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 Rockwell Kent  (1882 - 1971)

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Lived/Active: New York      Known for: genre, illustrations, graphics, mural painting

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Rockwell Kent
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Farm Building in Snow
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Growing up in a genteel family in New York City, Rockwell Kent was a member of the rugged realist school of landscape painters as well as a popular illustrator and printmaker.  His 1930 illustrations for Moby Dick are among his most lasting achievements.  He was the first American artist to have work exhibited in the Soviet Union, a reflection of his Communist Party sympathies, which earned him the Lenin Peace Prize in 1967.  This espousal of radical politics caused his career to suffer badly in the '50s because his leftist views caused him disdain among many Americans.  However, his work, reflecting both realism and modernism, has earned increasing attention from American art historians.

His subject matter is wide-ranging including scenes of Maine's Monhegan Island, the Adirondack Mountains, book illustrations, and commercial art renderings for companies including General Electric, Rolls Royce, and Westinghouse.   Although his first love was painting, in addition to illustration, he also did fabric, ceramic, and jewelry designs, and spent time as a dairy farmer, carpenter, home builder, and lobster fisherman.

His father, Rockwell Kent, Sr. was a partner in a prominent New York City law firm and an entrepreneur in Central American mining investments.  His mother, Sara Ann Holgate, was the niece and surrogate daughter of James and Josephine Banker, one of New York's first-millionaire families.  Young Rockwell's early childhood was divided between Hudson River Valley, Long Island, and New York City homes, each brimming with cultured surroundings and distinguished persons.  However, that comfortable life came to an abrupt end in 1887 with the death from typhoid fever of Rockwell Kent, Sr., which left the mother with Rockwell Jr., age 5, and another son, and a daughter who was born shortly after the father's death.

Now in a readjusted circumstance of genteel poverty, Kent was encouraged in his art talent by an aunt, Josie Banker who was a successful ceramic decorator and with whom he traveled in Europe.  He studied mechanical drawing and woodworking at the Horace Mann School in New York, and this experience gave him a life-long respect for craftsmanship that is evident in his paintings and drawings.

It was also during these years that he developed his understanding of discrepancies between social classes.  He later recalled: "When I was a young fellow, I was very much disturbed by seeing some people with lots of money and lots of people with no money" (Smithsonian, 8/2000 by Scott Ferris).

From 1900-1903, he joined William Merritt Chase's classes at Shinnecock and then entered the New York School of Art studying with Robert Henri and becoming close friends with George Bellows and Edward Hopper.  His special mentor, however, was Abbott Thayer with whom he painted in New Hampshire and whose home was a place of wide-ranging discussion about topics including German lieder and Nordic sagas.  All of this encouraged Kent to travel extensively.  Later Kent married Kathleen Whiting, the niece of Thayer, and they had five children.   In 1919, after returning from his Alaskan adventure, Kent decided to move his family out of New York City.   Searching for a farm they could afford, Kent and Kathleen, found an isolated property high on the southern spur of Mt. Equinox, near Arlington, Vermont.  It was called Egypt Farm. But Vermont was not the Eden-like existence he had envisioned and his infidelities and long absences  eventually led to divorce. He was married two other times.

He was an inveterate traveler whose wanderlust created subjects from a wide variety of locations and which caused him to be literally the starving artist, dependent upon outside sources for money.  One of his supporters was Duncan Phillips, founder of the Phillips Collection in Washington D.C. who for nine years gave Kent $300. a month in exchange for first selection of two paintings a year.

Much influenced in Ireland by Thayer, Kent's artistic focus became landscape painting and the relationship between nature and humanity.  He spent much time on Monhegan Island in Maine, a place he first visited in 1905 at the suggestion of Robert Henri.  Although Kent stayed only until 1910, the place became closely associated with his name.  Between 1915 and 1935, he visited Newfoundland, Alaska, Tierro del Fuego, France, Ireland, and Greenland.  He also wrote designed, and illustrated a number of travelogues.

In 1927, after his marriage to Frances Lee, he settled into a parcel of farmland near Ausable Forks, New York, where he built a studio and felt at home for the first time during his painting career. There he and his wife hosted numerous gatherings of prominent New York people including the Pulitzers, Putnams, and Paul Robeson, Pete Seeger, and John Dos Passos.

In 1907, his first exhibition was held in New York, and he also exhibited with George Bellows and John Steuart Curry and members of The Eight before 1920. From 1918, he did numerous wood engravings and lithographs, and he left eighty-six paintings and hundreds of drawings, now scattered among museums. In Fall, 1998, the Monhegan Museum held a retrospective of his oil and ink paintings.

Sources:
Much of the above information is from Scott R. Ferris, specialist in the art of Rockwell Kent.  He wrote most of the catalog entry for the Sotheby's auction (12/3/03), for the sale of Blue Day and has written the foreword for the reprinted edition of Kent's book, Salamina (Wesleyan University Press. Oct. 2003).  On 25 May 2003, "CBS Sunday Morning" aired an article on Kent, and Ferris was interviewed along with Kent's son Gordon, and artist, Jamie Wyeth.

Biography from Hollis Taggart Galleries (Artists, E-O):

Rockwell Kent (1882-1971)

Rockwell Kent was an adventurer.  A fascinating individual, Kent had multifaceted careers as an artist, writer, political activist and erstwhile politician, lobster fisherman, ship's carpenter, and dairy farmer.  Even within the field of art he practiced multiple mediums including oil and mural painting, watercolor, printmaking, and illustration.  He also made pottery and jewelry and designed fabrics, flatware, dinnerware, and greeting cards.  His energy was boundless as he explored the world from Alaska to Russia and Greenland to Tierra del Fuego.  During his lifetime he was hailed as a talented painter and printmaker and also reviled for his leftist political affiliations.  Today Rockwell Kent is regarded as one of America's most versatile and talented artists.

Born in Tarrytown, New York, June 21, 1882, Rockwell Kent was raised in genteel and cultured surroundings in his family's multiple homes in Manhattan, on Long Island, and in the Hudson River Valley.  His father, Rockwell Kent, Sr., was a partner in a renowned New York law firm and quite a businessman as well.  His mother was a Manhattan socialite from a very wealthy family.  In 1887 however, his father died and his mother was left to care for Rockwell and his two siblings.  His aunt, a ceramic artist, encouraged young Kent's artistic inclinations and took him on a tour of Europe when he was but thirteen.  This experience would profoundly affect the budding artist.  His love of adventure books also instilled in him at a young age a thirst for exploits of his own.  He was particularly fascinated by Norse and Icelandic mythology, and later in life would be drawn to wintry, northern climes. (1)

Kent was educated mainly in New York.  He first attended the Cheshire Academy and then enrolled in the Horace Mann School where he studied mechanical drawing and woodworking and excelled in both. (2) The artist felt his training in mechanical drawing "had a profound effect in conditioning the future direction of his art."  Also during this time Kent was enlisted to assist his aunt in painting and selling her ceramic and chinaware, efforts that would help the young artist develop a "strong sense of form, a respect for precise delineation, a love of craftsmanship, and an easy dexterity which remained with him throughout his life." (3) This experience would also prove most useful when Kent designed his own dinnerware later in life. 

Before Kent completed his schooling at Horace Mann he began contemplating a career in art.  He studied with William Merritt Chase at his Summer School of Art at Shinnecock, Southampton, Long Island.  From Chase, Kent learned one of the most enduring lessons of his career, to paint out-of-doors directly in front of nature. (4) Impressed by the young artist's talent, Chase offered Kent a full scholarship to his equally famous New York School of Art.  Kent's mother, however, had other plans in mind and convinced him to take the entrance examination for the School of Architecture at Columbia University; he won a four-year scholarship.  Toward the end of his college days, however, Kent turned more toward painting and decided to pursue art as his main career.  He enrolled in the New York School of Art and continued his artistic training with Robert Henri and Kenneth Hayes Miller.  Among his fellow students were George Bellows and Edward Hopper.  In addition, he met teacher Abbott Thayer, who hired Kent as a summer assistant at his Dublin, New Hampshire studio in 1903. (5)  He would later marry Thayer's niece Kathleen Whiting with whom he had five children.

The artist's famous wanderlust was probably ignited by his first trip abroad and he continued to explore new and often exotic locales throughout his lifetime.  His mentor Robert Henri had recommended to him Monhegan Island, off the southern coast of Maine.  Kent first went to Monhegan during the summer of 1905 and immediately fell in love with the place and its people.  Wishing to stay longer than his meager funds would allow, Kent found himself work as an assistant teamster, longshoreman, and well driller, and remained on the island until December.  He would repeat this pattern, spending summers and winters on Monhegan, for the next several years and created some of his most memorable masterpieces during this period. (6)  In these, as in most of Kent's landscape paintings, the artist explored the complex relationship between man and nature.

In April 1907 Kent had his first one-person show at the William Clausen Gallery in New York and thereafter exhibited regularly throughout his lifetime in one-person and group shows. (7)  Among the dealers who represented Kent's work were Daniel Gallery, the Knoedler Gallery, and the Wildenstein Gallery. (8)  In 1911 he helped organize a show for the Society of Beaux Arts Architects in Manhattan, where he met and befriended painter Marsden Hartley. (9) During this period he also came to know Arthur B. Davies and Kent's painting style, and for a time, he reflected the dreamlike, fantasy pictures typical of Davies' work. (10)

In the teens Kent began to find real success as an artist, author, book illustrator, and lecturer.  During this decade his adventures took him to Newfoundland from 1914-1915 and Alaska from 1918-1919.  Each locale had its unique spirit, which Kent eloquently captured in his paintings and prints, many of which were shown in galleries such as Knoedler in New York.  His realistic and somewhat decorative style, and his simplified compositional designs won him favor among artists, critics, and collectors alike.  Among his many patrons was Duncan Phillips, founder of The Phillips Collection in Washington, DC, who began acquiring Kent's paintings in 1918. (11) 

The 1920s brought new adventures and successes for the artist.  He traveled to Tierra del Fuego, Chile in 1922, France in 1925, and Ireland in summer and fall of 1926.  Around 1925 Phillips offered financial support to Kent with a stipend of three hundred dollar a month in return for the first selection of two paintings each year.  However, the fiercely independent Kent annulled the agreement after about one year. (12)  In the late 1920s Kent's life underwent a rather dramatic change.  After a divorce from his first wife, Kent remarried to Francis Lee in 1927 and the couple settled on a dairy farm near Au Sable Forks, New York.  The couple built a home and studio for Kent on the property, which the artist named Asgaard Farm after the home of the gods of Norse mythology. (13)  They also opened a dairy business.  Though he spent a great deal of time on the farm, Kent continued to travel.  He first visited Greenland in 1929 and was captivated by its rugged beauty.  He stayed for two months during his initial trip and returned again in 1931-1932 and in 1934.  He later wrote that the year he spent in Greenland was “perhaps the happiest and certainly the most productive of my life.” (14)  Kent created dozens of stunning views of the majestic icebergs and mountains of this northern land and portrayed them with humble sympathy for the simple dignity of the natives.

In the 1930s Kent was one of the most renowned painters in America as well as a famous printmaker and illustrator.  Among the many books he illustrated were Herman Melville’s Moby Dick: or, The Whale (1930), Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales (1934), Voltaire's Candide (1936), and The Complete Works of Shakespeare (1936).  In addition, he made illustrations for his own numerous volumes such as Wilderness: a journal of quiet adventure in Alaska (1920), Voyaging: Southward from the Strait of Magellan (1924), Rockwellkentiana: few words and many pictures (1933), To thee! A toast in celebration of a century of opportunity and accomplishment in America, 1847-1947 (1946), and It’s me, O Lord; the autobiography of Rockwell Kent (1955). During this period he was engaged in commercial work as well for companies like General Electric, Rolls Royce, and Westinghouse.  In addition, in 1935 Kent was commissioned by the Federal Public Works Administration to create two murals for the newly built post office in Washington, DC (15).

In the 1940s Kent’s life and career were altered once again.  He divorced Frances Lee in 1940 and remarried Sally Johnstone, who was his junior by over thirty years. (16)  He traveled far less than he had in the past and in his paintings he concentrated on subjects taken from the area around his beloved Adirondack home Asgaard Farm.  He also painted some scenes of Monhegan. (17)  In the 1950s Kent's artistic career took a downward turn.

Always interested in politics, Kent believed in the ideals of communism as defined in their broadest terms and was a supporter the International Workers Order, an organization suspected of communist ties. (18)  Because of his outspoken approval of the communist system, Kent was the first American to have his work exhibited in the former Soviet Union and he was given the Lenin Peace Prize in 1967.  However, his relationship with this extreme leftist ideology also led to his investigation by Senator Joseph McCarthy’s Committee on un-American Activities.  As a result, Kent and his art were shunned from galleries and museums across America in the 1950s.  In addition, his travel was restricted.  In defiance of his homeland’s rejection, Kent gave most of his collection to the former Soviet Union in 1960. (19)

Although discouraged by the lack of support from his fellow Americans, Kent continued to paint until the end of his life.  He died of a heart attack March 13, 1971, in Plattsburgh, New York and was buried on Asgaard Farm in view of Whiteface Mountain.

The largest collection of works by Rockwell Kent is located in the Plattsburgh State Art Museum, State University of New York, Plattsburgh. Other works may be found in the following collections: Anchorage Museum of History and Art, Anchorage, Alaska; Alaska State Museum, Juneau, Alaska; Phoenix Art Museum; The University of Arizona Art Museum, Tucson, Arizona; Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, California; San Diego Museum of Art; Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, M. H.  De Young Museum; Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut; National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; National Portrait Gallery, Washington; DC; The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC; The Phillips Collection, Washington, DC; Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, DC; Delaware Art Museum, Wilmington, Delaware; Art Institute of Chicago; Indianapolis Museum of Art; Mead Art Museum, Amherst College, Massachusetts; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts; Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts; The Baltimore Museum of Art; Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville, Maine; The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri; Adirondack Museum, New York; The Brooklyn Museum of Art; The Metropolitan Museum of Art; Whitney Museum of American Art; The Cleveland Museum of Art, The Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio; Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia; Philadelphia Museum of Art; Dallas Museum of Art; Tacoma Art Museum; Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, Russia; and the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russia.

Notes
1.  Fridolf Johnson, “Rockwell Kent, The Restless,” in An Enkindled Eye, 9.
2. Dan Burne Jones, “Rockwell Kent: Accents on the Positive,” in An Enkindled Eye, 12.
3. Johnson, “Rockwell Kent, The Restless,” 9.
4. Richard V. West, An Enkindled Eye: The Paintings of Rockwell Kent, 15.
5. West, An Enkindled Eye: The Paintings of Rockwell Kent, 16.
6. Johnson, “Rockwell Kent, The Restless,” 10.
7. Virginia Speer Burden, “Rockwell Kent,” in The Eye of Duncan Phillips: A Collection in the Making (Washington, DC, New Haven, and London: Yale University Press, 1999), 367 and West, ‘An Enkindled Eye’: The Paintings of Rockwell Kent, 17.
8. Jones, Rockwell Kent: Accents on the Positive, 12.
9. Burden, Rockwell Kent, 367.
10. West, ‘An Enkindled Eye’: The Paintings of Rockwell Kent,19.
11. Burden, Rockwell Kent, 367.
12. Ibid.
13. West, ‘An Enkindled Eye’: The Paintings of Rockwell Kent, 22.
14. Johnson, “Rockwell Kent, The Restless,” 10.
25. Burden, Rockwell Kent, 367.
16. David Trexel, An American Saga: The Life and Times of Rockwell Kent (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1980), 185-186
17. West, ‘An Enkindled Eye’: The Paintings of Rockwell Kent, 24.
18. Scott Ferris, “The Bestowal,” in Rockwell Kent's Forgotten Landscapes (Camden, Maine: Down East Books, 1998), 74.
19. Ferris, The Bestowal, 74-89.


Biography from D. Wigmore Fine Art, Inc.:
Rockwell Kent was born June 21, 1882 in Tarrytown Heights, New York. He began his formal education at Horace Mann School in New York City and attended summer art school at Shinnecock Hills near Southampton, Long Island. Shinnecock, founded in 1891 by William Merritt Chase, was the first out-of-doors summer art school in America. Inspired by Chase, Kent devoted himself to painting. Impressed with Kent’s abilities, Chase offered him a full scholarship to the New York School of Art, where in 1900 he studied under Chase, Kenneth Hayes Miller, and Robert Henri.

In 1905 at Robert Henri's suggestion, Kent traveled to Monhegan, an island off the coast of Maine, to paint on his own. The sharp edges and strong contrasts of the rugged Maine coast, together with its self-reliant people, were so stimulating to Kent that in 1906 he returned to Monhegan and built a house on Horn's Hill. By 1907 Kent had managed to produce enough Monhegan paintings for an exhibition at Clausen Galleries in New York. Reviews of that exhibition were encouraging and a number of the paintings eventually went to important collections. In December of 1907, Kent met Kathleen Whiting who he married in 1908. The couple settled on Caritas Island, near Stamford, Connecticut.

Kent, like many other artists, resented the consistent rejection by the National Academy of any art that was not safely traditional. He became involved in organizing the first non-juried art exhibition in New York as a result of Robert Henri’s suggestion to John Sloan in January 1910 that they start a society that presented non-juried exhibitions. The idea soon took hold with Kent and Walt Kuhn joining in and locating an exhibition site on West Thirty-Fifth Street in New York. The exhibition made a lasting impression on the art world, planting the seeds for the future Armory Show of 1913 and ultimately the establishment of the Society of Independent Artists in 1916.

Rockwell Kent's boundless energy and adventurous spirit led to extensive traveling in search of subject matter for his paintings. In 1914 Kent lived in Brigus, a small town on the east coast of Newfoundland. Two of the Newfoundland paintings were exhibited in 1917 at the Society of Independent Artists which attracted Marie Sterner, a dealer in contemporary art at Knoedler & Co. Sterner was able to sell several of Kent’s paintings, including The Seiners to Henry Frick, and Winter, Monhegan Island to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, which funded Kent’s travel to Alaska in July 1918. There he stayed with his son on Fox Island, Resurrection Bay, where he devoted his time to painting by day and drawing by lamplight at night until his return to New York in 1919. Kent’s dealer Knoedler held an exhibition of his Alaska drawings soon after the artist’s return in 1919 followed by an exhibition of the oil paintings to coincide with the release of Wilderness: A Journal of Quiet Adventure in Alaska in 1920. Both the Alaska paintings and the book were a great success. Wilderness established Rockwell Kent as a leading graphic artist and writer of adventure books.

The Kents bought a farm they called Egypt in Arlington, Vermont in 1919, into which Rockwell invested all of his new wealth. With the family funds so depleted, Kent incorporated himself on the strength of his future work and sold stock to friends with certificates that he designed. His financial success in exhibitions allowed him to end his incorporation within a couple of years, paying a hefty dividend of 20% to his shareholders.

Rockwell Kent continued his search for subjects with a voyage in 1922 to Tierra del Fuego and the Straits of Magellan, at the southern tip of South America. He compiled his experiences into the book Voyaging: Southward from the Strait of Magellan, with 100 illustrations by the author. The book was published in 1924 and sold so well that a second edition was published the following month. In addition to his illustrations, twenty paintings were executed as a result of Kent’s voyage to Tierra del Fuego and the Straits of Magellan. They were exhibited at the gallery Wildenstein & Co. in 1925.

Kent divorced and remarried in 1926 and the next few years were busy ones, with Kent visiting France, Ireland, and Denmark. The couple spent the summer of 1927 in Woodstock, New York. In 1928 Kent and his new wife Frances Lee established a permanent home in the Adirondacks. Kent wanted mountains to look at and level land for farming. He found his ideal location near Ausable Forks at Asgaard Farm, an abandoned 257 acre farm where Kent proceeded to design every detail of the house, barn, and studio.

In 1929 Kent made his first of many trips to Greenland. There, in the silent waters of North Greenland, he discovered a remote wilderness where the landscape dominated, if not completely excluded, human society. Greenland’s wilderness landscape served as an attractive alternative to the rural scenes painted by American regional painters. Kent told the story of his visit to Greenland in the illustrated book North by East in 1930 and had an exhibition of his Greenland paintings the same year at his dealer Wildenstein. Kent was to visit Greenland again in 1931, 1933, and 1934. With Kent's return from Greenland in 1935, his arctic adventures came to an end.

Kent returned to Alaska once after 1919 for a couple of weeks in September-October 1935 for a brief sketching trip for a mural commission for the new Post Office Building in Washington, DC on mail delivery in the tropics and Arctic. Kent then went to Puerto Rico for a week in July of 1936. The murals were completed and mounted in September of 1937.

In 1938 Kent was commissioned by General Electric Company to execute a work for the company’s annual calendar, as well as a mural for their exhibition building at the New York World's Fair held in 1939. Truly an intellectual, Rockwell Kent contributed to a definitive book on the Brazilian artist Candido Portinari (1903-1962) published by the University of Chicago Press in 1940.

Kent's well-publicized political activities increased over the years and his affiliations were diverse, including the American League for Peace and Democracy; American Artists' Congress, vice-chairman; League of American Writers; National Committee for People's Rights, chairman; Artists' League of America, president; and the American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom, as well as vice president of the International Workers Order. Although Kent declared that his views were not inconsistent with American democracy and love for his country, he nevertheless laid himself open to McCarthy’s censure. Know and Defend America, an impressive exhibition that opened at Wildenstein in New York in 1942, was the last important display of his paintings in America until 1969.

Kent's return to favor began in 1969 with Rockwell Kent: The Early Years, an important exhibition held during the month of August, 1969 at the Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine. It was an impressive retrospective that included sixty of Kent's finest paintings made between 1903 and 1935, lent by museums and private collections. Rockwell Kent died two years later on March 13, 1971 in Plattsburgh, New York.

Recent important exhibitions of the artist’s work include The View from Asgaard: Rockwell Kent’s Adirondack Legacy, 1999-2000, The Adirondack Museum, Blue Mountain Lake, New York, and Distant Shores: The Odyssey of Rockwell Kent, which originated in 2000 at The Norman Rockwell Museum and traveled to the Appleton Museum of Art in Ocala, Florida; the Terra Museum of American Art in Chicago, Illinois; and the Anchorage Museum of Historical Art in Anchorage, Alaska. Another major exhibition, Rockwell Kent: The Mystic and the Modern, was held in 2005 at the Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Maine. In 2012 there were three exhibitions on Kent: Rockwell Kent- Voyager: An Artist’s Journey in Prints, Drawings, and Illustrated Books at the Philadelphia Museum of Art; Rockwell Kent’s “Egypt”: Shadow and Light in Vermont at the Bennington Museum, Vermont; and Jamie Wyeth, Rockwell Kent, and Monhegan at the Farnsworth Art Museum.

Biography from Owen Gallery:
Rockwell Kent was born and raised in Tarrytown, New York. He exhibited an early aptitude for art that was encouraged by his mother's sister who was an amateur artist. At the age of thirteen, Kent's aunt took the young boy on a tour of Europe, during which he was able to experience much important art and architecture first hand.

A few years later, Kent studied at William Merritt Chase's summer art school in Shinnecock Hills, Long Island, and was offered a full scholarship. However, Kent's mother, less than happy about the idea of her son studying art in New York City among a group of bohemians, convinced the young man to accept a four-year scholarship to the School of Architecture at Columbia University.

Kent studied at Columbia for three and one-half years before deciding that the fine arts were his true calling, finally accepting the scholarship to the Chase School.

Kent went on to develop a highly successful career as not only a painter, printmaker, illustrator, and designer, but also as a writer, political activist, and spokes person for artist's causes. Although Kent was clearly recognized as a formidable artistic talent, his political ideas and activities eventually overshadowed his other achievements.

In the mid-nineteen thirties, he was one of the best known of contemporary American painters, and then he virtually disappeared from most American art surveys until the 1960s when he again received serious critical attention.

An important aspect of Kent's life, which directly influenced his artistic production, was his intense wanderlust. He traveled to such destinations as Monhegan Island (1905-1910); Newfoundland (1914 -15); Alaska (1918-19); Tierra Del Fuego (1922) ; France (1925); Ireland (1926-27); and Greenland on three separate occasions between 1929 and 1935. Each locale served as subjects for numerous landscape and marine paintings.

(Owen Gallery credits Richard V West, "Rockwell Kent Reconsidered," AMERICAN ART REVIEW, December 1977, and Richard V West, "An Enkindled Eye: The Paintings of Rockwell Kent," exhibition catalogue of the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, 1985.

Biography from Charleston Renaissance Gallery:
ROCKWELL KENT (1882-1971)

One of America's noted painters, Rockwell Kent chose a life of art and culture. Also an illustrator, designer, and printmaker, he was equally well known for his intellectual writings, far-reaching travel, support of artists' issues, and political activism. To Kent, painting was a highly philosophical exercise for individual expression. His clear, simplified landscapes of the mid-twentieth century stand as a figural counterpoint to abstractionism.

Born in Tarrytown, New York, Kent, at the age of thirteen, accompanied his aunt, a watercolorist and ceramic painter, on a tour of Europe, where he first studied the Old Masters. This experience, coupled with his teenaged studies with William Merritt Chase in Shinnecock Hills, inspired the young man to become an artist. After three years on scholarship at the Columbia University School of Architecture, he withdrew to study at the New York School of Art, Chase's winter center. There, he became a friend and colleague to his teacher Robert Henri, as well as to fellow students of the Ashcan school, George Bellows and Edward Hopper. As a mature artist, Kent loved the outdoors and sought to interpret nature through landscape painting. He traveled extensively to paint, spending time in Monhegan Island, Maine, Europe, and visiting remote locales in Alaska, Newfoundland, Greenland, and Tierra del Fuego.

This essay is copyrighted by the Charleston Renaissance Gallery and may not be reproduced or transmitted without written permission from Hicklin Galleries, LLC.

Biography from William A. Karges Fine Art - Beverly Hills:
Rockwell Kent was born in to a wealthy New York industrialist family in 1882. Early in his life, Kent was introduced through travel and surroundings to both fine art and architecture. After studying architecture for three years at Columbia University, Kent changed his focus to art and began attending William Merritt Chase’s Summer Art Classes in Shinnecock Hills, Long Island, as well as the New York School of Art, where he studied with Robert Henri, and befriended George Bellows.

Though he drifted in to relative obscurity until the 1960’s, Kent was one of the best known of the contemporary painters of the 1930’s.

Biography from The Johnson Collection:
One of America's finest painters, Rockwell Kent pursued a life of art and culture. Also an illustrator, designer, and printmaker, he was equally well known for his intellectual writings, far-reaching travel, support of artists' issues, and political activism. To Kent, painting was a highly philosophical exercise for individual expression. His clear, simplified landscapes of the mid-twentieth century stand as a figural counterpoint to abstractionism.

Born in Tarrytown, New York, Kent, at the age of thirteen, accompanied his aunt, a watercolorist and ceramic painter, on a tour of Europe where he first studied the old masters. This experience, coupled with his teenaged studies with William Merritt Chase in Shinnecock Hills, inspired the young man to become an artist. After three years on scholarship at the Columbia University School of Architecture, he withdrew to study at the New York School of Art, Chase's winter center. There, he became a friend and colleague to his teacher Robert Henri, as well as to fellow students of the Ashcan School, George Bellows and Edward Hopper. As a mature artist, Kent loved the outdoors and sought to interpret nature through landscape painting. He traveled extensively to paint, spending time in Monhegan Island, Maine and Europe, and visiting remote locales in Alaska, Newfoundland, Greenland, and Tierra del Fuego.

America, Land of Our Fathers was painted during the period when Senator Joseph McCarthy, suspicious of Kent's socialist leanings, had summoned the artist to trial. Kent portrays a quiet farmhouse nestled in the undulating Virginia hills south of Charlottesville, the light of day radiating. The bucolic scene alludes to eighteenth century Jeffersonian ideals of pride, patriotism, and freedom. The luminous palette, contrasting colors, and tight, spare composition are characteristic of the artist's work of the 1950s.

Kent’s work is represented in the country’s leading museums including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Whitney Museum of Art, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Minneapolis Museum of Art, and Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.

The Johnson Collection, Spartanburg, South Carolina
www.thejohnsoncollection.org

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Edward Henry Potthast
Edgar Payne
Guy Carleton Wiggins
Arthur Davies
Frederic Remington
Theodore Robinson
Charles Burchfield
Ernest Lawson
Andrew Wyeth
Max Kuehne
Thomas Moran
Martin Johnson Heade
George Luks
Fairfield Porter
Andy Warhol
William Glackens
Joseph Henry Sharp
Johann Berthelsen
Edward Hopper
Leon Kroll
William Bradford
Hans Hofmann
Guy Pene Du Bois
Dale Nichols
Emil Bisttram
William Richards
Maurice Prendergast
George Inness
Raphael Soyer
Robert Motherwell
Willem de Kooning
Everett Shinn
Edward Willis Redfield



See Artists Appearing in the Same Auctions:
Milton Avery
Alfred Thompson Bricher
William Richards
Reginald Marsh
Guy Carleton Wiggins
Everett Shinn
Albert Bierstadt
Charles Burchfield
Jane Peterson
Hayley Lever
Norman Rockwell
William Zorach
Emil Carlsen
Hermann Herzog
Emile Gruppe
John Brown
Thomas Hart Benton
John Marin
Childe Hassam
Walt Kuhn
Frederic Remington
Raphael Soyer
Leon Kroll
Thomas Moran
Jasper Francis Cropsey
Anthony Thieme
Ernest Lawson
Harriet Whitney Frishmuth
NC Wyeth
Grandma Moses
Andrew Wyeth
John Joseph Enneking
William Louis Sonntag
Max Weber
George Luks
Marsden Hartley
William Glackens
Frederick Judd Waugh
Robert Henri
Joseph Stella
John Singer Sargent
John Sloan
Eric Sloane
Edward Henry Potthast
George Inness
Chaim Gross
Maurice Prendergast
Bruce Crane
William Merritt Chase
Martin Johnson Heade

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