Peter Kramer, originally surnamed Kraemer, a painter, miniaturist, watercolorist and lithographer, was born in Bavaria, Germany in1823. He immigrated to the United States in 1848 and settled in Philadelphia where he worked for Peter S. Duval until 1857.
His most well known lithographs were of Civil War scenes which later afforded him the opportunity to paint the life portraits of the Generals made famous in that war. For a brief period in the 1850s (1850 or 1851) Kramer was also associated with Lewis N. Rosenthal, another Philadelphia lithographer. A small number of prints were issued under the company name Kramer & Rosenthal.
In addition to being a lithographer, Mr. Kramer was known to paint prominent men of the time, including President Lincoln and Civil War Generals. As a miniaturist, he is famous reproducing his life studies of these men onto ivory.
Kramer returned to Europe in the late 1850s and worked in Stuttgart. He was expelled for caricaturing the king and returned to New York to open his own studio where he continued to work as a painter. He died in Brooklyn in 1907.
Information courtesy of Jackie Wolf-Heinl