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Eva Gonzalès was born in Paris into the family of the writer Emmanuel Gonzalèz. In 1865, she began her professional training and took lessons in drawing from the society portraitist Charles Chaplin. Gonzalès became a pupil of the artist Édouard Manet in February 1869. Manet is said to have begun a portrait of her at once which was completed on 12 March 1870 and exhibited at Salon in that year.
Like her teacher, Édouard Manet, she never exhibited with the Impressionist painters in their controversial exhibitions in Paris, but she is considered part of the group because of her painting style. She was Manet's only formal student and modeled frequently for several members of the Impressionist school.
Until 1872, she was strongly influenced by Manet but later developed her own, more personal style. Her career was cut short when she died in childbirth at the age of thirty-four, exactly six days after the death of her teacher, Manet.
Philippe Burty, Eva Gonzales (Paris: Salons de La Vie Moderne, 1885)
Galerie Marcel Bernheim, Retrospective Eva Gonzales (Paris: Galerie Marcel Bernheim, 1932)
Tamar Garb, Women Impressionists (NY: Rizzoli, 1986)
Edward Lucie-Smith, Impressionist Women (London: George Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1989)
Musée Marmottan, Les Femmes Impressionnistes: Mary Cassatt, Eva Gonzales, Berthe Morisot (Paris: Bibliothèque des Arts, 1993)
Claude Roger-Marx, Eva Gonzalès (Saint-Germain-en-Laye: Les Editions de Neuilly, 1950)
Claude Roger-Marx, Eva Gonzalès (Paris: Galerie Daber, 1959)
Marie-Caroline Sainsaulieu and Jacques de Mons, Eva Gonzales. 1849-1883. Etude critique et catalogue raisonné (Paris: Bibliothèque des Arts, 1990)
Submitted by John Newberry
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