|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|Emmanuel Galanis Demetrios, also known as Demetrius Emmanuel Galanis,
was a Greek painter who became a naturalized Frenchman. He
was born in Athens on 22 May 1882 and died in Paris on 20 March
1966. First a satirical cartoonist and landscape painter, he
later became involved in printmaking including woodcuts, etchings and
In Paris, he entered the studio of Fernand Cormon at the School of Fine
Arts in 1900. He worked in collaboration with food comic or
satirical French newspapers such as L'Assiette au Beurre, Le Cri de Paris], Gil Blas, Le Rire, Le Canard Sauvage, and German publications, such as Simplicissimus, Lustige Blätter. Meanwhile, Galanis also produced advertising posters.
From 1904 he exhibited at the Salon of the Societe Nationale des
Beaux-Arts, and also at the Salon d'Automne, and the Salon of Comedians
at the Salon des Independents
In Paris, Galanis frequented intellectual circles and met Jean Moreas,
Derain, Matisse, Nonda and Maillol. His aesthetic is closer to
that of Matisse than Maillol. Galanis is the first artist of
Greek origin to be recognized as a full member of the European
avant-garde. In 1912, he participated with the Cubist exhibition
at the Section d'Or. His work consists mainly of painted
landscapes, especially of the south of France, and still lifes, which
he exhibited at the Salon des Independents in 1914. During the
First World War , he joined the Foreign Legion and in Corfu, he
acquired French citizenship.
Upon his return from the War, Galanis abandoned cartoons and worked in
printmaking, first doing woodcuts and then etchings . For burning wood,
he uses an illustration technique of the nineteenth century.
In 1920, the year he completed his Seated Nude, he participated
in an exhibition alongside other proponents of modern art such as
Matisse and Braque. In 1921, he exhibited with Juan Gris, Dufy,
Chagall and Picasso.
In early 1920, well known in France, Galanis prepared submissions to
Brussels, London and New York. In 1922, he had his first solo
gallery exhibition, which was at The Unicorn and which raised the
enthusiasm of critics and reinforced his reputation. In his
preface to the exhibition catalog, Andre Malraux, Minister of Culture,
describes his work as "being capable of causing emotions similar to
those of Giotto."
For the International Exhibition of Paris in 1937, Galanis produced four stamps and one of them, Genius, was issued September 15, 1936.
Professor at the National School of Fine Arts, he was elected a member of the Academy of Fine Arts in 1945.
His son Jean-Sebastien Galanis, engaged in the French Navy, disappeared at sea in a submarine during the Second World War.
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