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 Johann Hermann Carmiencke  (1810 - 1867)

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Lived/Active: New York / Denmark/Germany      Known for: landscape and rural genre painting

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Hermann Johan Carmienke is primarily known as Johann Hermann Carmiencke

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Johann Hermann Carmiencke
from Auction House Records.
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Born in Hamburg, Germany, Johann Carmiencke spent most of his career in Europe with the last sixteen years in America where his reputation remains as a romantic landscape painter of the Hudson River School.  He was unlike most members of that school who were American born, and his paintings tend to be darker and more rustic.

He studied art in Dresden, Copenhagen and Leipzig and then, having traveled in Sweden, Germany and Italy, became court painter to the King of Denmark from 1846 to 1851.

He settled in Brooklyn, New York and exhibited at the National Academy of Design, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Maryland Historical Society.

Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art
Peter Falk, Who Was Who in American Art

Biography from Schwarz Gallery:
Born in Hamburg, Germany, Johann Hermann Carmiencke first studied art in Dresden as a student of Johann Christian Dahl (1788-1857).  In 1834 he went to Copenhagen and studied at the Danish Academy of Art.  After a period of study in Leipzig, Germany, he returned to Copenhagen in 1838 and became a Danish citizen.

He traveled throughout Sweden, Germany, and Austria and visited Italy from 1845 to 1846.  Carmiencke was appointed court painter that year to Christian VIII, King of Denmark, and at some point befriended Hans Christian Anderson. 

In 1851, alarmed at the anti-German sentiment in Denmark following that country's war with Germany in 1848, he immigrated to the United States and settled in Brooklyn.   Carmiencke sketched directly from nature and composed dramatic, meticulously executed views in his studio that reflect his European academic training.  He painted in the Catskills and Adirondacks and has been associated with the Hudson River School tradition.

Carmiencke was also a noted engraver and etcher.  He was a member of the Artists' Fund Society of New York and the Brooklyn Art Association.  He exhibited at the National Academy of Design from 1853 to 1859, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1855 and 1867, the Boston Athenaeum in 1861 and 1862, and the Maryland Historical Society. 

Carmiencke and twenty-three other artists left the Brooklyn Art Association in 1866 and founded the Brooklyn Academy of Design. 

One of his students was Carleton Wiggins (1848-1932).   Carmiencke died in Brooklyn.

Notes: 1. For biographical information on the artist, see Janet A. Flint, Johann Hermann Carmiencke: Drawings and Watercolors [exh. cat.] (Washington, D.C.: National Collection of Fine Arts, 1973).

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Hermann Carmienke is also mentioned in these AskART essays:
Hudson River School Painters

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