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 Oscar Dominguez Palazon  (1906 - 1957)

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Lived/Active: Spain/France      Known for: surrealist and cubist painting

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Oscar Domínguez is primarily known as Oscar Dominguez Palazon

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Oscar M. Dominguez (January 3, 1906 – December 31, 1957) was a Spanish surrealist* painter.  Born in San Cristóbal de La Laguna on the island of Tenerife, Domínguez spent his youth with his grandmother in Tacoronte and devoted himself to painting at a young age after suffering a serious illness which affected his growth and caused a progressive deformation of his facial bone frame and limbs.

He went to Paris at 21 where he first worked for his father in the central market of Les Halles, and spent his nights drinking in cabarets.  He then frequented some art schools, and visited galleries and museums.

Dominguez was rapidly attracted by avant-garde* painters, notably Yves Tanguy and Pablo Picasso, whose influences were visible in his first works.  At 25 he painted a self-portrait full of premonition as he showed himself with a deformed hand and with the veins of his arm cut. He chose to kill himself 27 years later by cutting his veins.

In 1933, Domínguez met André Breton, a theoretician of Surrealism, and Paul Éluard, known as the poet of this movement, and took part a year later in the Surrealist exhibition held in Copenhagen and those of London and Tenerife in 1936.

He took up the Russian-invented technique of decalcomania* in 1936, using gouache* spread thinly on a sheet of paper or other surface (glass has been used), which is then pressed onto another surface such as a canvas.

In 1952 he started an affair with Marie-Laure de Noailles

He committed suicide on 31 December 1957, slitting his wrists in the bath.  Marie-Laure arranged to have him interred in the Bischoffsheim family mausoleum in the Montparnasse cemetery.

Source: Wikipedia,

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