|This biography from the Archives of AskART:|
|With a successful painting career in the Midwest in the 1930s and 1940s, especially of works of western themes in WPA murals, she and her twin sister, Ethel Magafan, were highly respected artists among their peers. They exhibited as a pair, traveled much together, and spent time at Woodstock, New York, where they each married artists. Jenne married Edward Chavez and Ethel, Bruce Currie.|
The twins' father emigrated to the United States from Greece in 1912 and settled in Colorado Springs, although the girls were born in Chicago. They each developed a love of western landscape, and when Jenne won the Carter Memorial Art Scholarship of ninety dollars, she shared it with her sister and they both attended the Colorado Springs Fine Art Center. The tuition covered only two months, but instructor Frank Mechau, recognizing their talents, hired both of them as assistants.
The young female artists were encouraged by all their instructors especially Mechau, Boardman Robinson and Pepino Mangravite, who hired Ethel to help him with a mural project in Atlantic City.
Jenne did a mural in the post office of Helper, Utah and in a government building in Auburn, Nebraska.
On a California trip, the twins met Doris Lee and Arnold Blanch, who spoke glowingly of the Woodstock, New York art colony, so they headed east in 1945. There, they developed distinctive styles of painting with Jennie doing what were described as sensitive renderings and Ethel focusing on horses and later on increasingly abstract landscapes.
Both won Fulbright Scholarships and Tiffany Foundation Awards, and Jenne studied in Italy and Ethel in Greece. They and their husbands returned to the United States in 1952, and shortly after Jenne died at age thirty-six of a cerebral hemorrhage.
Source: American Women Artists by Charlotte Streifer Rubinstein
|Biography from David Cook Galleries:|
|Jenne and Ethel Magafan were identical twins, born in Chicago to a Greek immigrant father and a Polish mother. Due to health concerns about their father, the family moved to Colorado, living first in Colorado Springs and then in Denver. He was a proud supporter of their artistic ambitions but died suddenly 1932, a heavy blow to both of them. They attended East High School in Denver, where they found a mentor in their art teacher Helen Perry. She had studied at the Art Institute of Chicago but had later abandoned a career as an artist, making her all the more determined to help the Magafan twins succeed artistically. |
While still in high school, the twins impressed artist Frank Mechau, and Helen Perry paid for their lessons with him. He subsequently invited them to apprentice with him at his Redstone studio. In 1936, Jenne won the Carter Memorial Art Scholarship and shared it with her sister so that they both could attend the Broadmoor Art Academy in Colorado Springs. Once they ran out of money, Mechau, now teaching there, hired them as assistants. Through their involvement at the Academy, the twins entered into careers as muralists, working at first with Mechau and then with Peppino Mangravite.
In 1939, Jenne was awarded her first commission for a mural at the Albion, Nebraska Post Office. Eventually she won a total of seven commissions. For the work, she traveled across the country in a station wagon. Her daughter has said of her mother’s experience that, "They saved up gas coupons as fuel was rationed and drove cross country on ‘retreads’-- refurbished old tires.”
Federally sponsored murals could stir up excited responses from local citizens. Jenne’s favorite mural was Cowboy Dance at the Anson, Texas post office, but the local newspaper took offense to a whiskey jug painted in the lower corner, citing that “Throughout the history of Anson there has never been an open saloon.”
Meeting the artists Doris Lee and Arnold Blanch in Los Angeles, the twins learned of the art colony in Woodstock, New York, and in 1945 they went to visit. That same year, their work was exhibited at the Los Angeles Museum of Art and the National Academy of Design. Marrying her longtime love, Edward Chavez, Jenne moved to Woodstock along with her sister where, for the first time, the sisters didn’t live together. Ethel didn’t look favorably upon her brother-in-law’s dominating personality and this forced their styles to develop more independently.
When Chavez won a Fulbright scholarship, the couple traveled to Italy. During this time, Jenne went to visit her sister in Greece, where Ethel was fulfilling her Fulbright. In 1952, the Magafans and their husbands returned to the States, and less than a week after their return Jenne died in Albany Hospital of a cerebral hemorrhage.
Awards: State of Colorado Arts and Humanities Award, 1971; Received the first solo exhibition at the Denver Art Museum; Honored posthumously by Historic Denver as part of the Colorado 100.
Education: Cleveland Schools of Art (B.E.A.); Western Reserve University with Henry Keller; Frank Wilcox, William Joseph Eastman & Albert Olson; also studied in Europe, Africa and Asia.
Commissions: Ceiling in drawing room, commissioned by Mrs. Gerald Hughes, Denver, 1936; History of Costume (five murals), Neusteter’s, Denver, 1937; mural room and ranch bar, Albany Hotel, Denver, 1937; WPA mural, Cattle Round-up, US Treasury Department, Eureka, Kansas, 1938; Land Rush, Treasury Department, Sayre, OK, 1940.
Exhibited: International Watercolors, Art Institute of Chicago, 1930-49; Contemporary American Painting, University of Illinois, 1952; Artists West of the Mississippi, Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, 1965; 73rd Western Ann., Denver Art Museum, 1971; Color Exp. Space Retrospective, 1972.
Works Held: Kirkland Museum of Fine & Decorative Art, Colorado; Colby College Museum of Art, Maine; The John H. Vanderpoel Art Association, Illinois.
©David Cook Galleries, LLC
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