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 John (Joseph John) Englehart  (1867 - 1915)



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Lived/Active: California/Illinois      Known for: western landscape painting

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John J Engelhart is primarily known as John (Joseph John) Englehart

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Ad Code: 3
John Englehart
from Auction House Records.
A Pomo Indian Encampment
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Joseph John Englehart (1867–1915) was a prolific American landscape painter who painted in realist style.  He was born on June 14, 1867 in Chicago, Illinois, and died on April 14, 1915 in Oakland, California. He is noted for his documentation of America's Northwest Frontier at the turn of the 20th century, and for his oil paintings of landmarks such as Yosemite Valley, Mount Hood and Crater Lake.  With most of his paintings he consistently avoided effets de soir, choosing the midday light over the romantic quality of lighting effects of sunrise or sunset.

Englehart worked under a number of pseudonyms and used variant spellings including J. Engelhardt, J. Englehardt, J. Englehart, J. Engelhart, C.N. Doughty, C.C. Foucks, C.L. Willis, J.L. Monahan, W.L. Willis, WM. J. Schon, J. Lang, J. Gran, J. Grant, J. Cole, J. Enright, J. Hart, Enblhart, Ed Shroder, C. Williams, Joseph John Engelhart and Joseph John Englehart.

His career started during the California Art Boom, a period when "the wealth generated (in California) by the Gold Rush, the Railroad, the Comstock Lode, banking, and commerce, created a very favorable climate for artists. Wealthy persons such as the Stanfords, the Crockers, the Hopkins and the rest of San Francisco society were buying art. Landscape paintings of famous places in the West were eagerly bought, and the current doings of the artists, where they were now and what they were painting, was duly reported in the papers and periodicals." (William C. Miesse, The San Francisco Art Boom, visual resource at Mount Shasta)

During this time until the turn of the century, Englehart maintained a studio in San Francisco on Clay Street. During those prosperous years he commuted to work from a residence across the bay in Oakland. In the late 1890s, he also traveled and painted the Northwest where he did many landscapes of the Tacoma, Washington area.

In 1902, when it appeared that many California collectors preferred European art work to local painters, Englehart decided to change residences and opened a studio in Portland, Oregon.  However, he only stayed in that area until 1904, and then via New York City, he returned to California where he settled for the remainder of his life in the Alameda, Oakland area.

As stated above, Yosemite was a place where he took his easel, and which made him a part of the populist art which helped preserve much of Yosemite.  However, he like other artists taking up the cause, were unable to save the Hetch Hetchy Valley from being damned to created a reservoir to provide water and power for San Francisco.  It is said that this sacrificing of magnificent landscape was a great sadness to Englehart.

His work is in the collection of the College of Notre Dame, De Young Museum, Nevada Museum and the Oakland Museum.

Because Englehart used so many pseudonyms, the following list is provided with names of real people whose work with their signature was NOT by Englehart.

    •    Josef Engelhart: European Oil painter, completely different style, and subjects.
    •    Charles Montagu Doughty: Poet who traveled in Arabia between 1876 and 1878.
    •    Edna Palmer Engelhardt: Oil painter, completely different style, and subjects.
    •    Walter Albert Engelhardt: Oil painter, completely different style, and subjects.


This biography from the Archives of AskART:
The following information is from Suzanne of Bumps Gallery who references Edan Hughes, Artists in California, 1786-1940, and from Ronald Chase in a communication to AskART.

Joseph John Englehart (1867-1915) was born in Chicago, Illinois on June 14, 1867. During the late 1880s and 1890s, he maintained a studio in San Francisco on Clay Street and a residence across the bay in Alameda.

An itinerant artist, while in Tacoma, Washington in the late 1890s, he did many landscapes of that area; in 1902-04 he had a studio in Portland, Oregon. In 1909, he was in New York where one of his landscapes was awarded a prize. In 1910 Englehart was again a resident of Alameda at 1122 College Avenue where he remained until his death in Oakland on April 14, 1915.

A prolific painter, he is known throughout the Northwest for his oils of Oregon, Washington, Lake Tahoe, Yosemite, Mount Shasta, and Alameda County. Although he used J. Enright, Lang, J. Hart, and other pseudonyms, his most frequently used signatures on his oil appear to be "J. Englehart" or "J. J. Englehart" and occasionally "J. Englehardt."  However one should keep in mind that "there are likely dozens of paintings done by Englehard, which have surfaced and have been signed with some other name. (Chase)

Exhibited: Lewis and Clark Expo (Portland), 1905.

Works held: Washington State Historical Society; College of Notre Dame (Belmont, CA); Society of California Pioneers; Nevada Museum (Reno); Oakland Museum.

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