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 George Hanmer (Hammer) Croughton  (1843 - 1920)

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Lived/Active: New York / England      Known for: painting, photography, illustration

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
The following biography is from Kevin Daniel, whose sources are cited in the text.

George Hanmer Croughton was born in April 1843 in London, England.  He was a painter, photographer, and illustrator.  He studied at the National School of Arts at South Kensington under Thomas Sydney Cooper, and in Antwerp and Paris.  He was a member of and held several positions with the Rochester Art Club Rochester, NY starting in 1892, including vice president and president.

He exhibited at the International Expo in London in 1863 where he won a medal, at the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Exhibit in 1864 where he won a medal, one floral watercolor at the Society of British Artists in 1874, and at the Cotton Centennial Exhibition, New Orleans in 1885 where he won a medal.

He was married in September 1865 in Bath, England to Charlotte Morgan.  They had five daughters and one son.  None of his daughters married, and his son was committed to an insane asylum before 1920.  Two of his daughters became writers.

He emigrated with his whole family to the US in 1886.  He was a frequent traveler to Europe,  and I found two references to trips made on the Lusitania.

Croughton had an early interest in photography, and in 1876 an article written by him was published in the British Journal of Photography.  He spoke about his article topic at the Edinburgh Photographic Society on 2 February 1876.  He was a frequent speaker and writer on the subject of photography for several decades both in the UK and the USA.

He was a member and President of the Rochester Camera Club.  Croughton also worked as a photographic paper manufacturer in Rochester in the early 1900s before devoting himself entirely to photography and painting.  I have seen several references to his work as an art critic, probably of photographic art.

He is listed in Who Was Who in American Art by Falk, Dictionary of Victorian Painters by Wood, Mallett's Index of Artists, and Davenport's Art Reference and Price Guide.

Croughton died at this home in Rochester, New York on 15 April 1920.  His death was reported in The New York Times on 17 April 1920.  His obituary noted that he was a photographer and painter of portraits and miniatures and that he had painted miniatures of the British Royal Family.


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