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 Margaret Whitehead Magill Hodge  (1863 - 1935)



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Lived/Active: District Of Columbia      Known for: archaeological artifacts illustrations, Indians

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Margaret Magill is primarily known as Margaret Whitehead Magill Hodge

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This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Margaret Magill Hodge is known for her illustrations with records of archaeological digs as well as for watercolor sketches around the Washington DC area and other places where she lived.

Hodge was born on July 23, 1863 in Washington, DC, where she grew up and attended Dr. Wheat's Female Institute at Winchester, Virginia.  She was forced to leave at age 12 due to poor eyesight, but she remained an avid reader and later attended the the Corcoran School of Art in Washington.

Hodge's archaeological activity began when she was a teen-ager and accompanied her married sister, Emily, and Emily's husband Frank Cushing to the Zuni reservation in northern Arizona.  They remained until 1884.  Two years later, she went again, as a member of the Hemenway Archaeological Expedition, 1886-1889, which excavated ruins in Arizona and New Mexico.  Upon her return to Washington, she worked at the U.S. Geological Survey until 1891, when she married Frederic Hodge, former Secretary of the Hemenway Expedition.

In the 1880s, Hodge's Southwestern work was executed in watercolor, pencil, pen and ink, and her subjects were Native Americans, potsherds, bowls, and various artifacts, some of which appeared in reports carried in government publications.  One of the sketches, Zuni Court, Showing Balcony, 1889, appeared in the Bureau of Ethnology's Fourteenth Annual Report, 1892-1893.  She also provided illustrations for Cushing's Zuni Breadstuff, which ran as a serial in issues of The Millstone, 1884 and 1885.

After her marriage, she and her husband lived in Garrett Park, Maryland for twenty-three years and had a family.  The couple separated in 1919, and her husband held positions with the Smithsonian Institution, the Bureau of Ethnology and from 1932 to 1955 was director of the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles.

At the time of the separation, Margaret Hodge moved with a daughter to Royal Oak, Michigan, and was there until 1928, when she moved briefly to Milwaukee and then settled in York, Pennsylvania.

She exhibited with the Washington Watercolor Club and provided flora cover designs for The Craftsman magazine around 1913.  But, Hodge essentially had little or no art career following her archaeological work, though she continued to paint for herself, to some degree, and do a modest amount of commercial work.

Margaret Hodge died on October 19, 1935, in York, Pennsylvania.

Collectors of Hodge's works include the Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, California; and National Anthropological Archives, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, which owns 60 of her drawings of Native American artifacts.

Phil Kovinick and Marian Yoshiki Kovinick, An Encyclopedia of Women Artists of the American West

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