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John Matthew Graadt of Rays was a Dutch painter and graphic artist, who is also called Job Graadt van Roggen. His work included plein-aire landscape painting, marine scenes, portraits and cityscapes, many of them done in Bergen and surrounding countryside. In style, he is considered a forerunner of the Bergen School, an expressionist, cubist influenced group of Dutch artists active between 1915 and 1925 .
Graadt van Roggen was deaf from the age of three due to meningitis, and during his entire youth was enrolled at the Deaf and Dumb Institute (as it was then called ) in Groningen. He made his first paintings as a seventeen year old.
In 1900 Graadt van Roggen went to Bergen, North Holland to live where he had a house built. and took his art education at the Academy Minerva in Groningen and at the State Academy of Fine Arts in Amsterdam as a student of Bernard Essers.
? 2003 Country in sight. Artists and the Dutch coast - Stedelijk Museum Alkmaar
? 2004/2005 Links! Arts Centre in Bergen guest in Kranenburgh Museum , Bergen (NH)
? 2007/2008 Plenty of Summer - Retrospective Graadt van Roggen in Kranenburgh Museum, Bergen (NH)
? 2007/2008 Signed silence - Graphics in the Drents Museum , Assen
? 2008 Etching and drawings - Historical Museum The Strong House , Bergen (NH)
? 2008 Work of JM Zeeland Graadt of Rays in Marie Tak van Poortvliet Museum Domburg
? Museum Kranenburgh to Bergen (NH)
? The Drents Museum in Assen (complete graph of Graadt Rays)
? Stedelijk Museum Alkmaar
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