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 Mansoureh Hosseini  (1926 - 2012)

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Lived/Active: Iran, Islamic Republic of      Known for: modernist painting, caligraphy, writing, teaching

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Mansoureh Hosseini was born in 1926 to an affluent Iranian family in Tehran -Iran. Upon graduating from high school in 1944, she entered the University of Tehran's department of Fine Art. After graduation in 1948, she began teaching in a newly founded Tehran school of decorative art.
 
In 1954, Mansoureh, like many of future contemporary Iranian artists, left Iran to pursue her studies in Rome, Italy. She attended the Academi di Belle Arti in Rome. In 1956, her work and that of a few other Iranian artists were selected for the Venice Biennial XXVIII. In 1957 she had her first solo exhibition in Rome. In 1958, her works were submitted to Tehran Biennial, and she received the outstanding painting award.

Her pivotal turn to Modern art and perhaps new ideas occurred when she met the celebrated Italian art historian and critic, Lionell Venturi, who encouraged her to use Kufic calligraphy in her art work. Thereafter she started with experimenting calligraphy in a modern abstract style in her paintings.

She returned to Iran in 1959, and in 1961 did a series of paintings for Iranian National oil depicting oil refineries and oil wells. A quote from Iranica Encylopaedia states: "Using a personal and harmonious color palette she created vivid impressions of southern landscapes and oil refineries. Abstraction and fluid distortion of subjects played a large role in her works. "

Hosseini exhibited her works in many solo and group exhibitions in Iran, Italy, Brazil, China and many Eastern European countries. She was awarded numerous prizes during her life time. Her paintings are held in the collection of Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art and private collections.

Mansooreh Hosseini possessed good writing skills, and several catalog essays were written by her; she also published a novel in 1971. In 1976, she started writing articles and reviews in Ettelaat newspaper under the name of "Doktor Asad". Often with harsh overtones, she also wrote an articles for an Iranian Art Journal called Honar-e Emruz.

Mansoureh Hosseini suffered from heart complications for many years. She was found dead by her neighbor on 28 June 2012, some 15 days after her death.

Source of the article:
This article has been abridged from a longer article about the Mansoureh Hosseini in Encylopaedia Iranica.

Submitted by Dr Mehrdad Noorani


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