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 William George (Sir) Gillies  (1898 - 1973)



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Lived/Active: England/United Kingdom/Scotland      Known for: landscape, still life painting

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Sir William George Gillies (1898–1973)

He was a renowned Scottish landscape and still life painter.

Gillies was born in Haddington, East Lothian; he studied at Edinburgh College of Art and taught there after graduation for over 40 years.  He was principal of the College from 1959 until his retirement in 1966.  In 1922 along with nine fellow students, including William Crozier and William MacTaggart, he founded the 1922 Group, an exhibition society which promoted their works at the New Gallery in Edinburgh for the next ten years.

Assisted by a traveling scholarship, Gillies studied under André Lhote in Paris in 1923 and he went on to visit Italy in 1924.  For a brief period after these experiences he worked in a cubist manner, but would later revert to a more traditional style.  His cubist influenced works are typified by the 1933 still life, Two Pots, Saucer and Fruit.  The arrangement of the objects, which are close together on a tilted table top, are influenced by Cézanne, whereas the understated colors and textures are reminiscent of Braque and Picasso.

In 1934 Gillies attended an exhibition of Paul Klee's work and was impressed by the childlike qualities and imaginative use of color that he saw.  Klee's influence is clear in Gillies' 1934 work, The Harbour, which depicts the harbor at Anstruther.  Gillies has created a grid-like composition, using bold blocks of contrasting color emphasizing the vertical lines of the buildings and the ships masts.  This is balanced by the use of rippling horizontal brushstrokes.

Although he experimented with portraiture in his early career, Gillies concentrated principally on landscapes and still lives, frequently depicting the Lothian, Fife and Border regions.  Both in his prolific output over the course of his career, and in his 40 years of teaching, Gillies influence on Scottish painting of the twentieth century has been profound.


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