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 Alexander John Drysdale  (1870 - 1934)

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Lived/Active: Louisiana      Known for: Bayou landscape painting, marshes

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Ad Code: 3
Alexander John Drysdale
from Auction House Records.
Dawn Along the Bayou
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:


Alexander John Drysdale, born in Marietta, Georgia on March 2, 1870,  came to New Orleans at the age of fifteen with his parents.  His father, Reverend Alexander J. Drysdale, became the rector of Christ Church Cathedral.  Alex received private tutoring from a Professor Mehado and art lessons from Ida Hackell at the Southern Art Union.  Later in New Orleans (1887) he studied art under Paul Poincy (1833-1909).  The exact date of Drysdale’s arrival in New York is unknown, but he enrolled in the Art Students League where he received instruction from Charles C. Curran and Frank Vincent DuMond.  Apparently he remained in New York for about five years and did not go to Europe for further study.  After some time Drysdale began specializing in landscapes, executed in a tonalist manner. 

Back in New Orleans, Drysdale was inspired by local subjects, especially swamp or bayou areas and other desolate wetlands.  Over a period of many years Drysdale’s landscapes evolved to a unique stylistic maturity.  In 1909 he received a gold medal from the New Orleans Art Association.  It is easy to see the influence of two artists that he admired: Corot and Inness.  Working equally well in oil and watercolor (he also did scenes in charcoal), Drysdale usually divided his scene into halves or thirds, typically, a foreground consisting of tall swamp grasses achieved with broad vertical strokes; a middle ground consisting of a backdrop row of trees at the horizon line executed with staccato, jabbing strokes resulting in textural contrast; and a background devoted totally to a tonalist-like moisture-laden sky often hazy with no clouds or only a slight indication of them.  This formulaic compositional format rendered with an economy of technique resulted in imagery with repetitious forms and shapes diffused in a nebulous space.  In this regard, Drysdale’s works are impressionistic; he also tended to use the violets and blues of the impressionist palette.  Yet he lacked a specific interest in color and light.  Although his expression of the Louisiana scenery is very personal, even mystical, the artist appears to have been very limited in subject matter. One of his last works was a mural for the Shushan (New York) Airport administration building, and shortly before his death he was employed as an artist by the Civil Works Administration.

Drysdale was a member of the Arts and Crafts Club of New Orleans, and his work was in the permanent collection of the Delgado Museum for many years.  The artist worked at his studio at 320 Exchange Place in the picturesque Vieux Carré until his death at the age of sixty-three.  Stewart (in Painting in the South, 1983), describes how Drysdale was a shrewd businessman.  He would solicit new homeowners who might need a canvas to decorate a wall, or a cotton broker who recently made the headlines. Drysdale died in New Orleans, on February 9, 1934.

Louisiana Artists from the Collection of Dr. and Mrs. James W. Nelson. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University, 1968; Wiesendanger, Martin and Margaret Wiesendanger, Nineteenth Century Louisiana Painters and Paintings from the Collection of W. E. Groves. New Orleans: W. E. Groves Gallery, 1971, pp. 44-45; Painting in the South: 1584-1980, Exh. cat. Richmond, VA: Virginia Museum, 1983, pp. 106-107, 114, 276; Chambers, Bruce W., Art and Artists of the South: The Robert P. Coggins Collection of American Paintings. Exh. cat. Rochester, NY: Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, 1984, p. 88; Zellman, Michael David, 300 Years of American Art. Seacacus, NJ: Wellfleet Press, 1987, p. 634; Gerdts, William H., Art across America: Two Centuries of Regional Painting, 1710-1920. New York: Abbeville Press, 1990, vol. 2, pp. 110-111.

Submitted by Richard H. Love and Michael Preston Worley, Ph.D.

This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Having shown art talent as a child in Mobile, Alabama, Alexander Drysdale became a painter, known for his Tonalist-style southern bayou subjects.  He first took classes at the Southern Art Union when his family moved to New Orleans in 1883.  During the day, he studied accounting with a tudor and then took a job as a banker from 1889 to 1901.  He also continued his art studies and exhibited with New Orleans' leading artists.

From 1901 to 1903, he lived in New York City, abandoning his banking profession, and studied with Robert Henri, George Inness, and William Merritt Chase.  He returned to New Orleans and painted primarily landscapes although he was listed in the Directory as a portrait painter.  He developed a style of depicting calm, hazy atmospheric scenes of marshes, bayous, and moss-laden trees.

By 1916, he had developed his own watercolor method of diluting oil paint in kerosene and then applying this to sized board with cotton balls and brushes.  By the 1920s, he was one of the city's most sought after painters and produced about 10,000 works.

Source: Peter Falk, Who Was Who in American Art

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