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 Francois-Christophe-Armand Toussaint  (1806 - 1862)

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Lived/Active: France      Known for: sculpture

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Ad Code: 3
AskART Artist
from Auction House Records.
UN ESCLAVE INDIEN PORTANT UNE TORCHE, UNE ESCLAVE INDIENNE PORTANT UNE TORCHE (2)
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
Biography from Bonhams Bond Street:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Armand Toussaint first exhibited a plaster model at the 1847 Salon in Paris entitled "Un esclave indien portant une torche" along with its female pendant.  The models were cast in bronze three years later, commissioned by the French Ministre de l'intérieur, and after being exhibited at the 1850-1851 Paris Salon (exh. no 3599) they were placed in the Ministry's bureau in the Palais de l'Elysée.  These models described as "Les deux indiens (esclaves porte-lumières)" can be seen in the Barbedienne catalogue from 1855, then edited in two sizes (112cm and 70cm). 

At the 1862 Great Exhibition in London, Graux-Marly also exhibits a cast of these torchères, described by the French reporter Deherain as follows: «During one of our last Salons, everyone was struck by those half naked figures, with their eyes on the ground, expressing the resignation of a vanquished people; these are two excellent candelabra models, who have been reduced to numerous dimensions; these will be beautiful at the bottom of a monumental stair".

After Toussaint' s death in 1869 Ferdinand Barbedienne and Graux-Marly signed an agreement to regulate the cast edition of these models.  According to this contract Barbedienne is limited to edit them in sizes below 99.5cm and Graux-Marly higher than 108cm. 

Armand Toussaint (1806-1862) studied under David d'Angers at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris.  During his career he created sculptures for Parisian monuments including the Louvre, Notre Dame Cathedral, St. Sulpice church, the Basilica of St. Clothilde, and the Palais de Justice.  He received the medal of the Légion d'Honneur in 1852.

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