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 Laura Woodward  (1834 - 1926)

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Lived/Active: New York/Florida      Known for: landscape, coastal views and still-life painting

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Biography from Edward and Deborah Pollack Fine Art, LLC:
Laura Woodward (1834-1926)

She was Florida's most important nineteenth-century woman artist, one of its greatest publicists, and integral to the development of Palm Beach County.  She was born in Mount Hope in Orange County, New York, on March 18, 1834, and by the early 1870s she was a professional artist living in New York City.  She painted in the Catskills, the White Mountains, the Adirondacks, the Green Mountains, and captured the Maine and Massachusetts coasts and the Connecticut, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania landscapes on canvas as well.  A member of the Hudson River and White Mountain Schools, she exhibited at the American Art Gallery, National Academy of Design, Boston Art Club, Brooklyn Art Association, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Centennial Exhibition of 1876, and several other venues including numerous Midwest and southern expositions.  Her reviews in the New York Times, the Brooklyn Eagle and art publications of the day were glowing and her paintings commanded higher prices than some of her male colleagues.

Woodward began to spend the winters in St. Augustine, Florida, in the 1880s and by the end of 1889 she had joined Martin Johnson Heade and the other artists at Henry M. Flagler's Ponce de Leon Hotel.  She was disappointed in St. Augustine because it was not as tropical as she had hoped, so she traveled throughout Florida searching for exotic plants and flowers.  She was told of how beautiful Palm Beach was and made the arduous trip south to discover the true tropical foliage she was longing for.  By 1890 Woodward was spending time in Palm Beach and Jupiter, painting outside amid what was then largely jungle and swampland inhabited by panthers, bears, and numerous alligators.  She brought her watercolor sketches of that area back to St. Augustine where she became famous for her renderings of the "curious" Royal Poinciana tree and its blossoms.  The media determined she should be "adopted by the entire state" of Florida due to the way she publicized its natural beauties.

According to documented and corroborated family history, she told Henry Morrison Flagler that Palm Beach should be developed as a resort, using her paintings as full-color evidence of her visionary ideas.  Flagler listened to Laura, was compelled by her art, and bought property in the same locations depicted in her paintings.  When Flagler was constructing his Palm Beach Hotel Royal Poinciana in 1893, he established a temporary studio for Woodward there--a permanent one was included when the hotel was completed in 1894.  His newspapers also acknowledged Woodward as being responsible for publicizing the allure of the east coast of Florida to the entire nation.  Although she often visited New York and various parts of Florida, Woodward made Palm Beach her home from 1893-1926.

One of the Florida areas visited by Woodward was Miami and the regions around it.  She painted Seminoles in their dugout canoes and also sketched in the Everglades--despite the dangerous conditions there.  In 1895, Laura, her sister Libbie, and Mrs. Julia Tuttle had an exciting adventure on the Miami River.  Woodward's works of  Miami and its environs, as well as many other Florida locales, were well-received by the Florida and New York media and collected by prominent art patrons.

Laura Woodward became nationally well-known for her delicate renderings in oil and watercolor of unspoiled nature throughout Florida.  In 1920, when the Palm Beach Art League was founded, Woodward became an honorary member. Tragically, due to failing eyesight, she was unable to continue painting by then but remained highly regarded as the famous Florida artist and the pioneer artist of Palm Beach.  She continued living in Palm Beach until 1926 when, at the age of 92, it was necessary for her to move to St. Cloud where her caregivers lived. She died shortly thereafter on May 9, 1926.  Copyright, Deborah C. Pollack

Sources include:
Petty's, Dictionary of Women Artists, New York Times, 1872-1880s; Art Amateur, 1880s; Palm Beach Daily News, 1897 - 1926; Maybelle Mann, Florida Artists: 1564-1945; Palm Beach Times, 1924; The Tatler, St. Augustine; 1892,  Orange County Times, etc.

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