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 Lucien-Victor Guirand de Scevola  (1871 - 1950)



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Lived/Active: France      Known for: landscape, floral, society portrait and nude figure painting

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Lucien Victor Guirand de Scevola is primarily known as Lucien-Victor Guirand de Scevola

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from Auction House Records.
The King's Daughter
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Lucien-Victor Guirand de Scévola was born in 1871 and died in Paris in 1950. A student of Fernand Cromon and Pierre Dupuis at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris, Guirand de Scévola was above all known as a painter in the academic style and a refined pastellist.  He left an abundant body of work, including landscapes, flower paintings, society portraits, scènes galantes and nudes. His portraits of young women in the symbolist style are highly estimated. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français, the Salon Nationale and the Salon d'Automne and was a member of the Société des Pastellistes Français and of the Comité de la Société des Beaux-Arts de Paris. In 1914 he was honored as an Officier in the Légion d’Honneur.

Guirand de Scévola is considered as one of the inventors of military camouflage. During World War I he was the commanding officer of the French Section de Camouflage (Camouflage Department), inaugurated February 12, 1915. This unit consisted of painters, architects, sculptors, theatre-set artists, etc. Though himself strongly opposed to the emerging cubist style of painting, Guirand de Scévola attracted several young cubist painters for his unit. By using geometric, “cubist” re-paintings or reconstructions, trompe l’oeil effects could be created with the aim to hide the forms and dimensions of military arms and objects or to suggest the presence of non-present arms and objects.

Charles Dufresne, André Dunoyer de Segonzac, Roger de la Fresnaye, Georges Marcoussis, André Mare, Luc-Albert Moreau, Jacques Villon and (for a few months) Georges Braque were all members of the camouflage unit. André Derain and Fernand Leger declined to participate.  

Behrens, Roy R.,‘Art, culture and camouflage’, Tate Etc. vol. 4 (2005), see:
Behrens, Roy R., False Colors: Art, Design and Modern Camouflage (2002).
Behrens, Roy R., Camoupedia: A Compendium of Research on Art, Architecture and Camouflage (2002).
Franck, Dan and Cynthia Liebow, Bohemian Paris: Picasso, Modigliani, Matisse, and the Birth of Modern Art (2001).
Mare, André, Carnets de guerre 1914-1918 (2000).

Compiled and written by Rik Wassenaar, The Netherlands, historian and art collector 

Biography from Kathleen Avery Fine Art:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Student of Fernand Cormon at L’École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Lucien de Scevola exhibited regularly at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and was a committee member of the esteemed Salon des Artistes Français. In 1914, he became an “Officier de la Legion d’Honneur.”

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