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 Joan Brown  (1938 - 1990)

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Lived/Active: California      Known for: expressionist painting-impasto, abstraction

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:

One of California's most well-known and celebrated figurative expressionist painters, Joan Brown is recognized among the important artists who emerged from the creative milieu of the San Francisco Bay Area in the late 1950s.  Perhaps because of her premature death, recognition of her work as a significant abstract painter of the late 20th century has taken time.

San Francisco born Joan Brown became an art student almost by accident.  She graduated from high school at 17 with no real training in art in 1955.  Her parents enrolled her at Lone Mountain College, then a women's Catholic school in San Francisco.  Shortly before her first day of classes there, Joan on an impulse visited the campus of the California School of Fine Arts, (now called the San Francisco Art Institute), located on Russian Hill near her home, having seen an ad in a newspaper.  She began classes there the following the morning, and went on to receive her BFA from CSFA in 1959, and her MFA in 1960.

Influenced by a diversity of artistic groups including the German Expressionists, the French Impressionists, and the works of Western European old masters, Brown's quick, cartoony drawing style was noted for its radically thick, and later radically thin, paint.  Many of the images and ideas in her works were inspired by personal life and by her extensive travels.  She married four times.  Three of her husbands were artists: William ‘Bill’ H. Brown, whose name she kept, Manuel Neri, and Gordon Cook.  Her fourth husband, Michael Hebel, a lawyer and police officer, shared her spiritual interests and love of travel.  In her later career, she made frequent visits to India and became a devotee of spiritual leader, Sathya Sai Baba.  Brown died tragically in an accident in Puttaparthi, India, while installing an obelisk she had created for a new Eternal Heritage Museum at his ashram.

Born Joan Vivien Beatty, she had a father, John William Beatty, who was a second generation Irishman who worked for the Bank of America.  Growing up fluent in Spanish, Joan learned the language from her mother, Vivien Beck, who had been born to a Mexican mother and Danish father in Watsonville.  Joan's mother suffered from epilepsy and ultimately committed suicide when Joan was in her mid thirties.  Joan was an only child and described her family life as 'dark and crazy', and ‘I couldn’t wait to get out of there.’ (Tsujimoto).

Brown’s early education was in Catholic schools, first at St. Vincent de Paul and then at Presentation High, but she rebelled against the strictures of both the religion and the schooling. One of her escapes was to swim in the freezing waters of the San Francisco Bay at Aquatic Park.  She also loved to visit the public library and read about the ancient cultures of Greece, Rome and Egypt.  Sometimes she made sketches from magazines of Hollywood stars, such as Betty Grable, and it was her portfolio of these drawings, on typing paper, that she submitted to the California School of Fine Arts and was admitted.

At seventeen, her first year at the CSFA she found uninspiring, but in 1956 Elmer Bischoff came to teach, and he became perhaps the most important influence on her career.  “He was the first serious, committed person I ever met in my life.”  Brown has said. (Albright)  Her early work was affected by the heavy impasto and thick-skinned paint surfaces of Bischoff and Frank Lobdell, but she was drawn to her own subject matter, such as shoes, dogs, and other subjects that she repeated again and again.  De Kooning and Picasso were also strong influences on her work.  “I respond to Picasso”, she said (Albright, 59) “because he wasn't worried about 'style' as a definition of his ego.  He didn't need to be an 'abstract painter' or a 'still-life painter'...he did whatever he pleased, setting his own rules and breaking them just as soon as he made them.”  Her background in Abstract Expressionism, with its emphasis on subjectivity and interior investigation, underlies her approach to figuration.

The subjects in her art are simple forms, busts, full figures in the manner of David Park, as well as animals frequently rendered with fantasy and whimsy.  Images were almost sculpted from massive globs of paint colors, at times to a thickness of four or five inches, often set against areas of chocolate brown.  Brown’s work was inspired by Abstract Expressionism, but her subjects displayed her passions, whether her private life and pets, her passion for dancing and swimming, and fascination with ancient cultures and spirituality.
 
In the late 1950s she was married to painter William ‘Bill’ Henry Brown (1931-1980), who had been born in Oakland, California.  William Brown worked in the Bay-Area Figurative style in the late 1950s while they were married.  Joan and Bill Brown were married only a few years but remained friends until her death.  In the 1960s, he adopted a more precise, hard-edged style and later left for England, where he died in Bristol in 1980.
 
Joan Brown was married to sculptor Manuel Neri (1930- ) between 1962 and 1966, and the two were active in the Six Gallery in San Francisco, where shows at times consisted of little more than the opening night party.  While living with Neri (1959 to 1966), Brown was neighbor and friend to artists Jay DeFeo, Wally Hedrick, Wallace Berman, Jess, George Herms, and Joan and Bruce Conner, with most of whom she showed at San Francisco's artist-run galleries: Spatza, Six and Batman.  New York enthusiasm for Bay Area Figurative painting resulted in Brown's first solo show there, at the Staempfli Gallery in 1960.  Brown's youth at the time (she was 22 and still a student), her talent, and the unusual fact that she was a woman brought her a sudden celebrity.  In 1962 she received Mademoiselle magazine's award for Outstanding Single Achievement in Art.  Later more exhibits followed at Staempfli and at the David Stuart Gallery in Los Angeles.

Brown had a son with Manuel Neri, Noel Elmer Neri (1962- ), her only child, who was born in August of 1962.  Noel’s birth, perhaps the most important event in Brown’s life, compelled the previously independent artist to move her studio into her home.  Noel Neri is an attorney and a sculptor who has been active in the Philadelphia area.

Although sometimes erratic, her early work displayed humor and primitive intensity. Her subject matter was more personal and specific.  By 1965, not satisfied with her art, she withdrew from exhibiting for a year to revise her form and distill her use of color.  Her later paintings evolved from her roots in Bay Area Figurative into an idiosyncratic expressionism.  Her work became more intimately linked to her world of personal experience, blurring fact, fantasy, and memory.
 
In 1968 she married artist Gordon Cook, (1927-1985) who was active in the Bay-Area art scene.  During their time together, Brown and Cook shared a passion for dancing and distance swimming in the San Francisco Bay.  Brown continued to paint prolifically, including lively, often mysterious images of lovers, dancers and swimmers.  The marriage lasted a decade. Brown's paintings from the years of her marriage to Cook are disciplined and spare, as were Cook's own small canvases.  Big-band dance music was an inspiration for her in the early 70s, resulting in a series that is perhaps her most memorable.  Figures were often black silhouettes against orange backgrounds.  Brown and Cook were divorced, and she then traveled in Europe with a new boyfriend, creating a group of paintings.

For a brief time she lived in the Sacramento Delta country, where she painted fish and introduced Oriental motifs into her work, inspired by the Chinese colony that flourished in that area at one time.  She also painted her young son, Noah, and later a series in the mid-1970s that reflected her involvement with a San Francisco swim club.

Swimming for Brown was an exercise in self-discipline and self-control that brought her face-to-face with her own physical limitations.  Although small and slight, she swam long distance races in San Francisco Bay.  Her swimming coach, Charlie Sava, was an important mentor, as was her friend Modesto Lanzone, a Dolphin Club member who rowed beside her during her swims and helped her overcome her fears.  Brown also traveled in Italy with Lanzone.  In 1975, she nearly drowned while participating in a group swim from Alcatraz Island to the San Francisco shorefront.  The resulting series of remarkable paintings, After the Alcatraz Swim (1975-76), chronicles Brown's attempts to comprehend her brush with death.

Perhaps as a result of this experience, in the late 1970s Brown embarked on a wide-ranging spiritual quest.  Images from ancient Egyptian religion, Hinduism and Theosophy began to show up in her paintings.  Her mid-1970s work moved away from the Abstract Expressionism (heavy impasto, spatters) and turned to more exotic themes, such as Egypt, or imagined views of Tibet and China.  Some of her more notable works were inspired by places and people she knew intimately, creating a sense of familiarity mixed with strangeness and the absurd.
 
Brown became influential again in New York during the 1970s, and exhibited regularly in galleries there.  This paralleled the emergence on the East Coast of 'New Image' painting, which her early works had anticipated.  In 1974 she also began teaching at the University of California, Berkeley.  In 1986 she received an honorary Ph.D. from the San Francisco Art Institute.

In keeping with her desire for spiritual community, Joan Brown began attending meetings in 1979 at Ananda Community House in San Francisco, an offshoot of the Self-Realization Fellowship in Southern California.  There she met lawyer and police officer Michael Hebel, and the two were married a year later.   Her wedding to Hebel in 1980 was a Hindu ceremony at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art attended by artists, art world denizens, police officers and lawyers, -people from both of their worlds.  Hebel moved into Brown's house in San Francisco, which she had previously shared with her son and Gordon Cook.
 
Her subject matter during the last decade of her life dealt increasingly with her spiritual beliefs and devotion to an Indian guru, Sathya Sai Baba, whom she and Hebel first encountered during their honeymoon in India.  In the last eight years of her life, Brown constructed 11 tiled, outdoor obelisks featuring images of animals and nature.  Modeled after Egyptian obelisks, these large-scale public works, some over 40 feet high, portrayed symbols from a wide assortment of cultures and religions, Brown’s hope being to reach  a broad audience with a kind of all-purpose spiritual message.

Her son, Noel Neri, became a father in the mid-1980s, and Brown's tender portrait of her grandson fuses the personal and spiritual. Portrait of Oliver Neri (1988) depicts her toddler grandson holding a lotus flower and adorned with necklaces bearing the yin-yang symbol and a portrait of Sai Baba.

In 1990, Joan Brown and Noel Neri left California to install one of her obelisks in the new Eternal Heritage Museum at Sai Baba's ashram in India. The project was delayed, and Noel left after some weeks to return to California.  Shortly thereafter, an improperly anchored turret in the museum fell, killing Brown and her assistants, Lynn Mainric and Michael Oliver, and destroying the obelisk.

Joan Brown created a body of work distinguished by its breadth and personal vision, even though her creative output was cut short by her premature death.

Sources:
Thomas Albright, Art in the San Francisco Bay Area 1945-1980
website of the Oakland Museum, California;
Karen Tsujimoto, The Art of Joan Brown
website of the San Francisco Museum of Fine Arts
website of Minnesota Museum of American Art
San Jose Museum of Art website
Michael Duncan, "The Self and Its Symbols"Art in America
Abby Wasserman,  ‘Into the Light: the Transformation of Joan Brown’, from Museum of California Magazine
David Carlson Gallery

Selected One-Person Exhibitions: Six Gallery (1957); The Cellar Foyer, San Francisco; (1958), Batman Gallery, San Francisco (1959, 1961). Spatsa Gallery, San Francisco (1959); Staempli Gallery, New York (1960, 1961, 1964); Primus-Stuart Gallery, Los Angeles (1961, 1962); San Francisco Museum of Art (1971); San Francisco Art Institute (1973); Charles Campbell Gallery, San Francisco (1974, 1975); University Art Museum, Berkeley (1974); Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York (1974, 1976, 1979, 1981, 1982); Joan Brown Retrospective, The Oakland Museum and University Art Museum, September 1998 thru January 1999.

Selected Group Exhibitions: 77th Annual Painting and Sculpture Exhibition of the San Francisco Art Association at the San Francisco Museum of Art, 1958; 82nd Annual Painting Exhibition of the San Francisco Art Institute at the San Francisco Museum of Art, 1963; The Oakland Museum, California. A Period of Exploration: San Francisco 1945-1950; 1973; San Francisco Museum of Art, Painting and Sculpture in California: The Modern Era 1976; Bay Area Figurative Art, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Hirschorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1990.



Biography from Gallery Paule Anglim:
In 1997 a retrospective exhibition, Transformation: The Art of Joan Brown was jointly assembled by the Berkeley art Museum and the Oakland Museum, producing a comprehensive catalog of her work.  Karen Tsujimoto, exhibition curator, wrote of Brown’s use of models: “Dressing them up – and sometimes down - in jauntily patterned clothes and often situating them in fanciful scenarios with animals like aardvarks and rats, brown created her own grown-up versions of paper dolls to suit her whimsical fantasies….”

Education:
1960 MFA San Francisco Art Institute, CA

Awards:
Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts, San Francisco Art Institute, 1986
National Endowment for the Arts Grant, 1980, 1976
Guggenheim Fellowship, 1977
Adeline Kent Award, 1973
Louis Comfort Tiffany award, 1965
James D. Phelan Award, 1962

Solo Exhibitions:
2005 Gallery Paule Anglim, San Francisco, CA
2004 George Adams Gallery, New York, NY
2002 “Paintings and Drawings from the '70's," Gallery Paule Anglim, San Francisco, CA
2002 "A Few of Her Favorite Things: Joan Brown Works on Paper," Koplin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1998 "Transformations: The Art of Joan Brown", UC Berkeley Art Museum & Oakland Museum of
California
1997 "Mary Julia Series and Other Early Works," Koplin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1994 "Paintings and Drawings from the '70's," Gallery Paule Anglim, San Francisco, CA
1993 "Paintings and Drawings from the 1970's", Joseloff Gallery, University of Hartford, Connecticut
1992 "Joan Brown, Drawings and Paintings," Koplin Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
"On Painting: The Work of Elmer Bischoff and Joan Brown", Berkeley Art Museum, Berkley, CA
"Major Works From the Early 1970's", Frumkin/Adams Gallery, New York, NY
1991 "Memorial Exhibition", Frumkin/Adams Gallery, New York
1990 Frumkin/Adams Gallery, New York, NY
1988 Frumkin/Adams Gallery, New York, NY
1986 "Joan Brown: The Golden Age," San Diego State University Art Gallery, San Diego, CA
"Joan Brown, Painting and Sculpture," Koplin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
1985 Peppers Art Gallery, University of Redlands, CA
Monterey Peninsula Museum of Art, CA
Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
1984 Art Museum of Santa Cruz, CA
Creative Growth Gallery, Oakland, CA
Frumkin and Struve Gallery, Chicago, IL
Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
1983 Fuller Goldeen Gallery, San Francisco, CA
"Joan Brown: From the Studio," Art Gallery, Mills College, Oakland, CA
Koplin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
1982 "Joan Brown, Constructions, Paintings, Drawings," Koplin Gallery, Los Angeles, CA
Hansen Fuller Goldeen Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
1981 University of Hawaii, Honolulu
Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
1980 Hansen Fuller Goldeen Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Fountain Gallery, Portland , OR
Occidental Center Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA
1979 "Joan Brown's Joan Browns,"San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, CA
Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
University Art Museum, Berkeley, CA
Hansen Fuller Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1978 " Joan Brown: The Acrobat Series," Newport Harbor Art Museum, Newport Beach, CA
Fine Arts Center, University of Colorado, Boulder
"Joan Brown Paintings," Davis Gallery, University of Akron, OH
Hansen Fuller Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1977 "Joan Brown: Matrix 30," Wadsworth Athenaeum, Hartford, CT
"Joan Brown: Drawings," Nelson Gallery, University of California, Davis, CA
Clark-Benton Gallery, Santa Fe, NM
Allan Frumkin Gallery, Chicago, IL
1976 Re:Vision Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
Lawson Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Hanson Fuller Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1975 Allan Frumkin Gallery, Chicago, IL
Charles Campbell Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1974 Allan Frumkin Gallery, Chicago, IL
Charles Campbell Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Berkeley Art Museum, Berkeley, CA
1973 "Joan Brown: The Dancer Series," Walter Gallery, San Francisco Art Institute, CA
1971 San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA
1970 Sacramento State College Art Gallery, CA
Lawson Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Hansen Fuller Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1968 Lawson Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Hansen Fuller Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1964 David Stuart Galleries, Los Angeles, CA
Staempfli Gallery, New York, NY
1962 David Stuart Galleries, Los Angeles, CA
1961 David Stuart Galleries, Los Angeles, CA
Staempfli Gallery, New York, NY
Batman Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1960 Staempfli Gallery, San Francisco, CA
"Young America 1960," Whitney Museum of American Art, NY
1959 Batman Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Spatsa Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1958 "77th Annual Painting and Sculpture Exhibition of the San Francisco Art Association,"
San Francisco Museum of Art, CA
1957 Six Gallery, San Francisco, CA
GROUP EXHIBITIONS
2007 “California Context,” Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Madison, WI
1994 "Here and Now: Bay Area Masterworks from the di Rosa Collections", The Oakland
Museum, Oakland, CA
"Around The House", Frumkin/Adams Gallery, New York
1992 "people", The Gallery Three Zero, New York
"Why Painting, Part I", Susan Cummins Gallery , Mill Valley, CA
1990 "Bay Area Figurative Painting," San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CA;
also traveled to; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.;
The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
"Signs of the Self: Changing Perceptions," Woodstock Artists Association, New York, NY
"Northern California Figuration", Natsoulas/Novelozo Gallery, Davis, CA
1989 "Here's Looking at Us: A Selection of Figurative Works from the di Rosa Foundation,"
Rasmussen Art Gallery, Pacific Union College, Angwin, CA
"Personae: Contemporary Portraiture and Self-Portraiture," Islip Art Museum,
New York, NY
"Making Their Mark: Women Artists Move into the Mainstream, 1970-1985" traveling museum
exhibition organized by Randy Rosin Arts Associates
1988 "The Artists of California: A Group Portrait in Mixed Media," Oakland Museum;
Crocker Art Museum, San Francisco: Laguna Art Museum, Laguna Beach, CA
" Large Paintings," Frumkin/Adams Gallery, New York NY
"Just Like A Woman," Greenville County Museum of Art, Greenville, SC
" Lost and Found in California: Four Decades of Assemblage Art,"
James Corcoran Gallery,
Pence Gallery, Shoshana Wayne Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
"Made in the Sixties: Paintings and Sculpture from the Permanent Collection
of the Whitney Museum," Whitney Museum of American Art, Equitable, NY
"6 Artists/6 Idioms" Blaffer Gallery, University of Houston, TX
"Diversity and Presence," Nelson Gallery, University of California, Davis, CA
1987 "Art Is" Art Museum of Santa Cruz County, CA
"Self -Portraits: the Message, the Material," Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY
"The Figure In Context," Koplin Gallery, Los Angeles,, CA
"Self-Portraits by Women Artists," Security Pacific National Bank's Gallery at the Plaza, Los Angeles,
CA
1986 "38th Annual Purchase Exhibition, Hassam and Speicher Fund," American Academy and Institute of
Arts and Letters, New York, NY
1985 "Five Contemporary Painters," CSCS Art Gallery, New York, NY
"Art In the San Francisco Bay Area, 1945-1980," Oakland Museum, CA
"Three Reflections on the World : An Exhibition of Three Milton Avery Distinguished
Visiting Professors in the Arts," Edith C. Blum Art institute, Bard college,
Annandale-On-Hudson, NY
"Chiaroscuro," Art City, New York, NY
"Outline, Cutout, Silhouette," Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
1984 "The 20th Century: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Collection," San Francisco
Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
"Content: A Contemporary Focus, 1974-84," Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington,
D.C. "Disarming Images: Art for Nuclear Disarmament," traveling exhibition organized by Bread & Roses
"The Human Condition: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Biennial III", San Francisco, CA
"The Figure in Contemporary Art," Maier Museum of Art, Randolph-Macon Women's College,
Lynchburg ,VA
"The Figurative Mode: Bay Area Painting, 1956-1966," The Grey Art Gallery,
New York University New York, NY
1983 "California Contemporary," Monterey Peninsula Museum of Art, Monterey, CA
"The 38th Corcoran Biennial Exhibition," Traveling Exhibition Organized by the Corcoran Gallery,
Washington, D.C.
"Language, Drama, Source & Vision," The New Museum, New York, NY
1982 "Realism & Realities: The Other Side of American Paintings, 1940-1960,' Rutgers
University Art Gallery, New Brunswick, NJ
"Early Work," The New Museum, NY
"Self-Portraits," Allan Frumkin Gallery, NY
"Miniatures From San Francisco,' Belca House, Kyoto, Japan
"The West as Art," Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm Sp[rings, CA
"Drawings by Painters," Long Beach Museum of Art: Art Gallery, San Diego;
Oakland Museum, Oakland, CA
"Figures of Mystery," Queens Museum, Queens, NY
" American Exhibition," Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
"Focus on Figure," Whitney Museum, New York, NY
"Northern California Art of the Sixties," De Saisset Museum, University of Santa Clara, CA
1981 "Inside Out: Self Beyond Likeness," Newport Harbor Art Museum,
Newport Beach, CA
"American Paintings of the Sixties and Seventies," Columbus Museum of Art,
Columbus, OH
"Animals: Celebration and Communion," San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, CA
"The Figure: A Celebration," University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND
"Forty Famous Californians," Judith Christian Gallery, New York, NY
1980 "Joan Brown, Robert Colescott, Roy DeForest," Fountain Gallery, Portland, OR
"Figurative Art: Brown, Colescott, Deforest, Provisor, Gaison, Wurm,"
Mandeville Gallery, University of California, La Jolla, CA
"Drawing at the Henry," Henry Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
"American Figure Painting, 1950-1980," Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA
"The 1970's: New American Paintings," organized by the New Museum, NY; Eastern European Tour
"Renderings of the Modern Woman: Figurative Images of Women by Contemporary Artists,"
University of Hartford, CT
1979 "From Allan to Zucker," Texas Gallery, Houston, TX
"Seven on the Figure," Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
"Images 1979," Audrey Strohl Gallery, Memphis, TN
"Large Drawings," Frumkin & Struve Gallery, Chicago, IL
"By The Sea: 20th Century Americans at the Shore," Queens Museum, NY
"Related Figurative Drawings," Hansen Fuller Gallery, San Francisco, CA
"Story Telling In Art," The American Foundation for the Arts, Miami, FL
" Works on Paper: Jack Beal, Joan Brown, James McGarrell," Allan Frumkin Gallery,
New York, NY
1978 " Art on Paper," Weatherspoon Art Gallery, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC
" Collector's Choice," Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH
" Cartoon's," Whitney Museum, Downtown, New York, NY
" Works on Paper," Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
"Sixth International Exhibition of Original Drawings," Museum of Modern Art, Rijeka, Yugoslavia
" West Coast Artists," New Gallery of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, OH
" Bad Painting," The New Museum, New York, NY
1977 " Representations of America," The Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco;
Metropolitan Museum, New York and Soviet Tour
Clark Benton Gallery, Santa Fe, NM
" Recent Art from San Francisco," exhibition organized by the San Francisco
Museum of Modern Art for the Hague, Amsterdam
" Art Works," Hansen Fuller Gallery, San Francisco, CA
" Critic's Choice," Lowe Art Gallery, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY
" Biennial Exhibition," Whitney Museum, Ne w York, NY
" California Figurative Painters," Tortue Gallery, Santa Monica, CA
1976 " Painting and Sculpture in California: The Modern Era," San Francisco Museum of
Modern Art; The National Collection of Fine Art, Washington, D.C.
" A Bicentennial Exhibition," Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
" Retrospective of Sculpture in the Bay Area," James Willis Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1975 " Color, Light and Image," Woman's Interart Center, New York, NY
" Hansen Fuller Gallery Pays Tribute to the San Francisco Art Institute," Hansen Fuller Gallery, San
Francisco, CA
" California Gold," JPL Fine Arts Gallery, London, England
" Group Show," Charles Campbell Gallery, San Francisco, CA
" Bay Area Artists Exhibition," Oakland Museum, Oakland, CA
" Summer Show," Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York, NY
" Art as a Muscular Principle: Ten Artists & San Francisco 1950-1965," Mount Holyoke College,
South Hadley, MA
" Matrix: A Changing Exhibition of Contemporary Art," Wadsworth Athenaeum,
Hartford, CT
" Portrait Painting 1970-1975," Allan Gallery, New York, NY
1973 " Elmer Bischoff, Joan Brown, Gordon Cook, George Lloyd: New Drawings,"
Charles Campbell Gallery, San Francisco, CA
" Exhibition of Studio Drawings," Oakland Museum, Oakland, CA
1972 " Invitational," Crocker Art Gallery, Sacramento, CA
" Annual Exhibition," Whitney Museum, New York, NY
1971 " San Francisco Art Institute Centennial Exhibition," San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San
Francisco, CA
1970 " A Century of California Painting 1870- 1970," traveling exhibition organized by
the Crocker Bank
1969 " Young America, 1969" Whitney Museum, New York, NY
1968 " The Humanist Tradition in Contemporary American Painting," The New School
Art Center, New York, NY
" Annual Invitational Drawing Show," San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco, CA
1967 " Painters Behind Painters," California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, CA
" Brown, Griffin, Hemingway, Tondre," Hansen Fuller Gallery, San Francisco, CA
" Funk," University Art Museum, Berkeley, CA
1966 " Three California Painters: Elmer Bischoff, Joan Brown, David Park,"
Staempfli Gallery, New York, NY
1965 " Portraits From the American Art World," New School Art Center, New York, NY
" Selections from the Work of California Artists," Witte Memorial Museum, San Antonio, TX
1964 " Joan Brown/ Manuel Neri," David Stuart Galleries, Los Angeles, CA
" Seven California Painters," Staempfli Gallery, New York, NY
" Current Paining and Sculpture in the Bay Area," Stanford University Museum, Palo Alto, CA
1963 " Beal, Brown, Glavin, Henderson," Art Unlimited, San Francisco, CA
" Phelan Award Exhibition," M.H. de young Memorial Museum, San Francisco, CA
1962 " The Nude," California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, CA
1961 " Contemporary American Painting and Sculpture," Krannart Art Museum, University of Illinois,
Champaign, IL
" 64th Annual Exhibition," Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1960 " Women in American Art," World House Galleries, New York, NY
" Young America, 1960," Whitney Museum, New York, NY
1958 " Annual Paining and Sculpture Exhibition," San Francisco Museum of Modern Art,
San Franscisco, CA
1957 " Annual Exhibition," Richmond Art Center, Richmond, CA

Public Collections:
American Federation of the Arts, New York, NY
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
University Art Museum, Berkeley, CA
Art Galleries, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
Miami-Dade Community College, Miami, FL
Clark Art Institute, Williams College, Williamstown, MA
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.
Oakland Museum, Oakland, CA
Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA
Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles, CA
Newport Harbor Art Museum, Newport Beach, CA
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Madison Art Center, Madison, WI
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, PA
The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA

** If you discover credit omissions or have additional information to add, please let us know at registrar@AskART.com.


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