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 Gustave Loiseau  (1865 - 1935)

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Lived/Active: France      Known for: post impressionist landscape, still life and seascape painting

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from Auction House Records.
Le pont suspendu à Elbeuf
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Biography from Schiller & Bodo European Paintings:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Born in 1865, Gustive Loiseau had parents who were small butcher shop owners.  They moved the family to Ile-Saint-Louis in Paris shortly after he was born.  He became an apprentice to a decorator friend of the family.  His parents, realizing that he was unlikely to change his mind about his future of wanting to become an artist, soon after sold their business and retired to Pontoise.

In 1884, after a year of military service spent in Paris, Loiseau returned to the apprenticeship with the decorator, but realized his true calling was to paint.  In 1887 he established himself in Montmartre*, first in the Rue Myrrha and then at La Maison du Trappeur.  He enrolled for one year in the Ecole des Arts-Décoratifs* in 1888, where he followed courses in life-drawing,which he felt he needed, until an argument with his teacher prompted him to withdraw.

While still working with the decorator, one of Loiseau’s jobs had been to redecorate the apartment of the painter Fernand Just Quignon. Upon his departure from the Ecole des Arts-Décoratifs, Loiseau turned to this landscape painter as his teacher.  He spent months at Quignon’s studio, but eventually felt disappointed in the approach and methods of his mentor; he sought an attractive and inexpensive location where he could concentrate on landscapes and follow his personal inclinations and artistic convictions.  On the advice of Quignon, a frequent visitor to Brittany, Loiseau arrived in Pont Aven for the first time in May of 1890.  He befriended the myriad of artists in residence there, most importantly Paul Gauguin, as well as Maxime Maufra and Emile Bernard.

Loiseau developed a type of 'cross-hatching'* technique, called en treillis (latticework), which gave his paintings the supple, almost touchable quality for which he is known.

He debuted at the Salon des Indèpendants* in 1893, as well as in 1895 at the Salon of the Société Nationale*. He also figured prominently at the group Impressionist* shows in 1890 and 1896.

Toward the end of his life, while maintaining a studio on the quai du Pothius at Pontoise, Loiseau took another studio on the quai d’Anjou in Paris, where he painted from his window, as he had done in Pont-Aven.

He died in Paris in 1935.

* For more in-depth information about these terms and others, see AskART.com Glossary http://www.askart.com/AskART/lists/Art_Definition.aspx

Biography from Abby M Taylor Fine Art:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Gustave Loiseau was a painter drawn to the beauty and atmosphere of the landscape, and was influenced by such great painters as Claude Monet, Paul Gauguin and Maxime Maufra.  Loiseau’s landscapes reflected an Impressionist vision with a Divisionist style.

Born to shop keepers who moved to Ile-Saint-Louis in Paris shortly after he was born, Loiseau acquired only a basic education, as he was expected to help with the store at an early age.  In his free time, the young boy would sketch and do copies of prints.  After a serious illness, he convinced his parents to allow him to pursue his artistic inclinations, and thus Loiseau became an apprentice to a decorator.  Through this experience, the young boy met painter, Fernand Just Quignon, who would become his first real instructor and inspiration to focus on landscape painting.

In 1890, Loiseau moved to Pont Aven where he befriended Maxime Maufra, Emile Dezaunay and Henry Moret, who influenced his Impressionist style and convinced him the exhibit his paintings at the Salon des Indépendants in 1891 and 1892.  In 1894, Louiseau met Paul Gauguin after his return from Tahiti, and a deep friendship grew between the two artists.

Loiseau traveled often throughout the countryside of France.  He liked to paint in series, much like Monet, and attempted to capture scenes in different times of the day. He chose to depict the transformations in nature caused by changing light.  Sensitive as he was to every nuance, he refused to paint in the glaring midday light – bright colors hurt his eyes, he preferred softer, subtler scenes –afternoons when the sky is dotted with clouds, the soft golden light at the end of the day, morning fog and evening mists and the dreamy effects of snow.

Exhibitions:
Salon des Indépendants
Le Barc de Boutteville
Durand-Ruel

Collections:
Musée de Rouen
Oscar Ghez Collection, Musée du Petit-Palais, Geneva
Musée du Prieure, 1981
Musée du Pont Aven, 2001
Musée de Rennes

Biography from Anderson Galleries, Inc.:
Please note: Artists not classified as American in our database may have limited biographical data compared to the extensive information about American artists.

Loiseau was born in Paris in 1865, where he grew up and studied at the Ecole des Arts Decoratifs. When he was 25 he moved to Pont-Aven in Bretagne to work with Gauguin and other members of the Pont Aven School. During Loiseau's time in Pont Aven, he also met and became close with two other post-impressionists, Maxime Maufra and Emile Bernard. The time he spent with these artists led Loiseau to a stronger structure and freer brushstroke in his subsequent work. In addition to Gauguin's style of cloissonism, one can also see the influence of Pissarro and the pointillism of Seurat in Loiseau's technique.

Loiseau was a great traveler whose paintings are very diverse; his oeuvre includes landscapes, marines, flowers, and still-lifes, amongst other subjects. From 1893 Loiseau exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Independants and at the Salon de la Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts from 1895. Between 1890 and 1896 he regularly exhibited at the Post Impressionist shows.

L'Arc de Triomphe showcases Loiseau's signature brushwork and a unique but instantly recognizable composition of the Arc de Triomphe. From the artist's vantage point, we see Napoleon's iconic landmark, the famous boulevard, and rows of beautiful Parisian buildings. In this winter setting, Loiseau uses blues, cool mauves, and multiple hues of white to capture the flurry of snow in Paris. Painted in the later years of Loiseau's career, this painting also features many of Loiseau's techniques - cross-hatching lines, smaller Pointillist dots, as well as longer, more defined brushstrokes, each one masterfully integrated.

His paintings can be found in important collections on both sides of the Atlantic, including the Albright-Knox Art Gallery (Buffalo), Chateau Museum (Dieppe), Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (Kansas City), and Ashmolean Museum (Oxford). The Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York) also houses three Loiseau works in the renowned Robert Lehman Collection of Art.


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