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 William Hoare  (1707 - 1792)

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Lived/Active: United Kingdom      Known for: portrait painting

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from Auction House Records.
Portrait of Ayuba Suleiman Diallo, called Job ben Solomon (1701-1773), half-length, in African dress, with the Qu'ran around his neck, in a feigned oval
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

William Hoare (1707-1792)

Born near Eye, Suffolk in 1707, eldest of the three children of John Hoare, a prosperous farmer and land agent.  The family soon moved to Berkshire and William was sent to school at Faringdon where he showed an early talent for drawing.  His father was persuaded to send him to London in the early 1720’s, where he joined the studio of Giuseppe Grisoni (1699-1769), an Italian who had come to England in 1718.  When Grisoni returned to Rome in 1728, he took Hoare with him and where Hoare shared lodgings with artist Peter Angelis (1785-1734) and sculptors Laurent Delvaux (1696-1778) and Peter Scheemakers (1691-1781), at 53 via Gregoriana.  He joined the studio of Francesco Fernandi, called Imperiali (1679-1740), a history painter, and also frequented the studios of the French Academy nearby in the Corso.  Personable and well educated, he formed lasting friendships with many young grand tourists who became his patrons: Henry Bathurst, the future third and fourth dukes of Beaufort, Robert Dingley, Henry Hoare (1705–1785) (no relation), George Lyttelton, Charles Hanbury Williams, and Joseph Spence, tutor to the future second duke of Dorset and later to the earl of Lincoln.

Hoare returned to England about 1738 and had connections with the entourage of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and drew the Prince's Portrait in pastel but he did not prosper and decided to move to Bath, where his brother Prince (d. 1769) was a sculptor and where the Bath seasons were to furnish him with a constant stream of sitters.  He came to the notice of Beau Nash and Ralph Allen, whose portraits he painted in oil (1749, Bath corporation; 1758, Exeter Health Authority).  In 1742 Hoare was elected a visitor to the Mineral Water Hospital, the duty of which he performed regularly until 1779.  This appointment brought him many commissions and the hospital itself still contains a fine collection of Hoare's works, including Self Portrait (pastel, 1742) and Dr Oliver & Mr Peirce Examining Patients (exhibited at Society of Artists 1761).  He obtained a major commission for an altarpiece for the Octagon Chapel in Bath, The Pool of Bethesda (1765; Bath Masonic Hall Association).  An habitué of Stourhead, he furnished the younger Henry Hoare with many family portraits which are still in situ.

On 4 October 1742, Hoare married at Lincoln's Inn chapel, London, Elizabeth Barker (d. 1793); they had five children: Mary (1744–1820), who was also an artist, mainly in crayon, Anne (1751–1821), William jun. (1752–1809), the playwright and painter Prince Hoare (1755–1834), and Georgiana (b. 1759), who died in infancy.  Many of Hoare's old Rome acquaintances had become his patrons, and a very substantial part of his income came from politicians' portraits including William Pitt the Elder, c.1754; NPG).  Hoare remained in close touch with the London art milieu and was connected to the Foundling Hospital and to the Magdalen Hospital, to which he presented a portrait of Robert Dingley, its founder, in 1762.  In 1755 he joined others in signing a request for the founding of an academy.  He first exhibited publicly at the Society of Artists in 1761 and in 1769 became a founder member of the Royal Academy at the king's special request, exhibiting intermittently.

Hoare died in Edgar Buildings, Bath, on 10 December 1792, and his wife on 30 November 1793.  There is a wall tablet to both in Walcot church, near Bath, and a wall monument to Hoare by Chantrey (1828) in Bath Abbey.

Information provided by Tony Copsey, author and researcher of artists in Suffolk County, England.


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