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 Robert Engman  (1927 - )

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Lived/Active: Pennsylvania      Known for: sculptor, sketch mod imagery

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Ad Code: 3
AskART Artist
from Auction House Records.
"JACK"
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
The following is from the artist, Robert M Engman, 37 Marple Road, Haverford, Pennsylvania:

EDUCATION
Rhode Island School of Design, B FA 1948-52
Yale University, M F.A Painting 1952-53
M F A Sculpture 1953-54

TEACHING
Drawing, Rhode Island School of Design, 1951-52
Instructor in Sculpture, Yale University, 1954-58
Director of Graduate Studies in sculpture, Yale University, 1960-64
Director of Graduate Studies in sculpture, University of Pennsylvania, 1964 to
present
Co-Chair of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania, 1970-1987
Acting Chair of Fine Arts,University of Pennsylvania, 1989

VISITING LECTURER AND CRITIC
School of Architecture, Princeton University
Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Maryland Institute, Baltimore, Md.
Reinhart School, Baltimore. Md.
Rhode Island School of Design,Providence. R I.
School of Architecture, University of Texas
Graduate School of Fine Arts,University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pa
Cleveland Institute of Fine Arts,Cleveland. Ohio
Harvard University. Cambridge, Mass
Yale School of Art and architecture, New Haven. Conn.
Ohio State University, Columbus,Ohio
Skidmore College. Saratoga Springs, New York
Swarthmore College, Swarthmore,Pa.
Cooper Union, New York City
Pratt Institute. New York City
Parsons School of Art, New York City
College of William and Mary,Williamsburg, Va.
University of Northern Iowa
Maine College of Art, Portland,Maine

GROUP EXHIBITIONS
Recent Sculpture USA, Museum of modern Art, New York City, 1958
Boston Arts Festival. 1957-1961
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass. 1959
Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, Texas 1959
Museum of Fine Arts, Los Angeles,Cal. 1959
Aspects of American Sculpture. Paris, France 1959
Sao Paulo Biennale, Sao Paulo,Brazil 1961
Whitney Annual, New York City 1964,65
Guggenheim Museum, New York City 1962
American Pavilion, Helsinki,Finland 1962
Retrospective Exhibition, Hayden Gallery, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology 1966
Structural Sculpture, Gallery Chalette, New York City 1961-63
University Gallery, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Va. 1978
Montpelier Cultural Arts Center,Laurel, Md. 1989
Ross Gallery, University of Pennsylvania. 1993

ONE MAN SHOWS
Stable Gallery, New York City 1958,60,62,64
Represented by Stable Gallery from 1958-1964
Kenegis Gallery, Boston,Massachusetts 1966
John Bernard Meyers Gallery, New York City, 1972
Fishback Gallery, New York City 1978
Represented by Fishback Gallery,New York City, 1973-1

REPRESENTED IN COLLECTIONS OF
Container Corporation of America, New York City
Joseph Hirshhorn, New York City
Mrs. Frederick Hilles, New Haven, Conn.
Yale University Art Gallery. New Haven, Conn.
Museum of Modern Art, New YorkCity
Whitney Museum, New York City
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass.
Ms. Phyllis Lambert, New York City
Ms. Florence Gif ford, Wilton,Conn.
Mrs. Richard Rogers, New York City
Mr. and Mrs. Josef Albers, Orange,Conn.
Mr. Walter Netsch Jr., Skidmore,Owings and Merril, Chicago, Illinois
New York City
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Revere Copper and Aluminum Co.
Ms. Estelle Dodge, New York City
Taubman Associates, Detroit, Michigan
City of Philadelphia
Hirschhorn Museum, Washington, DC
University of Northern Iowa, CedarFalls, Iowa
College of William and Mary, Williamsburg. Va.
American College, Bryn Mawr, Pa.
University of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia, Pa.
Morris Arboretum, Chestnut Hill, Pa.
Alex Ewing, Architect, Pine ValleyGolf Club, New Jersey
Benchmark School, Media, Pa.

PUBLICATIONS: COMMISSIONS
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
City of Jerusalem for Independence Park
City of New York
The Girard Bank with the FidelityMutual Life Insurance Company (donated to
the people of Philadelphia)
Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania
Joseph Hirschhorn
Revere Copper and Aluminum Company
Korman Corporation for EastwickHousing Project, Philadelphia, Pa.
IBM Corporation, Atlanta, Georgia
Temple Mishran Israel, North HavenConn.
University of Northern Iowa, CedarFalls, Iowa
College of William and Mary,Williamsburg, Virginia
American College, Bryn Mawr, Pa.
University of Pennsylvania Schoolof Medicine
United Virginia Bank (now SignetBank), Richmond, Va.
Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania.

WORK IN MUSEUMS
Hartford Athenaeum
Boston Museum of Fine Arts
Wellesley College Museum
Museum of Modern Art, New YorkCity
Whitney Museum, New York City
Hirschhorn Museum, Washington D.C.
Yale Gallery. Yale University, NewHaven. Conn.
Museum of Fine Arts. Dallas Texas

OTHER
Member: Senior Advisory Committeeon International Exchange of persons,
Conference Board Associated Research Councils, Fulbright Commission,
Washington DC
Received: Morse TravelingFellowship from Yale University 1962-64
Commissioner of Fine Arts for theCity of Philadelphia, appointed by Mayor
James H. J. Tate 1968-72
Honorary MFA, University of Pennsylvania, 1970
Artist in Residence. College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va. 1978
Rhode Island School of Design Alumni Award, 1975
Associate, National Associationfor the Advancement of the Arts.
Degree of Doctor of Laws, in Honoris, Maine College of Art, May 15, 1988




























Robert M Engman
37 Marple Road
Haverford, Pa. 19041
(215) 642-6087

EDUCATION

Rhode Island School of Design, B FA 1948-52
Yale University, M F.A Painting 1952-53
M F A Sculpture 1953-54

TEACHING

Drawing, Rhode Island School ofDesign, 1951-52
Instructor in Sculpture, YaleUniversity, 1954-58
Director of Graduate Studies inSculpture, Yale University, 1960-64
Director of Graduate Studies inSculpture, University of Pennsylvania, 1964 to
present
Co-Chair of Fine Arts, Universityof Pennsylvania, 1970-1987
Acting Chair of Fine Arts,University of Pennsylvania, 1989

VISITING LECTURER AND CRITIC

School of Architecture, PrincetonUniversity
Carnegie Institute of Technology,Pittsburgh, Pa.
Maryland Institute, Baltimore, Md.
Reinhart School, Baltimore. Md.
Rhode Island School of Design,Providence. R I.
School of Architecture, Universityof Texas
Graduate School of Fine Arts,University of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Academy of the FineArts, Philadelphia, Pa
Cleveland Institute of Fine Arts,Cleveland. Ohio
Harvard University. Cambridge.Mass
Yale School of Art andArchitecture, New Haven. Conn.
Ohio State University, Columbus,Ohio
Skidmore College. SaratogaSprings, New York
Swarthmore College, Swarthmore,Pa.
Cooper Union, New York City
Pratt Institute. New York City
Parsons School of Art, New YorkCity
College of William and Mary,Williamsburg, Va.
University of Northern Iowa
Maine College of Art, Portland,Maine









GROUP EXHIBITIONS

Recent Sculpture USA, Museum ofModern Art, New York City, 1958
Boston Arts Festival. 1957-1961
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass.1959
Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, Texas1959
Museum of Fine Arts, Los Angeles,Cal. 1959
Aspects of American Sculpture.Paris, France 1959
Sao Paulo Bienale, Sao Paulo,Brazil 1961
Whitney Annual, New York City1964,65
Guggenheim Museum, New York City1962
American Pavilion, Helsinki,Finland 1962
Retrospective Exhibition, HaydenGallery, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology 1966
Structural Sculpture, GalleryChalette, New York City 1961-63
University Gallery, Old DominionUniversity, Norfolk, Va. 1978
Montpelier Cultural Arts Center,Laurel, Md. 1989
Ross Gallery, University ofPennsylvania . 1993

ONE MAN SHOWS

Stable Gallery, New York City1958,60,62,64
Represented by Stable Gallery from1958-1964
Kenegis Gallery, Boston,Massachusetts 1966
John Bernard Meyers Gallery, NewYork City, 1972
Fishback Gallery, New York City1978
Represented by Fishback Gallery,New York City, 1973-1

REPRESENTED IN COLLECTIONS OF:

Container Corporation of America,New York City
Joseph Hirshhorn, New York City
Mrs. Frederick Hilles, New Haven,Conn.
Yale University Art Gallery. NewHaven. Conn.
Museum of Modern Art, New YorkCity
Whitney Museum, New York City
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass.
Ms. Phyllis Lambert, New York City
Ms. Florence Gif ford, Wilton,Conn.
Mrs. Richard Rogers, New York City
Mr. and Mrs. Josef Albers, Orange,Conn.
Mr. Walter Netsch Jr., Skidmore,Owings and Merril, Chicago, Illinois
New York City
Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology
Revere Copper and Aluminum Co.
Ms. Estelle Dodge, New York City
Taubman Associates, Detroit, Michigan
City of Philadelphia
Hirschhorn Museum, Washington, DC
University of Northern Iowa, CedarFalls, Iowa
College of William and Mary,Williamsburg. Va.
American College, Bryn Mawr, Pa.
(Represented in
Collections of: cont.)
University of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia, Pa.
Morris Arboretum, Chestnut Hill,Pa.
Alex Ewing, Architect, Pine ValleyGolf Club, New Jersey
Benchmark School, Media, Pa.

PUBLICATIONS:

"Artist at Work" byBernard Chaet (interview) published by Webb
Books, Inc., Cambridge, Mass., 1960
"A Credo" by RobertEngman from "Art and the Artist" in
Best of the Yale LiteraryMagazine, Centennial Edition, 1961
Contributing Essay to: TheCreative Experience, by Rosner and Abt.
Film: by Channel 6 Television,Philadelphia, Pa. Title, "Views of a
Sculptor," 25 minutes by RonKantor, film maker for Girard Trust and
Fidelity Mutual Life Insurance Company.
Film: Title, "ImageMaking," 25 minutes

COMMISSIONS

Massachusetts Institute ofTechnology
City of Jerusalem for IndependencePark
City of New York
The Girard Bank with the FidelityMutual Life Insurance Company (donated to
the people of Philadelphia)
Department of Chemistry,University of Pennsylvania
Joseph Hirschhorn
Revere Copper and Aluminum Company
Korman Corporation for EastwickHousing Project, Philadelphia, Pa.
IBM Corporation, Atlanta, Georgia
Temple Mishran Israel, North HavenConn.
University of Northern Iowa, CedarFalls, Iowa
College of William and Mary,Williamsburg, Virginia
American College, Bryn Mawr, Pa.
University of Pennsylvania Schoolof Medicine
United Virginia Bank (now SignetBank), Richmond, Va.
Graduate School of Fine Arts,University of Pennsylvania.

WORK IN MUSEUMS

Hartford Athenaeum
Boston Museum of Fine Arts
Wellesley College Museum
Museum of Modern Art, New YorkCity
Whitney Museum, New York City
Hirschhorn Museum, Washington D.C.
Yale Gallery. Yale University, NewHaven. Conn.
Museum of Fine Arts. Dallas Texas




OTHER

Member: Senior Advisory Committeeon International Exchange of persons,
Conference Board Associated ResearchCouncils, Fulbright Commission,
Washington DC
Received: Morse TravelingFellowship from Yale University 1962-64
Commissioner of Fine Arts for theCity of Philadelphia, appointed by Mayor
James H. J. Tate 1968-72
Honorary MFA, University ofPennsylvania, 1970
Artist in Residence. College ofWilliam and Mary, Williamsburg, Va. 1978
Rhode Island School of DesignAlumni Award, 1975
Associate, National Associationfor the Advancement of the Arts.
Degree of Doctor of Laws, inHonoris, Maine College of Art, May 15, 1988







































STRUCTURAL SCULPTURE
It is more than 40 years sinceGestalt psychology discovered, and proved, that
three-dimensionality is easier,and earlier, perceived than
two-dimensionality. This means it is more difflcultto recognize 2 dimensions
than 3 dimensions.
It is unfortunate thatteachingparticularly art teachinghas made little or
no use of this importantdiscovery.
So it has been overlooked, thatchildren build before they paint; that
children make constructions before theycome to make pictureswhich are
abstractions because of theirtwo-dimensionality.
It seems plausible therefore, toconsider visual articulation in volume an
earlier formulation than that in lineand plane; consequently, to think of
sculpture as older than drawing andpainting.
Following the history of sculpture,it is amazing to see for how long it has
restricted itself to
volume almost exclusively.
Whether we distinguish herebetween factual and actual volume, or positive and
negative volume, it is truenow that carving and modelingdirect or
indirectare being challenged byadditive concepts and additive techniques.
Evolution follows the rule ofactionreaction, or action-counteraction. Thus,
centuries of preeminentlyvoluminous sculpture are being confronted today by a
strong trend toward linearsculpture, toward sculpture combined and
constructed.
able to stand its clean face: andmost could not resist the temptation to
employ wire, again, as armature, asreinforcement. Again, summation became the
fashion, in sculpture by solderingand welding, as in painting by pasting
collages.
But finally a few independentonesonly a few in sculpture, as a few in
architecturewere courageous enoughto concentrate on the planethe
in-between of volume and lineas a broadsculptural concept and promise.
It is a promise, truly new andtruly exciting: Structural Sculpture.
Because it traverses continuallythe separation of 2 and 3 dimensions.

Josef Albers
Reprinted courtesy Stable Gallery
January 1960












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