Martha Moore Rathbone McDowell was born 1902 in New Britain, Connecticut, daughter of Martha Hart Moore and E.A. Moore, former president of Stanley Works. She graduated from Vassar College in 1924 and studied in New York at the Grand Central Art School and the Art Students League. She also studied with Alexander Archipenko, sculptor Heinz Warneke and Alfred H. Barr who later became the director of the Museum of Modern Art.
Noted for her bronze figures of Alice in Wonderland characters, she exhibited widely – at the Society of Artists in Gloucester, Massachusetts, the Wadsworth Athenaeum, Vassar Club of New York, Grace Horn Galleries of Boston, the New School for Social Research, Dudensing Galleries in New York, Kent Art Association, National Arts Club of New York and the Clay Club.
In 1936, she illustrated It's the Climate, written by her husband artist Charles H. Rathbone, Jr.
She was a member of the National Arts Club, Allied Artists of America and the National Art Association.
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