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 Marian Mildred Dale Scott  (1906 - 1993)

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Lived/Active: Quebec / Canada      Known for: landscape, urban scene painting, graphics, murals, teaching

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Marion Mildred Dale Scott is primarily known as Marian Mildred Dale Scott

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Ad Code: 3
AskART Artist
from Auction House Records.
LORNE CRESCENT ( ALSO KNOWN AS SNOW CLEARING AT NIGHT)
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Marian Mildred Dale Scott (AKA: Marian Scott; AKA: Marian Dale Scott) (1) was a painter, printmaker, muralist, graphic artist, commercial artist and educator.  She was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada her home for her whole life and where she died.
 
Her mediums were oil, acrylic, watercolour and linocut.  Her subjects were landscapes, urban scenes, figures, social commentary, genre, botanical forms, faces, the cellular world (views of microscopic life), shape, colour and texture.  Her styles were Realism, Fauvism, Surrealism, Symbolism, Cubism, Automatism, Op Art, Precisionist, Colour Field, Geometric Abstraction, Lyrical Abstraction and Abstract Expressionism.  Her works showed the influence of the Bloomsbury Group, the Group of Seven, and the Plasticiens (see all in AskART glossary).

As she explored different styles the stated influences of  John Lyman, Wyndham Lewis, Georgia O'Keefe, Modigliani, Leger, Braque, Stuart Davis and Charles Demuth, (see all in AskART) came into play.  Her  idealism and left wing social beliefs were also a constant influence on her art, usually, reflected in the subjects of her figurative works. QUOTE: “If the liberation of man is the chief aim of action, the function of the creator is as essential as that of the politician or the economist.  The creator liberates with the instrument of the word, the plastic organization, the rhythmic composition.  His revolution aims at a complete metamorphosis of the world.” - Marian Scott – 1936.
 
When she was eleven years old, she began taking classes under William Brymner and Alberta Cleland (see both in AskART) at the Art Association of Montreal (2) (1917 – 1920).  She then studied under Edmond Dyonnet (see in AskART) at the École des Beaux-Arts, and the Monument National (1923 – 1925); and under Henry Tonks (see in AskART) at the Slade School of Art (London, England) (1926).
 
Scott’s formal teaching career began in when she, Fritz Brandtner (see AskART) and Norman Bethune (3) founded the Children’s Art Centre for the underprivileged, where she taught from 1935 to 1938.  She later taught at St. George’s School (1942 –1944); at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (about 1947– 1954)(4); and at Macdonald College, McGill University, Montreal (summer 1950). (5)
 
Her travels include an extensive trip to Europe in 1923 which included visits to Switzerland, France and Italy.  She also spent several summers in England.
 
She was a founding member of the Contemporary Arts Society (1939 -1945), a member of the Canadian Group of Painters (1947), the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (elected 1973), the Federation of Canadian Artists and the Quebec Artists Painters Council (CAPQ).
 
It should be noted that she began exhibiting with the Art Association of Montreal and the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1918 when she was 12.  She continued exhibiting with the AAM until 1955 and with the RCA until 1976.
 
She also exhibited in group shows at the New York World’s Fair (1939); the Art Gallery of Ontario,Toronto (1941, 1953); the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (1942,1952,1955); the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (1950); the Biennale, Sao Paulo, Brazil (1951-1953); the Edmonton Art Gallery, Alberta  (“The Modern Image: Cubism and the Realist Tradition",1981); Museum London, Ontario ( “Visions and Victories: 10 Canadian Women Artists 1914-1945” ,1983); and at the Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa, Ontario ( “Origins of Abstraction in Canada: Modernist Pioneers”,1994).
 
Her first solo show was at Grace Horne Gallery, Boston in 1941. The venues for other solo shows have included  Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario ( 1948); the Dominion Gallery, Montreal (1954, 1956,1958); the Laing Gallery, Toronto (1961); Galerie Camille Hebert, Montreal (1964); Galerie Libre, Montreal (1967); and Galerie Kastel, Westmount, Quebec (1979).
 
In 2000 the Museum of Quebec (Quebec City) mounted the (travelling) exhibition “Marian Dale Scott: Pioneer of Modern Art”.
 
Her work is avidly collected. It is also in numerous public collections including the Beaverbrook Art Gallery ( Fredericton, N.B); the Museum of Quebec (Quebec City); the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts; the National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa); the Art Gallery of Ontario (Toronto); the Vancouver Art Gallery (B.C.); the Winnipeg Art Gallery (Manitoba); the McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Kleinberg, Ontario); the Robert McLaughlin Gallery (Oshawa, Ontario); and the Art Gallery of Hamilton. Examples of her murals can be seen at the Medical School in McGill University (Montreal) and at Montreal General Hospital.
 
Her awards include the Thomas More Institute’s Purchase Award (1967) and the Ontario Society of Artists’ Baxter Purchase Award (1969).
 
She is listed in A Dictionary of Canadian Artists (1974), by Colin S. MacDonald; in The Collector's Dictionary of Canadian Artists at Auction (2001), by Anthony R. Westbridge and Diana L. Bodnar; and in Art and Architecture in Canada (1991), by Loren R. Lerner and Mary F. Williamson.  Her work and its importance are discussed in most books about Canadian art history.
 
Footnotes:
 
(1) She married Francis Reginald (Frank) Scott CC, LL.D, QC (1899 – 1985) in 1928.  He became a famous author, poet, prominent left wing political activist, Dean of the Faculty of Law at McGill University (1961 – 1964) and a founder of the New Democratic Party of Canada.  He was awarded the Governor General's Award in non-fiction for Essays on the Constitution (1977) and in poetry for Collected Poems (1981).  In 1967, he was one of the first recipients of the Order of Canada (CC), the very highest Canadian honour, 'for a life time of achievement and service to Canada'.  His life has been much written about, including the biography The Politics of the Imagination: A Life of F. R. Scott (1987), by Sandra Djwa, published by McClelland and Stewart.
 
(2) In 1948 the AAM became the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts.
 
(3) Bethune was a humanitarian and the inventor of the Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH).
 
(4) Her students included Guido Molinari and Claude Tousignant (see both in AskART).
 
(5) Sources differ on Scott’s dates as a teacher, by a few years, at almost all institutions, for example; the MacDonald dictionary says she taught at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts from '1949 to 1952'; Westbridge says '1947, 1949 – 1954'.  In another example, the Children’s Art Centre, MacDonald says 1935 – 1937; the Canadian Encyclopedia lists 1935 – 1938; and the National Gallery of Canada says the School was founded in 1936.
 
 
Prepared and contributed by M.D. Silverbrooke

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