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 Henry Evaluardjuk  (1923 - 2007)

About: Henry Evaluardjuk
 

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Lived/Active: Nunavut / Canada      Known for: Inuit carving-animals and figures, painting, printmaking, drawing

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Henry Evaluakjuak is primarily known as Henry Evaluardjuk

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Ad Code: 3
AskART Artist
from Auction House Records.
Standing bear
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Henry Evaluardjuk (1923 – 2007) (1)

A prominent Canadian Inuit (Eskimo) carver, painter, printmaker and draftsman, Henry Evaluardjuk was born in Igloolik, Nunavut and died in Iqaluit (aka: Frobisher Bay), Nunavut. His works have been exhibited at the United Nations and the National Gallery of Canada; they are also in the permanent collections of the National Gallery of Canada and several other major Canadian museums. (2)

His mediums included stone, whale bone, tusk, ivory, bone, stonecut*, linocut*, pencil and oil painting. His subjects were portraits, heads, animals (especially bears) and Inuit genre – mother and child, hunting, fishing, etc. His styles could be described as Realism*, Primitive Art* and Inuit Art. The AskART images are excellent illustrations of his work.

Like most Inuit artists, Evaluardjuk was self taught. Perhaps, his only outside influences would be the staff of a government organized community arts and crafts centre. The art dealers and traders who worked at it or visited it would naturally give the Inuit artists feedback on what subjects and materials sold best in Canadian and international markets to the south, which probably explains the many walking bears in Evaluardjuk’s oeuvre.

Evaluardjuk’s works were included in several important group exhibitions, notably “Canadian Sculptors of the Arctic”, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa (1963); “Eskimo Fantastic Art”, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg (1972); “Sculpture of the Inuit: Lorne Balshine Collection/Lou Osipov Collection/ Dr. Harry Winrob Collection”, Surrey Art Gallery, B.C. (1979); “Inuit Art in the 1970s”, Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, Ontario (1979); “Inuit Masterworks”, McMichael Canadian Collection, Kleinberg, Ontario (1983); “Contemporary Indian and Inuit Art of Canada”, General Assembly Building, United Nations, NYC (1983); “Arctic Mirror”, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Gatineau, Quebec (1990); “Arctic Spirit: 35 Years of Canadian Inuit Art”, Frye Art Museum, Seattle (1994); and “Iqqaipaa: Celebrating Inuit Art, 1948 – 1970”, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Gatineau, Quebec (1999).

His works have also been included in solo and group exhibitions at prominent commercial galleries, such as Feheley Fine Arts, Toronto; Koffler Gallery, Toronto; The Inuit Gallery of Eskimo Art, Toronto; Waddington Galleries, Toronto; Pitakvik Inuit Galleries, Calgary, Alberta; Inuit Gallery of Vancouver, B.C.; Marion Scott Gallery, Vancouver, B.C.; Spirit Wrestler Gallery, Vancouver, B.C.; Inuk 1, San Francisco; Arctic Artistry, Scarsdale, New York; Galerie de France, Paris, France; and Gimpel Fils, London, England.

According to the Canadian Heritage Information Network* and individual museum websites, Evaluardjuk’s works are in the permanent collections of the Art Gallery of Ontario (Toronto), Canadian Museum of Civilization (Gatineau, Quebec), McMichael Canadian Art Collection (Kleinburg, Ontario), Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (Quebec), Museum of Anthropology (University of British Columbia, Vancouver),  Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre (Yellowknife, Northwest Territories), Winnipeg Art Gallery (Manitoba) and the National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa). Two of his carvings are also on display in The Lorne Balshine Inuit Art Collection located in the Domestic Terminal Building at the Vancouver International Airport, Richmond, B.C.

 

Footnotes:

(1) Please note: The Canadian Heritage Information Network* and Katilvik.com list several alternate names for this artist; they are: Evaloardjuk, Evaluakjuak, Evaluarjuk, Evalurarjuk, Ivaluardjuk, Eevalookjuk and Kyakjuk. Combinations of two of these names may also be used without the first name Henry. There is also his Canadian government issued Inuit Disc Number* – E5846 – which could be used to sign works, and his signature in syllabics*, which has been used to sign works. For an illustration of Evaluardjuk’s name spelled in syllabics please see AskART signature examples.

(2) Please note: Before moving to Iqaluit, Evaluardjuk lived in Pond Inlet, Nunuvat. He first lived in Iqaluit for a few years starting in 1959, he then moved to Yellowknife Northwest territories, where he lived for several years. Also: Igloolik, Pond Inlet, and Iqaluit are all on or near Baffin Island, in Canada’s Arctic. Baffin is the fifth largest island in the world. It is over twice the area of Great Britain. The distance from Pond Inlet in the north to Iqaluit in the south is about 650 miles by plane. Source: The Canadian Encyclopedia Second Edition (1988), edited by James H. Marsh (see AskART book references).

 

Sources:

Biographical Index of Artists in Canada (2003), by Evelyn de Rostaing McMann (see AskART book references)

Sculpture of the Inuit (2000), by George Swinton (see AskART book references)

Inuit Art: A History (2000), by Richard C. Crandall (see AskART book references)

Celebrating Inuit Art: 1948 – 1970 (1999), edited by Maria Von Finckenstein (see AskART book references)

Biographies of Inuit Artists (1993), compiled and published by the Inuit Art Section, Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada (see AskART book references)

Art Gallery of Ontario – Selected Works (1990), by William J. Withrow, et al. (see AskART book references)

The Canadian Encyclopedia Second Edition (1988), edited by James H. Marsh (see AskART book references)

Inuit Art Section: Catalogue of Services and Collections (1984), Research and Documentation Centre on Inuit Art; Indian and Northern Affairs, Canada (see AskART book references)

Sculpture of the Eskimo (1972), by George Swinton (see AskART book references)

Canadian Heritage Information Network* (biography, museums)

Art Gallery of Ontario (book and catalogue summaries online)

Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.

Katilvik.com (biography, exhibitions)

The Lorne Balshine Inuit Art Collection, Vancouver

Spirit Wrestler Gallery, Vancouver

* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see AskART.com. Glossary http://www.askart.com/AskART/lists/Art_Definition.aspx.

Prepared and contributed by M.D. Silverbrooke.


** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at registrar@AskART.com.
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