| E9882 is primarily known as Daniel Inukpuk
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Daniel Inukpuk (1942) (1)|
A prominent Inuit carver, printmaker, and draftsman, Daniel Inukpuk (aka: Upatitsiak Inukpuk) was born in Sarollie’s camp, near Inukjuak, Quebec, and raised in Inukjuak (aka: Port Harrison or Inoucdjouac), where his family settled in the early 1950s, and where he lives today (2013). Inukpuk’s works have been included in numerous major exhibitions. Examples of his carvings and prints are in the permanent collections of several important museums including the National Gallery of Canada and the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian, which has three of his prints in its permanent collection and illustrated online.
“The children's mother went to get some wood so they could boil the hunter and eat him....the hunter looked around the house for an axe. He found one and cut the sleeping giant's neck….The children that were left behind cried to death….” (Excerpts of Daniel Inukpuk describing the action in one of his drawings.) (2)
Inukpuk’s mediums include stone, stonecut print*, serigraph*, colored pencil, and mixed mediums. His subjects include mother and child, portraits, figures, animals, shamans, history, legend, mythology, and Inuit genre* (e.g. nomadic life, family activities, hunting, fishing, etc.). His style is described as Primitive Art* or Inuit Art*. AskART images have some good illustrations of his carving; for some illustrations of his prints, see the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian website. (3) (4)
Quote: "Daniel Inukpuk is a man of action. His prints have a sense of immediacy. None of his figures are at rest. His images run, fight, fly, play, swim, and hunt with enormous energy.” (5)
Inukpuk began carving in the 1960s; like many Inuit artists, he is largely self-taught. However, his father Johnny Inukpuk (see AskART) was an important carver and Daniel likely learned from watching his father and other carvers. Daniel learned printmaking from Thomassie Echaluk (aka: Echalook or Ekaluk) and Lucassie Echalook (see both in AskART). They were also collaborators with him on printing projects. (6)
Inukpuk’s works have been included in several important exhibitions, such as “Eskimo Sculpture”, Winnipeg Art Gallery*, Manitoba (1967); “Selections from the Toronto-Dominion Collection of Eskimo Art”, National Arts Centre, Ottawa, Ontario (1976); “Port Harrison/Inoucdjouac”, Winnipeg Art Gallery*, Manitoba (1976); “The Inuit Print”, National Museum of Man [now Canadian Museum of Civilization], Ottawa (1977 – 1982); “Inuit Games and Contests: The Clifford E. Lee Collection of Prints”, University of Alberta, Edmonton (1978); “Polar Vision: Canadian Eskimo Graphics”, Jerusalem Artists' House Museum, Israel (1978); “Canadian Eskimo Art: A Representative Exhibition from the Collection of Professor and Mrs. Philip Gray”, Fine Arts Gallery, Montana State University, Bozeman (1979); “Eskimo Games: Graphics and Sculpture”, National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome, Italy (1981); Inuit Art: A Selection of Inuit Art from the Collection of the National Museum of Man, Ottawa, and the Rothmans Permanent Collection of Inuit Sculpture”, Canadian Museum of Civilization, Gatineau, Quebec (1981 – 1982); ''Hunter of the Sacred Game'', University of Minnesota, Bell Museum, Minneapolis (1983 and touring the USA for several years); "Inuit Art from Arctic Quebec", Canadian Trade Centre, Tokyo, Japan (1984); “Uumajut: Animal Imagery in Inuit Art”, Winnipeg Art Gallery*, Manitoba (1985); “Northern Exposure: Inuit Images of Travel”, Burnaby Art Gallery, Burnaby, B.C. (1986); “Tundra & Ice: Stone Images of Animals and Man”, Adventurers Club, Chicago, Illinois (1988); “Collecting Inuit Art - Shifting Perceptions”, Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, Ontario (1989); “Art Inuit”, Canadian Cultural Centre, Paris, France (1990); “Moving Around the Form: Inuit Sculpture and Prints”, Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, Ontario (1991); “The Inuit Imagination”, Winnipeg Art Gallery*, Manitoba (1993); and “Qiviuq: A Legend in Art”, Carleton University Art Gallery, Ottawa, Ontario (1995). Recently his work was featured in “Art of the Arctic”, University of Pittsburgh Art Gallery, Pennsylvania (2012).
His works have also been included in solo and group exhibitions at prominent commercial galleries, such as Ufundi Gallery, Ottawa; Canadian Guild of Crafts, Montreal; Inuit Gallery of Vancouver, B.C.; Arctic Artistry, Scarsdale, New York; Newman Galleries, Philadelphia; Orca Aart Gallery, Chicago; The Arctic Circle, Los Angeles; Miharudo Gallery, Mejiro, Japan; and Studio 44, Brussels, Belgium.
Inukpuk’s works are in important private collections (see exhibition titles), corporate collections (see exhibition titles), and public collections. According to the Canadian Heritage Information Network* and individual museum websites, his works are in the permanent collections of the Agnes Etherington Art Centre (Kingston, Ontario), Art Gallery of Ontario (Toronto), Art Gallery of Nova Scotia (Halifax), Avataq Cultural Institute (Inukjuak, Quebec and Montreal, Quebec), Canadian Museum of Civilization (Gatineau, Quebec), Carleton University Art Gallery (Ottawa, Ontario), Musee de la Civilisation (Quebec City), Quebec Museum of Fine Arts (Quebec City), Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian (Washington, D.C.), University of Alberta Art Collection (Edmonton, Alberta), University of Pittsburgh Art Gallery (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), Winnipeg Art Gallery* (Manitoba), and the National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa). His works are also on display in the corporate collection of the TD Bank Group located at the TD Gallery of Inuit Art, Toronto-Dominion Centre, Toronto, Ontario. (7)
(1) Researchers please note: Information for this biography was obtained from the listed sources using two different recognized first names for the artist – Daniel and Upatitsiak. Inukpuk also has a Canadian government issued Inuit Disc Number* – E9882 – which may be used to sign works, and a signature in syllabics* which is frequently used to sign works.
(2) From a 2009 interview with Inuit Art Foundation staff in Inukjuak. Source: Inuit Art Foundation website.
(3) The Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian collection of Daniel Inukpuk’s prints can be viewed online at: http://nmai.si.edu/searchcollections/results.aspx?catids=0,&partyid=2418&src=1-2.
(4) Please note: The National Gallery of Canada’s Inuit Artists' Print Database* has textual details on 56 prints created by Daniel Inukpuk. The database can be searched online at: http://www.gallery.ca/inuit_artists/search.jsp?Lang=EN. Source: National Gallery of Canada.
(5) Quote source: Virginia Watt, director of the Canadian Guild of Crafts Quebec, referring to Inukpuk’s prints in 1976. Source: Inuit Art Foundation website.
(6) For information about the origin and inspiration of modern Inuit carving and printmaking see the AskART glossary entry for Inuit Art*.
(7) Please note: Inuit.net. lists several more museums as collectors of Daniel Inukpuk’s works; however, at the time of writing, they could not be independently confirmed online. The names of the these additional museum collectors are: the Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.A.; Art Gallery of York University, Downsview, Ontario; Dennos Museum Center, Northwestern Michigan College, Traverse City, Michigan; and the Red Deer and District Museum and Archives, Red Deer, Alberta.
Sculpture of the Inuit (2000), by George Swinton (see AskART book references)
Inuit Art: A History (2000), by Richard C. Crandall (see AskART book references)
Biographies of Inuit Artists (1993), compiled and published by the Inuit Art Section, Indian and Northern Affairs (see AskART book references)
The Inuit Imagination: Arctic Myth and Sculpture (1993), by Harold Seidelman and James Turner (see AskART book references)
Sculpture of the Inuit (1992), by George Swinton (see AskART book references)
Art and Architecture in Canada (1991), by Loren R. Lerner and Mary F. Williamson (see AskART book references)
Uumajut: Animal Imagery in Inuit Art (1985), by Bernadette Driscoll (see AskART book references)
Inuit Art Section: Catalogue of Services and Collections (1984), Research and Documentation Centre on Inuit Art (see AskART book references)
Sculpture of the Eskimo (1972), by George Swinton (see AskART book references)
Canadian Heritage Information Network* (includes Artists in Canada, the Inuit Art Foundation, and Nunavik Art Alive)
National Gallery of Canada
* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see AskART.com. Glossary http://www.askart.com/AskART/lists/Art_Definition.aspx.
Written and submitted by M.D. Silverbrooke.
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