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 Joseph Jr Lyman  (1843 - 1913)

About: Joseph Jr Lyman
 

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Lived/Active: Ohio/Connecticut      Known for: landscape, coastal marine, genre

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Joseph Jr Lyman
from Auction House Records.
Moonrise
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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Joseph Lyman was born on July 17, 1843. He was named after his father and was born and raised in Ravenna, Ohio, where he received his first artistic training from Joseph Henry Dolph, a Detroit portraitist and specialist in realistically rendered cat and dog genre paintings. Lyman later studied with the Hudson River School landscape painter, Samuel Coleman, who instilled in Lyman a love for the natural beauty found in the American landscape. According to Mantel Fielding, he also studied in Europe.

Probably following Joseph Henry Dolph to New York City after 1860, Lyman maintained a studio near Dolph, and like so many 19th century painters, who hailed from Ohio and the Great Lakes Regions, he exhibited, trained and gained patronage in New York City and maintained close friendships with painters William Sonntag, Worthington Whittredge, Robert S. Duncanson; genre painter, DeScott Evans and Hudson River painter, Samuel Coleman.

Lyman surrounded himself with some of the finest landscape and genre painters of his era, and he often painted with each of them on location. Samuel Coleman taught Lyman the fundamentals of painting realistic, luminous landscapes that were animated with animals and people, and Lyman's close association with William Sonntag and Worthington Whittredge tightened his bond to painting in the academic tradition common everyday scenes that depicted true American life along the shorelines and rivers of New York, New Jersey and New England. His figures intermingle with each other and seem a central part to the atmosphere surrounding them, as people perform their daily tasks along a tranquil, yet active cove.

Lyman led an active artistic life in New York and achieved financial success as a painter. By 1874, he exhibited frequently at the annual exhibitions at the prestigious National Academy of Design and he was elected an Associate of that art organization in 1886. During the 1880s and 1890s, Lyman exhibited annually at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and the Art Institute of Chicago. He was a member of the Century Association, a noted club which included many of the most prominent New York artists of the era and in 1904 he won a medal for excellence at the St. Louis Exposition.

Judging from the titles of his entries to the National Academy exhibitions, Lyman was an inveterate traveler and a somewhat prolific painter. He painted coastal views of Maine, Long Island, Staten Island, Massachusetts and England. His landscapes included numerous sites on the Hudson River, in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, Maine, Massachusetts and views of the towns of St. Augustine (Florida) and towns in Germany's Black Forest. Yet, despite all of these exhibition entries at clubs and associations, the location of very few of Lymans' paintings is known today.

His 1880s coastal scenes show Lyman's devotion to the traditions of the Hudson River School. Usually his scenes depict fishermen attending to their boats, fixing nets and performing daily chores in quiet coves and a sense of responsibility and calm is felt. Lyman was known for showing human beings in a realistic, narrative setting. Some of his canvases had simple titles like Summer Night, Moonlight, Sunset on the Maine Coast, Waiting for the Tide and each represented the everyday person performing normal chores.

References:

Mantel Fielding's Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers (1965);

Who Was Who in American Art (Peter Hastings Falk, Sound View Press, 1985);

American Art Annuals (1885-1913)

National Exhibition Record, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, vol. II

National Academy of Design Exhibition Records, vol. II.

Source:
Pierce Galleries Inc

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