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 Gustave-Francois Den Duyts  (1850 - 1897)

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Lived/Active: Belgium      Known for: landscape painting, etching, printmaking

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Ad Code: 4
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from Auction House Records.
Coucher de soleil sur le marais
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Gustave-Francois Den Duyts was a Flemish painter , watercolorist , pastellist , etcher and printmaker, known for his landscapes.

He was born in an art-loving family. His father was the artist Charles Den Duyts. His grandfather, French Den Duyts, was in 1824 appointed as Custodian of the collections of the newly created Ghent University in 1832. His job was Keeper of the Cabinet of Commemorative Coins and Antiquities of the Ghent University.

Gustave Den Duyts married in 1895. On 5 April 1897, his daughter was born. Already from childhood came his artist talent but he never studied at an academy; he was a true autodidact. At the age of 23, he chose the name, The Duyts for painting.

In 1874 he took part in the first Triennial Salon of Ghent. He had a studio in the Drabstraat, the street where painter Ferdinand Willaert lived until his death. With painter Jean Delvin , director of the Ghent Academy of Fine Arts, De Duyts shared use of the garden house No 36, and this workshop was retained until his death in 1897.

His graphic work was quickly noticed. The etchings Farm in Flanders and Farmer Stulp to Groenendael in 1875 earned him a prize in the contest organized by the magazine Journal des Beaux-Arts.  On the Fifth Exhibition of the Association of Gentsche Art Practice Egyptians, where he collaborated in exhibition with Jean Delvin exhibited, he received criticism due to modern "indeterminate forms and (color) spots", which 'compel the eyes half closed pinch the presentation to discern ... "

This vagueness of his painting may he regarded as a precursor of the Flemish Impressionism .

Already proficient before 1880 Gustave Den Duyts studied through the Arts Society and the Cercle Artistique in Ghent, where he had close contact with Jean Delvin and Armand Heins , and among others Fernand Scribe. They would together become the leading members of the Ghent art scene in the 1870s.

Gustave Den Duyts had early success abroad and won a medal at the Paris Salon in 1877.
In 1881 the Museum acquired from him, Ghent Panoramic view of the city.

In 1883 Den Duyts got pneumonia, which would degenerate into phthisis, a lingering illness until his death in 1897.

Because in his own city, he began to feel misunderstood, he left Ghent in 1887 and moved to Brussels but kept his studio in Ghent.

Regularly he continued to contribute to the Triennial Salons Ghent, as in 1892 and 1895. In 1892 he received the honorary degree of Dresdner Kunstgenossenschaft occasion of the third international exhibition of watercolors, etchings, pastels and drawings. The largest part of his oeuvre is landscapes. The fields, the woods, the trees, the rivers, the banks, its ponds, forest roads ... ... Often with a sunset or a Moonrise. Typically, the work would be seasonal, either fall or winter.

As a graphic artist he published an album with twelve etchings Douze eaux-fortes the Gustave Den Duyts (and year out. Unknown). The writing of this landscape etching is extremely daring.

Another aspect of the creativity of Gustave Den Duyts was his activity as a designer of floats for historical pageants; his assignments came from public authorities. Such assignments often involved research in connection with the exactness of costumes, folk customs and scenery.
One of his finest floats commemorated that the 300th year of the Pacification of Ghent.


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