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 Karl Pavlovich Briullov  (1799 - 1852)

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Lived/Active: Russian Federation/Italy      Known for: historical painting, romanticism

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Karl Pavlovich Bryullov is primarily known as Karl Pavlovich Briullov

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from Auction House Records.
Study for 'The Return of Pope Pius IX to Rome from Basillica Santa Maria Maggiore'
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

The Russian son of an Italian sculptor, Karl Bryullov studied at the Imperial Academy from 1815 to 1821 under the guidance of Andrei Ivanov (1772–1848). He settled in Rome between 1823 and 1824 and had major success with The Last Day of Pompeii, (1830–3; St. Petersburg, Russian State Museum), inspired by archaeological research, Pliny's account, and Pacini's opera (1825). The work reputedly moved Bulwer-Lytton to write his novel The Last Days of Pompeii (1834).

A combination of Raphael's classicism (it includes references to the Fire in the Borgo), realistic accuracy, and melodramatic Romanticism, it was admired by Sir Walter Scott and exhibited to great acclaim in Rome, Milan, and Paris. Bryullov visited Greece, Turkey, and Asia Minor, returning to Russia in 1835 to become a professor.

He undertook decorations for St. Isaac's Cathedral, St. Petersburg (1843–1847), and executed a huge historical subject, The Siege of Pskov by Stepan Batory in 1581 (1836–43; Moscow, Tretyakov Gallery). Bryullov was a gifted and psychologically incisive portraitist, as demonstrated by his Nestor Kukolnik (1836; Tretyakov Gallery). He returned to Rome in 1849.
Bryullov eroded the severity of academic classicism with a new and vital attention to the emotional possibilities of colour, becoming the first Russian artist to gain an international reputation.
Bryullov is represented in the following collections: The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow; The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg; The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, amongst others.

Sphinx Fine Art

This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Karl Briullov was  born in 1799 in Russia and was educated at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts.  He never fully embraced the neoclassical style taught by the Academy.  After distinguishing himself as a promising and imaginative student and finishing his education, he left Russia for Rome.  There he worked until 1835 as a portraitist and genre painter, though his fame as an artist came when he got involved in historical painting.   

His most famous work, The Last Days of Pompeii, created a sensation in Italy and established Briullov as one of the finest painters of his day.  His dramatic treatment and generous use of chiaroscuro render it somewhat farther advanced from the neoclassical style.  He returned to Russia where he taught at the Academy but was unable to produce a work comparable to his "masterpiece".  His portrait painting was more successful. Briullov may be considered the first Russian artist of international fame.  He died in 1852.  

Written and compiled by Jean Ershler Schatz, artist and researcher from Laguna Woods, California.

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