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Ferdinand Bol, a Dutch portrait, history scene and still-life painter
who was a student of Rembrandt van Rijn, was born in Dordrecht,
Holland in 1616. He studied in Rembrandt’s studio around 1635,
and this association had a strong influence on the early painting of
Bol, but as he got older, his palette became increasingly lighter and
distanced from his Master.
Bol was the son of a successful surgeon, and his early art training,
before he studied with Rembrandt, was in his home town of
Dordrecht. The fact that in 1640, he was a legal witness to a
document about Saskia, the wife of Rembrandt, suggests he was then a
studio assistant and likely close to the family.
By 1642, he set up his own studio in Amsterdam, and at first did
painting that closely resembled Rembrandt's including portraits "with
sitters posed by a window---and exotically costumed single figures."
(Getty) His paintings during this period so closely resembled
Rembrandt that many of them later were confused with his work.
Then in 1650 he became more independent in style.
He was highly successful and "no other painter in Amsterdam equaled him
in receiving official commissions." Likely the fact he was
married to a woman of a prominent family helped.
For most of his professional life, he lived and worked primarily in
Amsterdam, where he died in 1680. Among his signifcant painting
were local history subjects including the new town hall of
Amsterdam. In 1669, he quit painting, having married a very
wealthy widow, and from that time the popularity of his work dropped
Ferdinand Bol, Rijksmuseum, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Bol
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