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 Eugene Higgins  (1874 - 1958)

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Lived/Active: New York/Connecticut/Kansas/Missouri      Known for: etching, social realist and landscape painting, mural

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Eugene Higgins, a painter and etcher, represented with sentimentality the impact of the homeless, depressed and less fortunate people of society. His passionate sympathy for the poor led him to generalize situation and location, painting archetypal situations rather than observed ones.

Although a Social Realist in subject matter, his style was European, much influenced by Honore Daumier, and this Old World quality made his work less popular than that of others such as Robert Henri, who had a more unique style.

Higgins was born the son of an Irish stonecutter and builder in Kansas City, Missouri, 1874, and after the death of his mother, his father moved him as a youngster to Saint Louis, where he was raised.  He briefly attended night classes at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts, and also went to work in an architect's office.

In 1897, he went to Paris and studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and the Academie Julian, under Jean Paul Laurens, Benjamin Constant and Jean Leon Gerome. In France, he developed the skill of etching, which became his primary way of earning money.

In 1904, he returned to America, spending a year in St. Louis and then settling in New York City.  In the early 1920s, he married Anita Rio, and for the remainder of his life, kept a studio on West 22nd Street.  Anita and Eugene spent most of their summers at Old Lyme, Connecticut.

Recognition came for Higgins, both for his etching and for his painting, which for some viewers carried the suggestion of sculpture because of the vigor and overwhelming qualities of his figure painting.  In 1904, the militant Journal of Social Satire in Art, devoted an entire issue to Higgins' s illustration titled Les Paurves. He was acclaimed by the poet Edward Markham as "the one powerful painter of the tragic lacks and losses." In 1921, Higgins was voted to membership in the National Academy of Design, and participated in every exhibition after that to 1950.

Higgins credited his father's influence as being very strong on his work because his father was a stonecutter, whom the young Higgins helped and observed the way he handled the materials.  His father talked much about the skills of Michelangelo, and about this Higgins said: "As I remember those days it seems to me I knew Michelangeo as well as a I knew my father---we three were pals together. " he other major influence was Jean Millet from whom he "learned also the beauty of simple elemental conditions truthfully portrayed." (271)

During the Depression era Higgins created murals including for post offices in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania; Shawano, Wisconsin; and Mount Pleasant Tennessee.

In 1958 Eugene Higgins died in a hospital in New York after a long illness.

Source:
Ruth Pasquine, Paintings and Sculpture in the Collection of the National Academy of Design, Volume One, 1826-1925, David Dearinger, Editor.


Biography from Shippee Fine Art:
Eugene Higgins had an illustrious career as an artist in Paris and in New York. He began to spend his summers in Lyme, Connecticut in 1924 and was a member of the Lyme Art Association, enjoying the afternoon tea receptions with his wife, singer Anita Rio, and family.

In printmaking and drawing, as well as in oils, Higgins rarely strayed from melancholy themes. He established his reputation painting farm workers and itinerants, as did Jean Millet 75years before. In his paintings, warm earth tones and shadowy backgrounds dominated. By the late 1920's he occasionally introduced brighter colors and more cheerful subjects (perhaps an influence of his summer home in Pleasant Valley in Lyme).

In 1921, Higgins was elected an associate of the National Academy of Design, and thereafter his paintings were honored regularly at the Academy and elsewhere. He frequently exhibited at such institutions as the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Corcoran Gallery, as well as at several New York City galleries. His numerous memberships included the National Arts Club, the Society of American Etchers and the Salmagundi Club.

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Patrick Higgins is also mentioned in these AskART essays:
New York Armory Show of 1913
Old Lyme Colony Painters
San Francisco Panama-Pacific Exhibition 1915

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