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 Kathleen Frances (Pepper) Daly  (1898 - 1994)



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Lived/Active: Ontario / Canada      Known for: modernist rural landscape and figure painting, illustration

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Kathleen Frances (Daly) Pepper is primarily known as Kathleen Frances (Pepper) Daly

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Ad Code: 3
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from Auction House Records.
Catskill Mountains
Artwork images are copyright of the artist or assignee
This biography from the Archives of AskART:
Kathleen Frances Pepper (née Daly) studied at the Ontario College of Art (1920-24); the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Paris (1924-25); wood engraving with René Pottier in Paris; and at the Parsons School of Design, New York (1926).

In 1924 she began taking annual trips to France and Italy.  She married artist George Pepper in 1929, and the couple traveled and painted extensively.  They lived in the Studio Building in Toronto (1934-1951).  Daly made several trips to Newfoundland and Labrador to paint images of Native Canadians.

She exhibited at Hart House (1935); at the British Empire Exhibition (1936); in the exhibition "A Century of Canadian Art" (1938); at the Tate Gallery, London (1938); often with the Royal Canadian Academy and the Ontario Society of Artists, and she was a member of both (ARCA 1937; RCA 1961; OSA 1936).  She was also a member of the Canadian Group of Painters (1934).

She often held joint shows with her husband and a retrospective exhibition of their work was held at the McMichael Gallery (1999).  Daly did the illustrations for Marius Barbeau’s "Kingdom of the Saguenay" and in 1966 she published a book about James Wilson Morrice. In his book "Canadian Art," Graham McInnes placed her among Canada’s outstanding artists.

Following her death, five hundred paintings by Daly and her husband were donated to Le centre d’art Baie-Saint-Paul.


Ontario College of Art & Design (formerly Ontario School of Art), 1920 - 1924
Private study (under René Pottier, Paris)
Parsons School of Design, Paris
Académie de la Grande Chaumière, Paris, 1924 - 1925

Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, Associate, 1937; Academician, 1961
Ontario Society of Artists, 1936
Canadian Group of Painters, 1934
File & Archive locations
Art Gallery of Ontario - Edward P. Taylor Research Library and Archives
Hamilton Public Library - Fine Arts Department
London Public Library
Montreal Museum of Fine Arts - Library and Archives
Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal - Media Centre
National Gallery of Canada - Library and Archives
University of British Columbia - Fine Arts Library
Vancouver Art Gallery - Library
Winnipeg Art Gallery - Clara Lander Library


Writings about
"59 Paintings Auctioned for Refugees' Benefit Bring Total of $2459." Ottawa Citizen 4 Oct. 1940.
Journal, Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (Dec. 1935): 196.
"In the Domain of Art." Vancouver Province 9 Aug. 1931.
"N.Y. Art Show Features Works of Canadians." Montreal Daily Star 29 Apr. 1947: 9.
"Spring Exhibition Marked by Variety." Gazette (Montreal) 10 Mar. 1939.
American Federation of Arts. Who's Who in American Art, 1993. New York: R.R. Bowker, 1993.
Art Gallery of Ontario. Alexander Bercovitch, Kathleen Daly, George Pepper, William A. Winter. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1942.
Art Gallery of Ontario. The Canadian Collection. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Co. of Canada, 1970.
Ayre, Robert. "Significant Exhibition at Toronto by Diligent Canadian Group of Painters 'Bristling With Signs of the Times'." Standard (Toronto) 18 Nov. 1939: M6.
Ayre, Robert. "The Canadian Group of Painters." Canadian Art 6.3 (Spring 1949): 98-102.
Bertrand, Magdeleine. Les Femmes artistes du Québec de 1875 à 1925. Montreal: Université de Montréal, 1990.
Canadian Group of Painters. Canadian Group of Painters, Exhibition 1963-1964. Montreal: 1963.
Dutka, Joanna. Kathleen Daly, Canmore Workings: May 19-June 28. Banff: Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies, 1987.
Duval, Paul. Canadian Impressionism. Toronto: Clarke, Irwin and Co, 1972.
Gagnon, Francois-Marc and Suzanne Presse. Kathleen Daly, George D. Pepper: Retrospective. Baie-St-Paul, Quebec: Centre d'Exposition de Baie-St-Paul, 1996.
J.C. "Chronique d'art." La Revue Populaire (Jun. 1929): 7-10.
Jasmin, Claude. "Canadian Group of Painters, ou plusieurs peintres du Canada tout...anglais?" La Presse (Montreal) 30 Nov. 1963: 22.
Jewell, Edward Alden. "Canadian Women Offer Art Display." New York Times 29 Apr. 1947: 33.
Laberge, Albert. "Nouvelle visite au salon de l'academie royale canadienne." La Presse (Montreal) 6 Dec. 1929.
Laberge, Albert. "Nouvelle visite au salon des peintres Canadiens." La Presse (Montreal) 28 Mar. 1929: 16.
MacDonald, Colin S.. The Dictionary of Canadian Artists. (Volumes 1-8 by Colin S. MacDonald, and volume 9 by Anne Newlands and Judith Parker) Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 2009
MacTavish, Newton. Ars Longa. Toronto: The Ontario Publishing Co., 1925.
Marsh, James H, ed. Canadian Encyclopedia. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1988.
McInnes, G. Campbell. “World of Art.” Saturday Night (18 Jan. 1936): 4.
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Formerly Art Association of Montreal: Spring Exhibitions, 1880-1970. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988.
McMann, Evelyn de Rostaing. Royal Canadian Academy of Arts/Académie royale des arts du Canada: Exhibitions and Members 1880-1979. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1981.
McMichael Canadian Art Collection. Kathleen Daly, George D. Pepper. Kleinburg, Ontario: McMichael Canadian Art Collection, 1999.
Miner, Muriel Miller. G.A. Reid, Canadian Artist; George Reid: A Biography. Toronto: Ryerson Press and Summerhill Press, 1946; (reprint) 1987.
National Gallery of Canada. National Gallery of Canada Catalogue of Canadian Art. Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1988.
Ontario Library Review. Who's Who in Canadian Art: From Ontario Library Review, November 1947-August 1962. Toronto: Government Printer, 1948.
Petteys, Chris, et al. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1985.
Reynald. "Le 56e Salon de l'Académie." La Presse (Montreal) 25 Nov. 1935.
Robson, Albert Henry. Canadian Landscape Painters. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1932.
Simpson, Kieran, ed. Canadian Who's Who, 1993. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.
Westbridge, Anthony R. The Collector's Dictionary of Canadian Artists at Auction. Vancouver: Westbridge Publications, 2001.
Wolff, Hennie. Index of Ontario Artists. Toronto: Visual Arts of Ontario, Ontario Association of Art Galleries, 1978.

Canadian Women Artists History Initiative

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