|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|A printer and lithographer, Elijah Chapman Kellogg worked primarily in
Hartford, Connecticut but also had business ties to New York
City. He was the youngest brother of a family that became highly
prominent printmakers in the mid to late 19th Century, and the younger
brothers including Elijah all studied steel engraving with the oldest
brother, Jarvis Kellogg (1805-1873), who was based in Boston. The
others, as successful lithographers, were linked to Connecticut.|
In 1842, Elijah Kellogg, joined with the firm D.W. Kellogg & Co. in
Hartford that had been established about 1830 by his brother;
Daniel Kellogg, who moved away at that time. However, another
brother, Edmund Kellogg (1809-1872) joined Elijah, and they
renamed the business
E.B. & E.C. Kellogg, which in 1848 became Kelloggs & Comstock
with the addition of John Chenevard Comstock (1818-1862). The
business became known for sentimental genre subjects as well as
landscape prints showing accurate architectural depictions such as A View of Williston Seminary, East Hampton, Mass. Many of their landscapes were romanticized such as Hyde Park, Hudson River, which, like many of their prints reflected the popularity of the Hudson River School painters.
In New York City in 1846 to 1847, the brothers became partners with a
map dealer and printmaker, Horace Thayer, naming that business Kellogg
and Thayer, and beginning 1845, the Kellogg brothers maintained an office in New York City.
In 1849, Edmund Kellogg went into business on his own, functioning
solely as a printer and not a publisher, but in 1855, he resumed
partnership with his brother, Elijah, and with the reunion, they
resurrected the name of E.B. & E.C. Kellogg. This name, which
became famous, was retained until 1867, when it became Kellogg &
Bulkeley Company, and the Kellogg brothers retired. However,
Charles E. Kellogg (1839-1933), son of Edmund Kellogg, joined the firm
with William H. Bulkeley (1840-1902), and remained until 1874, except
for several years away during the Civil War.
Of the period between 1855 and 1867, it was written that the Kelloggs
did "some of the most beautiful and impressive landscape prints the
Kellogg firm ever issued." (Finlay 98) However, instead of
staying with this strength, they focuesd on producing popular
hand-colored prints, which made them competitors of Currier & Ives
of New York.
Elijah Chapman Kellogg was also known as a fish breeder, and went to
Europe in 1860 as an agent to stock the private fish ponds for Colonel
Samuel Colt, whose name remains associated with firearm manufacturing.
Nancy Finlay, "Landscape Prints and City Views by the Kelloggs of Hartford", The Magazine Antiques, December 2006, pp. 94-103
Peter Hastings Falk, Editor, Who Was Who in American Art
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