Musée Arts et Histoire in his hometown of Bormes-les-Mimosas
exhibited “Alfred Courmes et Son Pays.” This exhibition traveled
to Belgium, and was complemented by a large color catalogue.
Early in 2004 a heavily illustrated book was published on Courmes’
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