Born in North Adams, Massachusetts, Darby was a self-taught portrait painter, who nevertheless received some instruction from itinerant painters. He may have painted in oils as early as 1842. His painting of the Reverend John Atwood and His Family in the Museum of Fine Arts iin Here Darby’s style is that of a determined New England limner.
In 1847 Darby became a teacher at the South Carolina Female College in Barhamville, returning North soon thereafter, to live in New York City and Brooklyn from 1853 to 1860. During that time, he exhibited portraits at the annual exhibitions of the National Academy of Design. In 1859-60 he showed paintings of John C. Calhoun and Clay.
During a short marriage, Darby divided his time between Brooklyn, his wife’s family home in Brownsville, New York, and Washington, D.C. His wife died in 1858, and Darby stopped painting portraits. He left his daughter in the care if his wife's family, and began studying for the ministry. in 1865 he became deacon of St. John’s Episcopal Church in Whitesboro, New York in 1865, and sailed to England in 1869, where he briefly served the Anglican Church.
By 1873 he was back in America, serving at Saint Saviour’s Church in Bridgeport, Connecticut. Darby later moved to New York City; he continued painting and exhibiting, mostly religious themes.
information courtesy of Melinda Stuart.