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Giacomo Raibolini was trained by his father, Francesco Francia, in
painting and goldsmithing. In 1517, the year of his father’s death, he
and his brother, Giulio, assumed responsibility for the family business
and together executed many altarpieces, identifiable by the initials (I
I) of their latinized names (Iacobus and Iulius).
known work is the Virgin in Glory with SS Peter, Mary Magdalene,
Francis, Martha and Six Nuns (after 1515; Bologna, Pinacoteca
Nazionale). In this painting, as in the SS Jerome, Margaret and Francis
(1518; Madrid, Prado) and the Nativity (1519; Parma, S Giovanni
Evangelista), both dated and signed by both brothers, there appear, in
addition to the influence of their father, echoes of the monumental
style of Raphael.
In the early 1520s Giacomo painted, again in collaboration with Giulio,
the Crucifixion (Bologna, S Stefano) and God the Father with Angels
(Bologna, S Petronio). During this period Giacomo probably went to
Florence and perhaps to Rome. He was also influenced by contemporary
Ferrarese painting, especially in the imaginary landscape backgrounds to
several of his works from this period, such as St Michael with SS
Dominic and Francis (Bologna, S Domenico). The Ferrarese influence is
also evident in works from the same period executed with his brother.
The fresco depicting the Nativity (Bologna, SS Vitale e Agricola) also
dates from this period. With these works of the 1520s Giacomo reached
his full artistic maturity.
Among Giacomo’s late works are the Nativity (1551; Bologna, S Cristina).
In addition to large altarpieces, Giacomo also executed numerous
smaller panels for private female convents. Compositionally, these are
conventional works that reflect the religious requirements of the
Though a prolific artist, many of his works have been destroyed or lost and are known only from documentary sources.
Sphinx Fine Art
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