| Hermann Johan Carmienke is primarily known as Johann Hermann Carmiencke
Ad Code: 3
from Auction House Records.
VIEW OF THE WATERFALL AT STORA MOLLAN, SWEDEN
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Born in Hamburg, Germany, Johann Carmiencke spent most of his career in
Europe with the last sixteen years in America where his reputation
remains as a romantic landscape painter of the Hudson River
School. He was unlike most members of that school who were
American born, and his paintings tend to be darker and more rustic. |
studied art in Dresden, Copenhagen and Leipzig and then, having
traveled in Sweden, Germany and Italy, became court painter to the King
of Denmark from 1846 to 1851.
He settled in Brooklyn, New York and exhibited at the National Academy
of Design, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Maryland
Michael David Zellman, 300 Years of American Art
Peter Falk, Who Was Who in American Art
|Biography from Schwarz Gallery:|
|Born in Hamburg, Germany, Johann Hermann Carmiencke first studied art
in Dresden as a student of Johann Christian Dahl (1788-1857). In
1834 he went to Copenhagen and studied at the Danish Academy of
Art. After a period of study in Leipzig, Germany, he returned to
Copenhagen in 1838 and became a Danish citizen. |
He traveled throughout Sweden, Germany, and Austria and visited Italy
from 1845 to 1846. Carmiencke was appointed court painter that
year to Christian VIII, King of Denmark, and at some point befriended
Hans Christian Anderson.
In 1851, alarmed at the anti-German
sentiment in Denmark following that country's war with Germany in 1848,
he immigrated to the United States and settled in Brooklyn.
Carmiencke sketched directly from nature and composed dramatic,
meticulously executed views in his studio that reflect his European
academic training. He painted in the Catskills and Adirondacks
and has been associated with the Hudson River School tradition.
Carmiencke was also a noted engraver and etcher. He was a member of the
Artists' Fund Society of New York and the Brooklyn Art
Association. He exhibited at the National Academy of Design from
1853 to 1859, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1855 and
1867, the Boston Athenaeum in 1861 and 1862, and the Maryland
Carmiencke and twenty-three other artists
left the Brooklyn Art Association in 1866 and founded the Brooklyn
Academy of Design.
One of his students was Carleton Wiggins
(1848-1932). Carmiencke died in Brooklyn.
1. For biographical information on the artist, see Janet A. Flint, Johann Hermann Carmiencke: Drawings and Watercolors [exh. cat.] (Washington, D.C.: National Collection of Fine Arts, 1973).
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Hermann Carmienke is also mentioned in these AskART essays:
Hudson River School Painters